Comparison of indigenous Trichoderma spp. strains to a foreign commercial strain in terms of biocontrol efficacy against Colletotrichum nymphaeae and ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-03-22

AUTHORS

Kaivan Karimi, Asadollah Babai Ahari, Mahdi Arzanlou, Jahanshir Amini, Ilaria Pertot

ABSTRACT

Colletotrichum nymphaeae is the principal causal agent of strawberry anthracnose worldwide, including Iran. For disease management, eco-friendly alternatives such as biological control instead of chemical fungicides are highly desirable. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of 20 strains of Trichoderma spp. indigenous to Iran against C. nymphaeae, to a commercial strain of Trichoderma atroviride (SC1) isolated elsewhere, under in vitro and in planta conditions. The tested strains belonged to T. harzianum (ten isolates), T. pleuroticola (five isolates), T. virens (three isolates), T. asperellum (one isolate) and T. afroharzianum (one isolate). In vitro results showed that most isolates used in this study were able to significantly inhibit mycelial growth of the pathogen in dual culture and non-volatile tests. The majority of the tested Trichoderma spp. isolates produced lytic enzymes, including chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, protease and cellulase. Besides producing hydrogen cyanide, Trichoderma spp. strains were also shown to be positive in terms of siderophore production and the mycoparasitism process. In planta bioassays revealed that the best indigenous strain (T. virens CCTUT4) significantly reduced anthracnose, at the same rate as the commercial strain, although the standard chemical fungicide (Switch®) was superior in terms of disease control. A positive correlation between disease incidence and severity reduction was detected with increasing population density of the antagonists in this study. The findings of this study indicate that isolating Trichoderma-based biocontrol agents from the crop against whose disease are targeted does not necessarily provide advantages in comparison with a strain having good biocontrol properties and originating from a different substrate. More... »

PAGES

453-466

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-08-03. Application of the consolidated species concept to identify the causal agent of strawberry anthracnose in Iran and initial molecular dating of the Colletotrichum acutatum species complex in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 1987-03. Factors associated with detrimental effects of rhizobacteria on plant growth in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2008-09-23. A Rapid and Easy Method for the Detection of Microbial Cellulases on Agar Plates Using Gram’s Iodine in CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2012-12-20. Chitinolytic assay of indigenous Trichoderma isolates collected from different geographical locations of Chhattisgarh in Central India in SPRINGERPLUS
  • 1980-09. Pseudomonas siderophores: A mechanism explaining disease-suppressive soils in CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2016-02-10. Trichoderma atroviride SC1 prevents Phaeomoniella chlamydospora and Phaeoacremonium aleophilum infection of grapevine plants during the grafting process in nurseries in BIOCONTROL
  • 1996-06. The staden sequence analysis package in MOLECULAR BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2004-04. Trichoderma Biocontrol of Colletotrichum acutatum and Botrytis cinerea and Survival in Strawberry in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2013-02-28. Efficacy and population monitoring of bacterial antagonists for gray mold (Botrytis cinerea Pers. ex. Fr.) infecting strawberries in BIOCONTROL
  • 2011-10-13. Evaluation of indigenous Trichoderma isolates from Manipur as biocontrol agent against Pythium aphanidermatum on common beans in 3 BIOTECH
  • 2007-01. Evaluation of fungicides and biocontrol agents against Phomopsis canker of tea under field conditions in AUSTRALASIAN PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2005-01. Quantification and characterisation of Trichoderma spp. from different ecosystems in MYCOPATHOLOGIA
  • 2011-01-14. Azospirillum brasilense siderophores with antifungal activity against Colletotrichum acutatum in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s41348-017-0088-6

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