Changes in Heat Index Associated with CO2-Induced Global Warming View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-10

AUTHORS

Thomas L. Delworth, J. D. Mahlman, Thomas R. Knutson

ABSTRACT

Changes in Heat Index (a combined measure of temperature and humidity) associated with global warming are evaluated based on the output from four extended integrations of the GFDL coupled ocean-atmosphere climate model. The four integrations are: a control with constant levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), a second integration in which an estimate of the combined radiative forcing of greenhouse gases and sulfate aerosols over the period 1765–2065 is used to force the model, and a third (fourth) integration in which atmospheric CO2$ increases at the rate of 1% per year to double (quadruple) its initial value, and is held constant thereafter. While the spatial patterns of the changes in Heat Index are largely determined by the changes in surface air temperature, increases in atmospheric moisture can substantially amplify the changes in Heat Index over regions which are warm and humid in the Control integration. The regions most prone to this effect include humid regions of the Tropics and summer hemisphere extra-tropics, including the southeastern United States, India, southeast Asia and northern Australia. More... »

PAGES

369-386

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Climatic Change

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

43

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1005463917086

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1005463917086

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045026777


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