Natural Enemies of Certain Tea Pests Occurring in Southern India View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1988-10

AUTHORS

N. Muraleedharan, R. Selvasundaram, B. Radhakrishnan

ABSTRACT

In southern India, the principal tea pests such as the mites, Acaphylla theae, Calacarus carinatus and Oligonychus coffeae; the thrips, Scirtothrips bispinosus; the aphid, Toxoptera aurantii; and the caterpillars, Caloptilia theivora, Homona coffearia and Cydia leucostoma are attacked by many natural enemies. H. coffearia is efficiently controlled by the ichneumonid, Phytodietus sp., and the tachinid, Palexorista solennis, whilst the eulophid, Sympiesis dolichogaster, affords excellent regulation of C. theivora. The braconid, Apanteles aristaeus, is the chief parasitoid of C. leucostoma, but the efficiency of this species is rather low. The aphiidids, Aphidius colemani, Lipolexis scuttellaris and Trioxys indicus, and several species of coccinellids and syrphids exert tremendous influence on the populations of T. aurantii. No natural enemies of the scolytid stem borer, Xyleborus fornicatus, could be recorded. For the management of mites, pesticides are applied regularly and the widespread usage of broad spectrum acaricides such as dicofol and sulphur is an important reason for the low incidence of predatory mites in tea fields. Dans l'Inde du sud, les pestes principales du thé les acariens, A. theae, C. carinatus et O. coffeae; le thripse, S. bispinosus; l'aphide, T. aurantii; et les chenilles, C. theivora, H. coffearia et C. leucostoma sont attaguées par beaucoup d'ennemis naturels. H. coffearia est controlé effectivement par l'ichneumonide (Phytodietus sp.) et le tachinide. Palexorista solennis, tandis que l'eulophide, S. dolichogaster donne un excellent control de C. theivora. Le braconide, A. aristaeus est le parasitoid principale de C. leucostoma, mais l'éfficacité de cette éspèce est plutôt en bas. Les aphidides, A. colemani, L. scutellaris et T. indicus et beaucoup d'autres éspèces de conninellides et syrphides ont une grande influence sur les populations de T. aurantii. Cependant on n'a pas fus retronver les ennemis naturels de scolytide, Xyleborus. À controler les acariens, des pesticides sont appliquées regulièrement. L'usage génèral de dicophol et soufre est une raison importante pour la basse incidence des acariens prédatoires dans les jardins du thé. More... »

