An Investigation of Engineering Design Cognition and Achievement in Primary School View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

Greg J. Strimel, Scott R. Bartholomew, Eunhye Kim, Liwei Zhang

ABSTRACT

This study examined the design cognition and achievement results of both kindergarten and fourth grade students engaged in engineering design-based instructional activities. Relationships between design cognition and student grade level, as well as quality of student work, were investigated. 30 concurrent think-aloud protocols were collected from individual primary students as they worked in groups to design and make a solution to a design task. The concurrent think-aloud protocols were examined and coded to determine the duration of time the participants devoted to a pre-established set of mental processes for technological problem solving. Significant differences between kindergarten and fourth grade participants were found in the amount of time various cognitive processes were employed. Fourth grade students dedicated significantly more time to the mental processes of Creating, Defining Problems, Measuring, and Testing than kindergarten students. In addition, when examining the think-aloud protocols along with the evaluations of the participant’s design work, it was found that more time devoted to the cognitive process of Managing could be a significant predictor of lower design achievement. These findings can highlight potential areas for improving educational practice based on the cognitive abilities of students at different grade levels and the quality of their design work. As engineering design-based activities become more prevalent for the teaching of STEM-related content and practices, the results of this research, and the employed methodology, may demonstrate a promising practice for better understanding and assessing such education efforts. More... »

PAGES

1-29

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-06. The advantage of simple symbols for learning and transfer in BULLETIN OF THE PSYCHONOMIC SOCIETY
  • 2012-05. Evolving project e-scape for national assessment in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION
  • 2019-03. Using adaptive comparative judgment for student formative feedback and learning during a middle school design project in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION
  • 2015-11. Concurrent think-aloud protocols to assess elementary design students in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN EDUCATION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107901260


