Resorbierbare Implantate in der Unfallchirurgie View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-07-25

AUTHORS

Nicole Gabriele Grün, Nicholas Donohue, Patrick Holweg, Annelie-Martina Weinberg

ABSTRACT

Bioresorbable implants are currently one of the main goals in orthopedic and trauma surgery. The advantages are apparent: potentially difficult implant removal operations are unnecessary, thereby avoiding complications. A growing number of patients exhibit metal sensitivity to implants, the long-term consequences of which remain to be determined. Additionally, there is an ethical requirement, that every person should reach old age undamaged and be completely restored following injury.As a result, resorbable implants such as PLLA/PLGA are being used more frequently, although their brittleness makes them unsuitable for load-bearing fracture stabilization. Composites and bioceramics face similar problems. All of these synthetic bone substitutes are highly biocompatible, but only suitable for use in nonload-bearing regions. Magnesium implants have been an alternative for a long time, although until now, they had the disadvantage that degradation could not be controlled sufficiently and the resulting pit corrosion lead to gas formation during degradation. Despite this gas formation, studies have shown a very high, complete healing rate, which is caused by the excellent, proven osteoinduction of magnesium. Due to these properties, magnesium can also be used for the production of implants for pathological bone conditions. More... »

PAGES

82-89

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41970-018-0041-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41970-018-0041-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105830930


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