A Cilia-inspired Closed-loop Sensor-actuator Array View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-05

AUTHORS

James G. H. Whiting, Richard Mayne, Chris Melhuish, Andrew Adamatzky

ABSTRACT

Cilia are finger-like cell-surface organelles that are used by certain varieties of aquatic unicellular organisms for motility, sensing and object manipulation. Initiated by internal generators and external mechanical and chemical stimuli, coordinated undulations of cilia lead to the motion of a fluid surrounding the organism. This motion transports micro-particles towards an oral cavity and provides motile force. Inspired by the emergent properties of cilia possessed by the pond organism P. caudatum, we propose a novel smart surface with closed-loop control using sensor-actuators pairings that can manipulate objects. Each vibrating motor actuator is controlled by a localised microcontroller which utilises proximity sensor information to initiate actuation. The circuit boards are designed to be plug-and-play and are infinitely up-scalable and reconfigurable. The smart surface is capable of moving objects at a speed of 7.2 millimetres per second in forward or reverse direction. Further development of this platform will include more anatomically similar biomimetic cilia and control. More... »

PAGES

526-532

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014. Metachronal Waves in Cellular Automata: Cilia-Like Manipulation in Actuator Arrays in NATURE INSPIRED COOPERATIVE STRATEGIES FOR OPTIMIZATION (NICSO 2013)
  • 2008-06. Structure and function of mammalian cilia in HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY
  • 2007. The Evolution of Eukaryotic Cilia and Flagella as Motile and Sensory Organelles in EUKARYOTIC MEMBRANES AND CYTOSKELETON
  • 2008-12. Biomimetic Cilia Based on MEMS Technology in JOURNAL OF BIONIC ENGINEERING
  • 1993-10. Orienting polygonal parts without sensors in ALGORITHMICA
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s42235-018-0043-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42235-018-0043-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104100724


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