Natural selection of Varroa jacobsoni explains the different reproductive strategies in colonies of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1999-02

AUTHORS

Willem J. Boot, Johan N.M. Calis, Joop Beetsma, Dong Minh Hai, Nguyen Kim Lan, Tran Van Toan, Le Quang Trung, Nguyen Hung Minh

ABSTRACT

In colonies of European Apis mellifera, Varroa jacobsoni reproduces both in drone and in worker cells. In colonies of its original Asian host, Apis cerana, the mites invade both drone and worker brood cells, but reproduce only in drone cells. Absence of reproduction in worker cells is probably crucial for the tolerance of A. cerana towards V. jacobsoni because it implies that the mite population can only grow during periods in which drones are reared. To test if non-reproduction of V. jacobsoni in worker brood cells of A. cerana is due to a trait of the mites or of the honey-bee species, mites from bees in A. mellifera colonies were artificially introduced into A. cerana worker brood cells and vice versa. Approximately 80% of the mites from A. mellifera colonies reproduced in naturally infested worker cells as well as when introduced into worker cells of A. mellifera and A. cerana. Conversely, only 10% of the mites from A. cerana colonies reproduced, both in naturally infested worker cells of A. cerana and when introduced into worker cells of A. mellifera. Hence, absence of reproduction in worker cells is due to a trait of the mites. Additional experiments showed that A. cerana bees removed 84% of the worker brood that was artificially infested with mites from A. mellifera colonies. Brood removal started 2 days after artificial infestation, which suggests that the bees responded to behaviour of the mites. Since removal behaviour of the bees will have a large impact on fitness of the mites, it probably plays an important role in selection for differential reproductive strategies. Our findings have large implications for selection programmes to breed less-susceptible bee strains. If differences in non-reproduction are mite specific, we should not only look for non-reproduction as such, but for colonies in which non-reproduction in worker cells is selected. Hence, in selection programmes fitness of mites that reproduce in both drone and worker cells should be compared to fitness of mites that reproduce only in drone cells. © Rapid Science Ltd. 1998 More... »

PAGES

133-144

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1995-04. Why do Varroa mites invade worker brood cells of the honey bee despite lower reproductive success? in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
  • 1993. Juvenile hormone titer and reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni in capped brood stages of Apis cerana indica in comparison to Apis mellifera ligustica in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1992. Reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni in colonies of Apis cerana indica under natural and experimental conditions in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1981. BEOBACHTUNGEN ÜBER DIE ANPASSUNG VON VARROA JACOBSONI AN IHREN NATÜRLICHEN WIRT APIS CERANA IN SRI LANKA in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1984. BEOBACHTUNGEN ÜBER EINE MÖGLICHE ANPASSUNG VON VARROA JACOBSONI AN APIS MELLIFERA L. IN URUGUAY in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1994-05. Non-reproducing Varroa jacobsoni Oud. in honey bee worker cells—status of mites or effect of brood cells? in EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
  • 1992-12. Grooming behaviour ofApis cerana, Apis mellifera andApis dorsata and its effect on the parasitic mitesVarroa jacobsoni andTropilaelaps clareae in EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
  • 1987. REPRODUCTION OF VARROA JACOBSONI DURING SUCCESSIVE BROOD CYCLES OF THE HONEYBEE in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1990. Response of Apis cerana Fabr towards brood infested with Varroa jacobsoni Oud and infestation rate of colonies in Thailand in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1994. Infertility of Varroa jacobsoni females after invasion into Apis mellifera worker brood as a tolerance factor against varroatosis in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1992-12. Cuticular hydrocarbons fromVarroa jacobsoni in EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
  • 1994. Non-reproduction of Varroa jacobsoni in Apis mellifera colonies in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1994-02. Ontogenesis of the mite Varroa jacobsoni Oud. in worker brood of the honeybee Apis mellifera L. under natural conditions in EXPERIMENTAL AND APPLIED ACAROLOGY
  • 1994-05. Behavioral attributes and parental care of Varroa mites parasitizing honeybee brood in BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY AND SOCIOBIOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1006050527004

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1006050527004

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040739550


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