Molecular evolution of the chalcone synthase multigene family in the morning glory genome View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2000-01

AUTHORS

Mary L. Durbin, Bonnie McCaig, Michael T. Clegg

ABSTRACT

Plant genomes appear to exploit the process of gene duplication as a primary means of acquiring biochemical and developmental flexibility. Thus, for example, most of the enzymatic components of plant secondary metabolism are encoded by small families of genes that originated through duplication over evolutionary time. The dynamics of gene family evolution are well illustrated by the genes that encode chalcone synthase (CHS), the first committed step in flavonoid biosynthesis. We review pertinent facts about CHS evolution in flowering plants with special reference to the morning glory genus, Ipomoea. Our review shows that new CHS genes are recruited recurrently in flowering plant evolution. Rates of nucleotide substitution are frequently accelerated in new duplicate genes, and there is clear evidence for repeated shifts in enzymatic function among duplicate copies of CHS genes. In addition, we present new data on expression patterns of CHS genes as a function of tissue and developmental stage in the common morning glory (I. purpurea). These data show extensive differentiation in gene expression among duplicate copies of CHS genes. We also show that a single mutation which blocks anthocyanin biosynthesis in the floral limb is correlated with a loss of expression of one of the six duplicate CHS genes present in the morning glory genome. This suggests that different duplicate copies of CHS have acquired specialized functional roles over the course of evolution. We conclude that recurrent gene duplication and subsequent differentiation is a major adaptive strategy in plant genome evolution. More... »

PAGES

79-92

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1989-02. The chalcone synthase multigene family of Petunia hybrida (V30): differential, light-regulated expression during flower development and UV light induction in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1994-06. Evidence that stilbene synthases have developed from chalcone synthases several times in the course of evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1986-03. Structure of the chalcone synthase gene of Antirrhinum majus in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1980-06. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1988-12. Chalcone synthases from spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) in PLANTA
  • 1998-01. Evolution of Substrate Specificities in the P-Type ATPase Superfamily in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1990-11. Molecular genetic analysis of chalcone synthase in Lycopersicon esculentum and an anthocyanin-deficient mutant in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1987-12. Organization and differential activation of a gene family encoding the plant defense enzyme chalcone synthase in Phaseolus vulgaris in MOLECULAR GENETICS AND GENOMICS
  • 1998-07. A chalcone synthase with an unusual substrate preference is expressed in barley leaves in response to UV light and pathogen attack in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1987-03. The chalcone synthase multigene family of Petunia hybrida (V30): sequence homology, chromosomal localization and evolutionary aspects in PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 1931-04. Analysis of flower colour inPharbitis Nil in JOURNAL OF GENETICS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1006375904820

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1006375904820

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004723968

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10688131


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