Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life After Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty for Aseptic Loosening View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-03-02

AUTHORS

Yuichi Kuroda, Shinya Hayashi, Shingo Hashimoto, Tomoyuki Matsumoto, Koji Takayama, Ryosuke Kuroda

ABSTRACT

BackgroundFew studies have investigated the relationships between preoperative or intraoperative patient factors and postoperative quality of life (QOL) after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of our study was to identify the predictors of QOL after revision THA for aseptic loosening.Materials and MethodsFifty-one patients who underwent revision THA for aseptic loosening were included in the present study. Preoperative hip function was evaluated using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. The patients' QOL after surgery was evaluated with EuroQol 5D (EQ-5D) assessment at the end of the 2-year follow-up. The patients were then divided into two groups: good QOL (score ≥ 0.6) and poor QOL (score < 0.6). Predictive factors (i.e., age, BMI, preoperative JOA score, and the degree of acetabular bone defect according to the Paprosky classification) were compared between both QOL groups. Furthermore, multiple linear regression was performed to assess independent factors affecting the QOL.ResultsSignificant differences between the good and poor QOL groups were identified for BMI, walking ability, and severity of acetabular bone defect (BMI: 21.5 ± 2.9 vs. 24.1 ± 4.3, P = 0.0331; walking ability: 11.5 ± 5.0 vs. 5.5 ± 4.9, P = 0.0058; acetabular bone defect: 44.4% vs. 81.0%, P = 0.0103). The walking ability independently affected the EQ-5D utility score.ConclusionsThe present study indicates that a higher BMI, lower walking ability, and more severe acetabular bone defect are predictors of lower QOL after revision THA for aseptic loosening. In particular, the walking ability was the only independent factor. Thus, surgeons should pay attention to the postoperative management of patients with these risk factors. More... »

PAGES

463-468

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s43465-020-00057-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43465-020-00057-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1125327797

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32549961


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