Interspecific Competition Between Parasitoids of the Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera Frugiperda (J. E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1991-08

AUTHORS

Rohan H. S. Rajapakse, Tom R. Ashley, H. Waddill

ABSTRACT

Interspecific competition within larvae of the fall army worm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), by the larval parasitoids, Cotesia (= Apanteles) marginiventris Cresson and Microplitis manilae Ashmead, and the egg-larval parasitoid Chelonus insularis Cresson was studied. Chelonus insularis was not able to compete successfully against Cotesia marginiventris, but was a successful competitor against Microplitis manilae. Multiple parasitization of larvae by either Cotesia marginiventris or Microplitis manilae, which as eggs were parasitized by Chelonus insularis, did not result in additional host mortality. Percentage parasitization under greenhouse conditions by Cotesia marginiventris of larvae parasitized previously by Chelonus insularis was two-fold higher in corn compared to sorghum and more than four-fold higher compared to Bermuda grass and itch grass. The host finding and behavioural sequence of oviposition of Cotesia marginiventris in FAW larvae already parasitized by Chelonus insularis consisted of nine steps. Microplitis manilae females changed their behaviour significantly by displaying a reduction of ca. fifty per cent in host examinations, 45% in ovipositor probes, and 55% in apparent ovipositions when Chelonus insularis parasitized larvae were presented. Cotesia marginiventris and Microplitis manilae exhibited no significant behavioural changes in the per cent contacts, examinations and apparent ovipositions when attacking larvae parasitized previously by either Cotesia marginiventris or Microplitis manilae. More... »

PAGES

473-480

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1982-01. Life history of insect parasitoids involved in successful multiparasitism in OECOLOGIA
  • 1977. Quality Aspects of Mass-Reared Insects in BIOLOGICAL CONTROL BY AUGMENTATION OF NATURAL ENEMIES
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1017/s1742758400011383

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s1742758400011383

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