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Purdue University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e", 
              "name": [
                "Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Strimel", 
            "givenName": "Greg J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011153306207.90", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011153306207.90"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Purdue University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e", 
              "name": [
                "Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bartholomew", 
            "givenName": "Scott R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014766315750.55", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014766315750.55"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Purdue University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e", 
              "name": [
                "Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Eunhye", 
            "id": "sg:person.014504035514.13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014504035514.13"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Purdue University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e", 
              "name": [
                "Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhang", 
            "givenName": "Liwei", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2004.06.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003990107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1998.tb00332.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005796837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/inst.20101338", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011665539"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-014-9291-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021336013", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-014-9291-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2006.01.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026446120"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb00061.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030128271"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2005.tb00832.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031008438"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3758/bf03193796", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031018637", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03193796"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-011-9190-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033039603", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-011-9190-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/074793601750357196", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037105168"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20105", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038501846"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1997.tb00260.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045509221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00096.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049063158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00096.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049063158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0010-0285(02)00519-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050727904"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb01125.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053597330"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.11613/bm.2012.031", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063347969"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.21061/jots.v26i2.a.6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906301"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v20i1.a.4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906667"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v24i2.a.5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906715"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v25i2.a.4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906727"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2505/4/sc15_052_07_80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070863641"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1078", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074046495"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1078", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074046495"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074046510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1102", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074046510"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1109/fie.2011.6142816", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094561446"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.18260/p.26504", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099080722"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446280591", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099297816"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446280591", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099297816"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100822005", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100822005", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v28i2.a.5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100956528"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.30707/jste47.2kelley", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107594378"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.30707/jste50.1grubbs", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107656105"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2018-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2018-12-01", 
        "description": "This study examined the design cognition and achievement results of both kindergarten and fourth grade students engaged in engineering design-based instructional activities. Relationships between design cognition and student grade level, as well as quality of student work, were investigated. 30 concurrent think-aloud protocols were collected from individual primary students as they worked in groups to design and make a solution to a design task. The concurrent think-aloud protocols were examined and coded to determine the duration of time the participants devoted to a pre-established set of mental processes for technological problem solving. Significant differences between kindergarten and fourth grade participants were found in the amount of time various cognitive processes were employed. Fourth grade students dedicated significantly more time to the mental processes of Creating, Defining Problems, Measuring, and Testing than kindergarten students. In addition, when examining the think-aloud protocols along with the evaluations of the participant\u2019s design work, it was found that more time devoted to the cognitive process of Managing could be a significant predictor of lower design achievement. These findings can highlight potential areas for improving educational practice based on the cognitive abilities of students at different grade levels and the quality of their design work. As engineering design-based activities become more prevalent for the teaching of STEM-related content and practices, the results of this research, and the employed methodology, may demonstrate a promising practice for better understanding and assessing such education efforts.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1320461", 
            "issn": [
              "2520-8705", 
              "2520-8713"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal for STEM Education Research", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "An Investigation of Engineering Design Cognition and Achievement in Primary School", 
        "pagination": "1-29", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "4b485ec8f7a28dab2efd7f822c85657f76f3a962d92ec57e3b12ab65b0d038d9"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1107901260"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107901260"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:19", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8660_00000572.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs41979-018-0008-0"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    169 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      55 URIs      17 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:17
    2 anzsrc-for:1701
    3 schema:author N0a1b57049ad54fe98ff8b0ae98ac7415
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-011-9190-4
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-014-9291-y
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7
    7 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03193796
    8 https://doi.org/10.1002/inst.20101338
    9 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1997.tb00260.x
    10 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1998.tb00332.x
    11 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2005.tb00832.x
    12 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb00061.x
    13 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb01125.x
    14 https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20105
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2004.06.002
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2006.01.001
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0010-0285(02)00519-4
    18 https://doi.org/10.1109/fie.2011.6142816
    19 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00096.x
    20 https://doi.org/10.11613/bm.2012.031
    21 https://doi.org/10.1162/074793601750357196
    22 https://doi.org/10.18260/p.26504
    23 https://doi.org/10.21061/jots.v26i2.a.6
    24 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v20i1.a.4
    25 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v24i2.a.5
    26 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v25i2.a.4
    27 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v28i2.a.5
    28 https://doi.org/10.2505/4/sc15_052_07_80
    29 https://doi.org/10.30707/jste47.2kelley
    30 https://doi.org/10.30707/jste50.1grubbs
    31 https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446280591
    32 https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1078
    33 https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1102
    34 schema:datePublished 2018-12
    35 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-12-01