PAGES

647-654

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s1742758400005166

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030155948


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0602", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Ecology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.465112.5", 
          "name": [
            "UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Muraleedharan", 
        "givenName": "N.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01224210661.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224210661.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.465112.5", 
          "name": [
            "UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Selvasundaram", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.465112.5", 
          "name": [
            "UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Radhakrishnan", 
        "givenName": "B.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015025311052.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015025311052.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1988-10", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1988-10-01", 
    "description": "In southern India, the principal tea pests such as the mites, Acaphylla theae, Calacarus carinatus and Oligonychus coffeae; the thrips, Scirtothrips bispinosus; the aphid, Toxoptera aurantii; and the caterpillars, Caloptilia theivora, Homona coffearia and Cydia leucostoma are attacked by many natural enemies. H. coffearia is efficiently controlled by the ichneumonid, Phytodietus sp., and the tachinid, Palexorista solennis, whilst the eulophid, Sympiesis dolichogaster, affords excellent regulation of C. theivora. The braconid, Apanteles aristaeus, is the chief parasitoid of C. leucostoma, but the efficiency of this species is rather low. The aphiidids, Aphidius colemani, Lipolexis scuttellaris and Trioxys indicus, and several species of coccinellids and syrphids exert tremendous influence on the populations of T. aurantii. No natural enemies of the scolytid stem borer, Xyleborus fornicatus, could be recorded. For the management of mites, pesticides are applied regularly and the widespread usage of broad spectrum acaricides such as dicofol and sulphur is an important reason for the low incidence of predatory mites in tea fields. Dans l'Inde du sud, les pestes principales du th\u00e9 les acariens, A. theae, C. carinatus et O. coffeae; le thripse, S. bispinosus; l'aphide, T. aurantii; et les chenilles, C. theivora, H. coffearia et C. leucostoma sont attagu\u00e9es par beaucoup d'ennemis naturels. H. coffearia est control\u00e9 effectivement par l'ichneumonide (Phytodietus sp.) et le tachinide. Palexorista solennis, tandis que l'eulophide, S. dolichogaster donne un excellent control de C. theivora. Le braconide, A. aristaeus est le parasitoid principale de C. leucostoma, mais l'\u00e9fficacit\u00e9 de cette \u00e9sp\u00e8ce est plut\u00f4t en bas. Les aphidides, A. colemani, L. scutellaris et T. indicus et beaucoup d'autres \u00e9sp\u00e8ces de conninellides et syrphides ont une grande influence sur les populations de T. aurantii. Cependant on n'a pas fus retronver les ennemis naturels de scolytide, Xyleborus. \u00c0 controler les acariens, des pesticides sont appliqu\u00e9es reguli\u00e8rement. L'usage g\u00e9n\u00e8ral de dicophol et soufre est une raison importante pour la basse incidence des acariens pr\u00e9datoires dans les jardins du th\u00e9.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1374185", 
        "issn": [
          "1742-7584", 
          "1742-7592"
        ], 
        "name": "International Journal of Tropical Insect Science", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "9"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "natural enemies", 
      "tea pests", 
      "species of coccinellids", 
      "Aphidius colemani", 
      "predatory mites", 
      "stem borer", 
      "leucostoma", 
      "Toxoptera aurantii", 
      "bispinosus", 
      "theivora", 
      "colemani", 
      "Oligonychus coffeae", 
      "aurantii", 
      "pests", 
      "coffeae", 
      "theae", 
      "mites", 
      "enemies", 
      "species", 
      "southern India", 
      "braconid", 
      "Xyleborus", 
      "coccinellids", 
      "ichneumonid", 
      "tea fields", 
      "parasitoids", 
      "aphids", 
      "tachinid", 
      "ESTs", 
      "caterpillars", 
      "thrips", 
      "excellent control", 
      "fornicatus", 
      "sp", 
      "borer", 
      "carinatus", 
      "regulation", 
      "indicus", 
      "excellent regulation", 
      "acaricides", 
      "pesticides", 
      "et les", 
      "population", 
      "India", 
      "dicofol", 
      "management", 
      "important reason", 
      "sulfur", 
      "control", 
      "efficiency", 
      "et", 
      "widespread usage", 
      "tremendous influence", 
      "lower incidence", 
      "LE", 
      "chenille", 
      "field", 
      "de", 
      "naturel", 
      "influence", 
      "usage", 
      "Ba", 
      "incidence", 
      "reasons", 
      "DU", 
      "SUD", 
      "controler", 
      "Aristaeus", 
      "Xyleborus fornicatus"
    ], 
    "name": "Natural Enemies of Certain Tea Pests Occurring in Southern India", 
    "pagination": "647-654", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1030155948"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1017/s1742758400005166"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1742758400005166", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030155948"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-10T09:42", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220509/entities/gbq_results/article/article_210.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1742758400005166"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

