Modalities of Abduction: a Philosophy of Science-Based Investigation of Abduction View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12-05

AUTHORS

Jeppe Olsen, Alexander Gjerding

ABSTRACT

In this article, we investigate the notion of abduction, as it relates to and can be applied in scientific research. We investigate abduction through philosophy of science and the purpose is to survey some of the way abduction can be used in scientific research to the same extent as in- and deduction can be used. First, we perform a walkthrough of an illustrative sample of literature, which suggests that abduction is an ambiguously used concept, and that abduction is often defined much narrower than in- or deduction. We then proceed to give an outline of the most vital treatments of abduction in modern times, and we try to define various modalities of abduction, both as an autonomous research strategy and inference type, but also in relation and contrast to in- and deduction. The article ends with some perspectives on philosophy of science in relation to abduction, and some suggestions for applications of abduction in the different sciences. More... »

PAGES

1-24

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s42087-018-0044-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s42087-018-0044-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1110378926


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50 schema:description In this article, we investigate the notion of abduction, as it relates to and can be applied in scientific research. We investigate abduction through philosophy of science and the purpose is to survey some of the way abduction can be used in scientific research to the same extent as in- and deduction can be used. First, we perform a walkthrough of an illustrative sample of literature, which suggests that abduction is an ambiguously used concept, and that abduction is often defined much narrower than in- or deduction. We then proceed to give an outline of the most vital treatments of abduction in modern times, and we try to define various modalities of abduction, both as an autonomous research strategy and inference type, but also in relation and contrast to in- and deduction. The article ends with some perspectives on philosophy of science in relation to abduction, and some suggestions for applications of abduction in the different sciences.
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