The Radio Plasma Imager investigation on the IMAGE spacecraft View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2000-01

AUTHORS

B.W. Reinisch, D.M. Haines, K. Bibl, G. Cheney, I.A. Galkin, X. Huang, S.H. Myers, G.S. Sales, R.F. Benson, S.F. Fung, J.L. Green, S. Boardsen, W.W.L. Taylor, J.-L. Bougeret, R. Manning, N. Meyer-Vernet, M. Moncuquet, D.L. Carpenter, D.L. Gallagher, P. Reiff

ABSTRACT

Radio plasma imaging uses total reflection of electromagnetic waves from plasmas whose plasma frequencies equal the radio sounding frequency and whose electron density gradients are parallel to the wave normals. The Radio Plasma Imager (RPI) has two orthogonal 500-m long dipole antennas in the spin plane for near omni-directional transmission. The third antenna is a 20-m dipole along the spin axis. Echoes from the magnetopause, plasmasphere and cusp will be received with the three orthogonal antennas, allowing the determination of their angle-of-arrival. Thus it will be possible to create image fragments of the reflecting density structures. The instrument can execute a large variety of programmable measuring options at frequencies between 3 kHz and 3 MHz. Tuning of the transmit antennas provides optimum power transfer from the 10 W transmitter to the antennas. The instrument can operate in three active sounding modes: (1) remote sounding to probe magnetospheric boundaries, (2) local (relaxation) sounding to probe the local plasma frequency and scalar magnetic field, and (3) whistler stimulation sounding. In addition, there is a passive mode to record natural emissions, and to determine the local electron density, the scalar magnetic field, and temperature by using a thermal noise spectroscopy technique. More... »

PAGES

319-359

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2000-01. The IMAGE High-Resolution Data Set in SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
  • 1995-02. The Polar plasma wave instrument in SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
  • 1995-02. WAVES: The radio and plasma wave investigation on the wind spacecraft in SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
  • 1967. Radio-Observations of the Ionosphere in GEOPHYSIK III / GEOPHYSICS III
  • 2000-01. Radio plasma imager simulations and measurements in SPACE SCIENCE REVIEWS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1023/a:1005252602159

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/a:1005252602159

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030682480


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    12 schema:description Radio plasma imaging uses total reflection of electromagnetic waves from plasmas whose plasma frequencies equal the radio sounding frequency and whose electron density gradients are parallel to the wave normals. The Radio Plasma Imager (RPI) has two orthogonal 500-m long dipole antennas in the spin plane for near omni-directional transmission. The third antenna is a 20-m dipole along the spin axis. Echoes from the magnetopause, plasmasphere and cusp will be received with the three orthogonal antennas, allowing the determination of their angle-of-arrival. Thus it will be possible to create image fragments of the reflecting density structures. The instrument can execute a large variety of programmable measuring options at frequencies between 3 kHz and 3 MHz. Tuning of the transmit antennas provides optimum power transfer from the 10 W transmitter to the antennas. The instrument can operate in three active sounding modes: (1) remote sounding to probe magnetospheric boundaries, (2) local (relaxation) sounding to probe the local plasma frequency and scalar magnetic field, and (3) whistler stimulation sounding. In addition, there is a passive mode to record natural emissions, and to determine the local electron density, the scalar magnetic field, and temperature by using a thermal noise spectroscopy technique.
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    19 MHz
    20 Radio Plasma Imager
    21 W transmitter
    22 addition
    23 angle
    24 antenna
    25 arrival
    26 axis
    27 boundaries
    28 cusp
    29 density
    30 density gradient
    31 density structure
    32 determination
    33 dipole
    34 dipole antenna
    35 echoes
    36 electromagnetic waves
    37 electron density
    38 electron density gradient
    39 emission
    40 field
    41 fragments
    42 frequency
    43 gradient
    44 image fragments
    45 imager
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    47 instrument
    48 investigation
    49 large variety
    50 local electron density
    51 local plasma frequency
    52 long dipole antenna
    53 magnetic field
    54 magnetopause
    55 magnetospheric boundary
    56 mode
    57 natural emissions
    58 noise spectroscopy technique
    59 normals
    60 omni-directional transmission
    61 optimum power transfer
    62 options
    63 orthogonal antennas
    64 passive mode
    65 plane
    66 plasma
    67 plasma frequency
    68 plasma imaging
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    70 power transfer
    71 radio
    72 reflection
    73 scalar magnetic field
    74 spacecraft
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    76 spin axis
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    78 stimulation
    79 structure
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    81 temperature
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