The Evolution of China’s Railway Network (CRN) 1999-2019: Urbanization Impact and Regional Connectivity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-06-23

AUTHORS

Wei Wang, Wenbo Du, Kun Liu, Lu Tong

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of China’s economy and society, China’s railway transportation system has been dramatically improved in terms of its scale and operational efficiency. To uncover the underlying relationship between urbanization and railway network structure, this paper examines the evolution of China’s railway transportation system from 1999 to 2019 by applying complex network theory. The results show that China’s railway network (CRN) has become more connected, more “small-world” and more heterogeneous since the beginning of the twenty-first century. Based on the train flow and train travel distance, the evolutionary course of CRN is found to undergo two apparent stages, with a turning point in 2007. By calculating the regional railway connection index (RRCI), it is revealed that the planned core cities in different regions act as bridges connecting the regions to the rest of the whole network. More... »

PAGES

134-145

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148908770

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35765539


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/12", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Built Environment and Design", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/15", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0905", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Civil Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1205", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Urban and Regional Planning", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1507", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Transportation and Freight Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.64939.31", 
          "name": [
            "School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "Wei", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.64939.31", 
          "name": [
            "School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Du", 
        "givenName": "Wenbo", 
        "id": "sg:person.01313374232.97", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01313374232.97"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "HCIG Communication Investment Co., Ltd, 050051, Shijiazhuang, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "HCIG Communication Investment Co., Ltd, 050051, Shijiazhuang, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Liu", 
        "givenName": "Kun", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Research Institute of Frontier Science, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.64939.31", 
          "name": [
            "Research Institute of Frontier Science, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Tong", 
        "givenName": "Lu", 
        "id": "sg:person.010436742617.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010436742617.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-018-0075-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100621453", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-018-0075-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/30918", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041985305", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/30918"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/sdata.2014.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028297671", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2014.56"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11769-012-0538-9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004881255", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-012-0538-9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-016-0031-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020679115", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-016-0031-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35019019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008269744", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35019019"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-019-00117-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123241162", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-019-00117-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-021-00146-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137283304", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-021-00146-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep05638", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002165433", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep05638"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2022-06-23", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2022-06-23", 
    "description": "With the rapid development of China\u2019s economy and society, China\u2019s railway transportation system has been dramatically improved in terms of its scale and operational efficiency. To uncover the underlying relationship between urbanization and railway network structure, this paper examines the evolution of China\u2019s railway transportation system from 1999 to 2019 by applying complex network theory. The results show that China\u2019s railway network (CRN) has become more connected, more \u201csmall-world\u201d and more heterogeneous since the beginning of the twenty-first century. Based on the train flow and train travel distance, the evolutionary course of CRN is found to undergo two apparent stages, with a turning point in 2007. By calculating the regional railway connection index (RRCI), it is revealed that the planned core cities in different regions act as bridges connecting the regions to the rest of the whole network.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136445", 
        "issn": [
          "2199-6687", 
          "2199-6679"
        ], 
        "name": "Urban Rail Transit", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "8"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "China\u2019s railway network", 
      "railway network", 
      "operational efficiency", 
      "network theory", 
      "China\u2019s economy", 
      "railway transportation system", 
      "complex network theory", 
      "connection index", 
      "economy", 
      "travel distance", 
      "transportation system", 
      "twenty-first century", 
      "rapid development", 
      "train flow", 
      "regional connectivity", 
      "network structure", 
      "turning point", 
      "impact", 
      "relationship", 
      "theory", 
      "whole network", 
      "society", 
      "paper", 
      "city", 
      "development", 
      "network", 
      "terms", 
      "core cities", 
      "efficiency", 
      "different regions", 
      "results", 
      "system", 
      "evolution", 
      "flow", 
      "index", 
      "beginning", 
      "century", 
      "stage", 
      "point", 
      "scale", 
      "structure", 
      "rest", 
      "course", 
      "region", 
      "connectivity", 
      "urbanization", 
      "distance", 
      "evolutionary course", 
      "bridge", 
      "urbanization impacts", 
      "apparent stages"
    ], 
    "name": "The Evolution of China\u2019s Railway Network (CRN) 1999-2019: Urbanization Impact and Regional Connectivity", 
    "pagination": "134-145", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1148908770"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "35765539"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148908770"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-09-02T16:08", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220902/entities/gbq_results/article/article_951.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