    36 schema:description This study examined the design cognition and achievement results of both kindergarten and fourth grade students engaged in engineering design-based instructional activities. Relationships between design cognition and student grade level, as well as quality of student work, were investigated. 30 concurrent think-aloud protocols were collected from individual primary students as they worked in groups to design and make a solution to a design task. The concurrent think-aloud protocols were examined and coded to determine the duration of time the participants devoted to a pre-established set of mental processes for technological problem solving. Significant differences between kindergarten and fourth grade participants were found in the amount of time various cognitive processes were employed. Fourth grade students dedicated significantly more time to the mental processes of Creating, Defining Problems, Measuring, and Testing than kindergarten students. In addition, when examining the think-aloud protocols along with the evaluations of the participant’s design work, it was found that more time devoted to the cognitive process of Managing could be a significant predictor of lower design achievement. These findings can highlight potential areas for improving educational practice based on the cognitive abilities of students at different grade levels and the quality of their design work. As engineering design-based activities become more prevalent for the teaching of STEM-related content and practices, the results of this research, and the employed methodology, may demonstrate a promising practice for better understanding and assessing such education efforts.
    37 schema:genre research_article
    38 schema:inLanguage en
    39 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    40 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1320461
    41 schema:name An Investigation of Engineering Design Cognition and Achievement in Primary School
    42 schema:pagination 1-29
    43 schema:productId N3f23966f2dd346efa26e9a57b70daa7d
    44 Ne03f213eec1c4b9b9ece1dcb4f50751b
    45 Ne0d099c1a2f948049d0e02f3b0688832
    46 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107901260
    47 https://doi.org/10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0
    48 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:19
    49 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    50 schema:sdPublisher Nc04f7a723b374556ae88b0b77f099b8a
    51 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs41979-018-0008-0
    52 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    53 sgo:sdDataset articles
    54 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    55 N0a1b57049ad54fe98ff8b0ae98ac7415 rdf:first sg:person.011153306207.90
    56 rdf:rest N5765d725f4ad49cba3afc5f4fb77f0f2
    57 N1be2e38ead4f4a568cc93b81cc6d3151 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e
    58 schema:familyName Zhang
    59 schema:givenName Liwei
    60 rdf:type schema:Person
    61 N3f23966f2dd346efa26e9a57b70daa7d schema:name dimensions_id
    62 schema:value pub.1107901260
    63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    64 N5765d725f4ad49cba3afc5f4fb77f0f2 rdf:first sg:person.014766315750.55
    65 rdf:rest Nf47f9708b4aa46b884641b839a04b16c
    66 Na87a6bcd39074b159372433bc9d10c1e rdf:first N1be2e38ead4f4a568cc93b81cc6d3151
    67 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    68 Nc04f7a723b374556ae88b0b77f099b8a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    69 rdf:type schema:Organization
    70 Ne03f213eec1c4b9b9ece1dcb4f50751b schema:name readcube_id
    71 schema:value 4b485ec8f7a28dab2efd7f822c85657f76f3a962d92ec57e3b12ab65b0d038d9
    72 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    73 Ne0d099c1a2f948049d0e02f3b0688832 schema:name doi
    74 schema:value 10.1007/s41979-018-0008-0
    75 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    76 Nf47f9708b4aa46b884641b839a04b16c rdf:first sg:person.014504035514.13
    77 rdf:rest Na87a6bcd39074b159372433bc9d10c1e
    78 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    79 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
    80 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    81 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    82 schema:name Psychology
    83 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    84 sg:journal.1320461 schema:issn 2520-8705
    85 2520-8713
    86 schema:name Journal for STEM Education Research
    87 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    88 sg:person.011153306207.90 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e
    89 schema:familyName Strimel
    90 schema:givenName Greg J.
    91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011153306207.90
    92 rdf:type schema:Person
    93 sg:person.014504035514.13 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e
    94 schema:familyName Kim
    95 schema:givenName Eunhye
    96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014504035514.13
    97 rdf:type schema:Person
    98 sg:person.014766315750.55 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e
    99 schema:familyName Bartholomew
    100 schema:givenName Scott R.
    101 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014766315750.55
    102 rdf:type schema:Person
    103 sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-011-9190-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033039603
    104 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-011-9190-4
    105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    106 sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-014-9291-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021336013
    107 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-014-9291-y
    108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    109 sg:pub.10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100822005
    110 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10798-018-9442-7
    111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    112 sg:pub.10.3758/bf03193796 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031018637
    113 https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03193796
    114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    115 https://doi.org/10.1002/inst.20101338 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011665539
    116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    117 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1997.tb00260.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045509221
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.1998.tb00332.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005796837
    120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    121 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2005.tb00832.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031008438
    122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    123 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb00061.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030128271
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2012.tb01125.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053597330
    126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    127 https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038501846
    128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    129 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2004.06.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003990107
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.destud.2006.01.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026446120
    132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    133 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0010-0285(02)00519-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050727904
    134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    135 https://doi.org/10.1109/fie.2011.6142816 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1094561446
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00096.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049063158
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 https://doi.org/10.11613/bm.2012.031 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063347969
    140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    141 https://doi.org/10.1162/074793601750357196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037105168
    142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    143 https://doi.org/10.18260/p.26504 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099080722
    144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    145 https://doi.org/10.21061/jots.v26i2.a.6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906301
    146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    147 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v20i1.a.4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906667
    148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    149 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v24i2.a.5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906715
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v25i2.a.4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068906727
    152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    153 https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v28i2.a.5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100956528
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 https://doi.org/10.2505/4/sc15_052_07_80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070863641
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 https://doi.org/10.30707/jste47.2kelley schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107594378
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 https://doi.org/10.30707/jste50.1grubbs schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107656105
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446280591 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099297816
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1078 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074046495
    164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    165 https://doi.org/10.7771/2157-9288.1102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074046510
    166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    167 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.169077.e schema:alternateName Purdue University
    168 schema:name Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
    169 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...