Effect of CaO/Al2O3 ratio on viscosity and structure of CaO–Al2O3-based fluoride-free mould fluxes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-19

AUTHORS

Qi Wang, Ji-an Yang, Chen Zhang, De-xiang Cai, Jian-qiang Zhang, Oleg Ostrovski

ABSTRACT

The effects of CaO/Al2O3 ratio on viscosity and structure of the CaO-Al2O3-based fluoride-free mould fluxes were investigated with the CaO/Al2O3 ratio varied from 1 to 4 and the content of SiO2 fixed at 7 wt.%. The increase in the CaO/Al2O3 ratio from 1 to 2 lowered the viscosity of the flux melts. The viscosity increased slightly with the CaO/Al2O3 ratio from 2 to 3, and this increase became significant with further increasing CaO/Al2O3 ratio to 4. Both break temperature and apparent activation energy were found to be increased with the increase in CaO/Al2O3 ratio from 2 to 4. There was no break temperature available in the flux with CaO/Al2O3 ratio of 1. Changing the CaO/Al2O3 ratio from 1 to 2 decreased the apparent activation energy. Equilibrium phases of the fluxes were calculated using FactSage 7.1 and the major phases were found to be varied with the CaO/Al2O3 ratio. Structures of tested mould fluxes were analysed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that the increase in the CaO/Al2O3 ratio from 1 to 2 decreased the complexity of the structure, leading to a reduced viscosity. With the increase in the CaO/Al2O3 ratio from 2 to 4, both solid phase precipitation and melt structure contributed to the variation of viscosity. More... »

PAGES

1-11

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s42243-019-00248-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42243-019-00248-4

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112880380


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