Mechanical consequences of short gastric vessel division at the time of laparoscopic total fundoplication View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-08

AUTHORS

Cecilia Engström, Anne Blomqvist, Jan Dalenbäck, Hans Lönroth, Magnus Ruth, Lars Lundell

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is currently the most commonly practiced antireflux operation. Some adverse consequences of the operation remain in the form of mechanical side effects, labeled postfundoplication complaints, of which dysphagia and gas bloat seem to predominate. Measures have been suggested to counteract some of these and one frequently advocated has been division of the short gastric vessels to create a short-floppy wrap. The advantages of this are still debated, particularly in the long-term perspective. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mechanical consequences of dividing all short gastric vessels at the time of a laparoscopic total fundoplication. Ninety-nine patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) were originally allocated on a random basis to have either all short gastric vessels divided or left intact at the time of a laparoscopic total fundoplication. A subsample of these patients, again selected at random, were recruited for a comprehensive manometric investigation 1 year after the operation. In this cohort, 12 patients had all short gastrics divided and in 12 patients, the wrap was done with intact vessels by use of the anterior portion of the fundus. Manometry was carried out by the use of a sleeve sensor to straddle the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), and gastric distension (750 ml air) was used to trigger transient LES relaxations (TLESR). The basal LES tone was similar in the two groups (14.2 +/- 2.4 and 18.8 +/- 4.3, mean +/- SE), respectively. Accordingly, all other relevant manometric variables were equal when the two groups were compared, except for the total number of TLESRs (triggered by gastric distension by air) that were significantly higher (p < 0.02) in patients having their short gastric vessels intact. Consequently, numerically more common cavities were recorded in the latter group. Very similar outcomes in terms of motor function of the LES and esophageal body were observed after a total fundoplication irrespective of whether a complete division of all gastric vessels had been carried out or not. However, after gastric distension with air, more TLESRs were recorded in the latter group suggesting a better maintained ability to vent air from the stomach. More... »

PAGES

442-447

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1016/j.gassur.2004.02.001

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gassur.2004.02.001

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004593461

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15120369


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