140 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      95 URIs      87 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1017/s1742758400005166 schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0602
3 schema:author N09aed1cc8dab4f56bd82d7f781636c14
4 schema:datePublished 1988-10
5 schema:datePublishedReg 1988-10-01
6 schema:description In southern India, the principal tea pests such as the mites, Acaphylla theae, Calacarus carinatus and Oligonychus coffeae; the thrips, Scirtothrips bispinosus; the aphid, Toxoptera aurantii; and the caterpillars, Caloptilia theivora, Homona coffearia and Cydia leucostoma are attacked by many natural enemies. H. coffearia is efficiently controlled by the ichneumonid, Phytodietus sp., and the tachinid, Palexorista solennis, whilst the eulophid, Sympiesis dolichogaster, affords excellent regulation of C. theivora. The braconid, Apanteles aristaeus, is the chief parasitoid of C. leucostoma, but the efficiency of this species is rather low. The aphiidids, Aphidius colemani, Lipolexis scuttellaris and Trioxys indicus, and several species of coccinellids and syrphids exert tremendous influence on the populations of T. aurantii. No natural enemies of the scolytid stem borer, Xyleborus fornicatus, could be recorded. For the management of mites, pesticides are applied regularly and the widespread usage of broad spectrum acaricides such as dicofol and sulphur is an important reason for the low incidence of predatory mites in tea fields. Dans l'Inde du sud, les pestes principales du thé les acariens, A. theae, C. carinatus et O. coffeae; le thripse, S. bispinosus; l'aphide, T. aurantii; et les chenilles, C. theivora, H. coffearia et C. leucostoma sont attaguées par beaucoup d'ennemis naturels. H. coffearia est controlé effectivement par l'ichneumonide (Phytodietus sp.) et le tachinide. Palexorista solennis, tandis que l'eulophide, S. dolichogaster donne un excellent control de C. theivora. Le braconide, A. aristaeus est le parasitoid principale de C. leucostoma, mais l'éfficacité de cette éspèce est plutôt en bas. Les aphidides, A. colemani, L. scutellaris et T. indicus et beaucoup d'autres éspèces de conninellides et syrphides ont une grande influence sur les populations de T. aurantii. Cependant on n'a pas fus retronver les ennemis naturels de scolytide, Xyleborus. À controler les acariens, des pesticides sont appliquées regulièrement. L'usage génèral de dicophol et soufre est une raison importante pour la basse incidence des acariens prédatoires dans les jardins du thé.
7 schema:genre article
8 schema:inLanguage en
9 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
10 schema:isPartOf N1d1e95ed96d94a23b8cb9592d83256ec
11 Nd3739f51918d4f5cb2b39c3fe8f5bf27
12 sg:journal.1374185
13 schema:keywords Aphidius colemani
14 Aristaeus
15 Ba
16 DU
17 ESTs
18 India
19 LE
20 Oligonychus coffeae
21 SUD
22 Toxoptera aurantii
23 Xyleborus
24 Xyleborus fornicatus
25 acaricides
26 aphids
27 aurantii
28 bispinosus
29 borer
30 braconid
31 carinatus
32 caterpillars
33 chenille
34 coccinellids
35 coffeae
36 colemani
37 control
38 controler
39 de
40 dicofol
41 efficiency
42 enemies
43 et
44 et les
45 excellent control
46 excellent regulation
47 field
48 fornicatus
49 ichneumonid
50 important reason
51 incidence
52 indicus
53 influence
54 leucostoma
55 lower incidence
56 management
57 mites
58 natural enemies
59 naturel
60 parasitoids
61 pesticides
62 pests
63 population
64 predatory mites
65 reasons
66 regulation
67 southern India
68 sp
69 species
70 species of coccinellids
71 stem borer
72 sulfur
73 tachinid
74 tea fields
75 tea pests
76 theae
77 theivora
78 thrips
79 tremendous influence
80 usage
81 widespread usage
82 schema:name Natural Enemies of Certain Tea Pests Occurring in Southern India
83 schema:pagination 647-654
84 schema:productId Nb82a9980fc2f41fa865b5d98485f28dd
85 Nd38664cf1c834b46a494ce73d2d4a034
86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030155948
87 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1742758400005166
88 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-10T09:42
89 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
90 schema:sdPublisher N9756f06c40fe4adeb516cf663914a7aa
91 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1017/s1742758400005166
92 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
93 sgo:sdDataset articles
94 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
95 N09aed1cc8dab4f56bd82d7f781636c14 rdf:first sg:person.01224210661.88
96 rdf:rest N2cca7214f5424bd39e7172c886015c80
97 N0a143a92d367483daa3a0dadb8e73d0f rdf:first sg:person.015025311052.55
98 rdf:rest rdf:nil
99 N0c31a91769444083aec08657309616c3 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.465112.5
100 schema:familyName Selvasundaram
101 schema:givenName R.
102 rdf:type schema:Person
103 N1d1e95ed96d94a23b8cb9592d83256ec schema:issueNumber 5
104 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
105 N2cca7214f5424bd39e7172c886015c80 rdf:first N0c31a91769444083aec08657309616c3
106 rdf:rest N0a143a92d367483daa3a0dadb8e73d0f
107 N9756f06c40fe4adeb516cf663914a7aa schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
108 rdf:type schema:Organization
109 Nb82a9980fc2f41fa865b5d98485f28dd schema:name dimensions_id
110 schema:value pub.1030155948
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 Nd3739f51918d4f5cb2b39c3fe8f5bf27 schema:volumeNumber 9
113 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
114 Nd38664cf1c834b46a494ce73d2d4a034 schema:name doi
115 schema:value 10.1017/s1742758400005166
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
118 schema:name Biological Sciences
119 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
120 anzsrc-for:0602 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
121 schema:name Ecology
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 sg:journal.1374185 schema:issn 1742-7584
124 1742-7592
125 schema:name International Journal of Tropical Insect Science
126 schema:publisher Springer Nature
127 rdf:type schema:Periodical
128 sg:person.01224210661.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.465112.5
129 schema:familyName Muraleedharan
130 schema:givenName N.
131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01224210661.88
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 sg:person.015025311052.55 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.465112.5
134 schema:familyName Radhakrishnan
135 schema:givenName B.
136 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015025311052.55
137 rdf:type schema:Person
138 grid-institutes:grid.465112.5 schema:alternateName UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India
139 schema:name UPASI Tea Research Institute, Nirar Dam B.O. Valparai 642 127, Coimbatore District, India
140 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...