Etoposide With or Without Mannitol for the Treatment of Recurrent or Primarily Unresponsive Brain Tumors: A Children's Cancer Group Study, ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-01

AUTHORS

Nathan L. Kobrinsky, Roger J. Packer, James M. Boyett, Philip Stanley, Tania Shiminski-Maher, Jeffrey C. Allen, James H. Garvin, David J. Stewart, Jonathan L. Finlay

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the response of recurrent brain tumors to intravenous etoposide and to evaluate the efficacy of mannitol in augmenting etoposide's tumoricidal effect. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-nine children between one and 21 years of age with recurrent brain tumors were randomly assigned to treatment with intravenous etoposide 150 mg/M2, with or without mannitol 15 gm/M2, daily for five days every three weeks for one year or until disease progression or death. Computerized tomographic (CT) or magnetic resonance image (MRI) scans, obtained after three cycles of therapy, were compared with pre-therapy scans. Scans were centrally reviewed. RESULTS: Of 87 evaluable patients, 12 (13.8%) were determined to have had an objective response by the institutional radiologist. On central review, 7/66 (10.6%) responses were documented. Responses in centrally reviewed patients were observed in 2/12 (16.7%) low grade astrocytomas, 4/26 (15.4%) medulloblastoma or primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET), 1/13 (7.7%) high grade astrocytomas and 0/15 (0%) brain stem gliomas. Survival at one year was 53% (SE 12%) for low grade astrocytomas, 38% (SE 7%) for medulloblastoma or PNET, 28% (SE 10%) for high grade astrocytomas and 9% (SE 5%) for brain stem gliomas. An effect of mannitol was not observed. CONCLUSION: Intravenous etoposide has a low level of activity in the treatment of recurrent low grade astrocytomas and medulloblastoma or PNET. The efficacy of this agent was not enhanced by the coincident intravenous administration of mannitol. More... »

PAGES

47-54

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1006333811437

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1006333811437

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052758477

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10728909


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