188 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      89 URIs      68 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0905
3 anzsrc-for:12
4 anzsrc-for:1205
5 anzsrc-for:15
6 anzsrc-for:1507
7 schema:author N89de43f06b98420ab2adfa9e12879ab8
8 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11769-012-0538-9
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-016-0031-3
10 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-018-0075-7
11 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-019-00117-z
12 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-021-00146-7
13 sg:pub.10.1038/30918
14 sg:pub.10.1038/35019019
15 sg:pub.10.1038/sdata.2014.56
16 sg:pub.10.1038/srep05638
17 schema:datePublished 2022-06-23
18 schema:datePublishedReg 2022-06-23
19 schema:description With the rapid development of China’s economy and society, China’s railway transportation system has been dramatically improved in terms of its scale and operational efficiency. To uncover the underlying relationship between urbanization and railway network structure, this paper examines the evolution of China’s railway transportation system from 1999 to 2019 by applying complex network theory. The results show that China’s railway network (CRN) has become more connected, more “small-world” and more heterogeneous since the beginning of the twenty-first century. Based on the train flow and train travel distance, the evolutionary course of CRN is found to undergo two apparent stages, with a turning point in 2007. By calculating the regional railway connection index (RRCI), it is revealed that the planned core cities in different regions act as bridges connecting the regions to the rest of the whole network.
20 schema:genre article
21 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
22 schema:isPartOf N1f685b06a6254647a8270c369106789e
23 N71e2817687224b1aa4d7c34f5b8763fe
24 sg:journal.1136445
25 schema:keywords China’s economy
26 China’s railway network
27 apparent stages
28 beginning
29 bridge
30 century
31 city
32 complex network theory
33 connection index
34 connectivity
35 core cities
36 course
37 development
38 different regions
39 distance
40 economy
41 efficiency
42 evolution
43 evolutionary course
44 flow
45 impact
46 index
47 network
48 network structure
49 network theory
50 operational efficiency
51 paper
52 point
53 railway network
54 railway transportation system
55 rapid development
56 region
57 regional connectivity
58 relationship
59 rest
60 results
61 scale
62 society
63 stage
64 structure
65 system
66 terms
67 theory
68 train flow
69 transportation system
70 travel distance
71 turning point
72 twenty-first century
73 urbanization
74 urbanization impacts
75 whole network
76 schema:name The Evolution of China’s Railway Network (CRN) 1999-2019: Urbanization Impact and Regional Connectivity
77 schema:pagination 134-145
78 schema:productId N241f69c6c0cc490d91efb8a34ab7f48e
79 N3fbd06d0a72349da9f43f13cd28c207b
80 Nf715be36838b42ed8aa04b9fee92eb07
81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1148908770
82 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9
83 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-09-02T16:08
84 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
85 schema:sdPublisher N82f97367c13c4d6ba5e3f2f81ef3e3cb
86 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9
87 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
88 sgo:sdDataset articles
89 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
90 N01b94a866a354f76bc80571cb2cdce62 rdf:first sg:person.010436742617.14
91 rdf:rest rdf:nil
92 N12c9c8b18e344e648a1b04c79a22231b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.64939.31
93 schema:familyName Wang
94 schema:givenName Wei
95 rdf:type schema:Person
96 N1f685b06a6254647a8270c369106789e schema:volumeNumber 8
97 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
98 N241f69c6c0cc490d91efb8a34ab7f48e schema:name dimensions_id
99 schema:value pub.1148908770
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 N3fbd06d0a72349da9f43f13cd28c207b schema:name doi
102 schema:value 10.1007/s40864-022-00168-9
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 N71e2817687224b1aa4d7c34f5b8763fe schema:issueNumber 2
105 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
106 N82f97367c13c4d6ba5e3f2f81ef3e3cb schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
107 rdf:type schema:Organization
108 N89de43f06b98420ab2adfa9e12879ab8 rdf:first N12c9c8b18e344e648a1b04c79a22231b
109 rdf:rest Nb76b5560570044a8998421b3235df3ac
110 Na4abc1da88004565a03cb35dcf38f793 rdf:first Nf6d6fa2532424145aac3852f5ae049a7
111 rdf:rest N01b94a866a354f76bc80571cb2cdce62
112 Nb76b5560570044a8998421b3235df3ac rdf:first sg:person.01313374232.97
113 rdf:rest Na4abc1da88004565a03cb35dcf38f793
114 Nf6d6fa2532424145aac3852f5ae049a7 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
115 schema:familyName Liu
116 schema:givenName Kun
117 rdf:type schema:Person
118 Nf715be36838b42ed8aa04b9fee92eb07 schema:name pubmed_id
119 schema:value 35765539
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
122 schema:name Engineering
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 anzsrc-for:0905 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
125 schema:name Civil Engineering
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 anzsrc-for:12 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
128 schema:name Built Environment and Design
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 anzsrc-for:1205 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
131 schema:name Urban and Regional Planning
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 anzsrc-for:15 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
134 schema:name Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 anzsrc-for:1507 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
137 schema:name Transportation and Freight Services
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 sg:journal.1136445 schema:issn 2199-6679
140 2199-6687
141 schema:name Urban Rail Transit
142 schema:publisher Springer Nature
143 rdf:type schema:Periodical
144 sg:person.010436742617.14 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.64939.31
145 schema:familyName Tong
146 schema:givenName Lu
147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010436742617.14
148 rdf:type schema:Person
149 sg:person.01313374232.97 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.64939.31
150 schema:familyName Du
151 schema:givenName Wenbo
152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01313374232.97
153 rdf:type schema:Person
154 sg:pub.10.1007/s11769-012-0538-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004881255
155 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11769-012-0538-9
156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
157 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-016-0031-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020679115
158 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-016-0031-3
159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
160 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-018-0075-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100621453
161 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-018-0075-7
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-019-00117-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1123241162
164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-019-00117-z
165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
166 sg:pub.10.1007/s40864-021-00146-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137283304
167 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40864-021-00146-7
168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
169 sg:pub.10.1038/30918 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041985305
170 https://doi.org/10.1038/30918
171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
172 sg:pub.10.1038/35019019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008269744
173 https://doi.org/10.1038/35019019
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 sg:pub.10.1038/sdata.2014.56 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028297671
176 https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2014.56
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 sg:pub.10.1038/srep05638 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002165433
179 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep05638
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName HCIG Communication Investment Co., Ltd, 050051, Shijiazhuang, China
182 schema:name HCIG Communication Investment Co., Ltd, 050051, Shijiazhuang, China
183 rdf:type schema:Organization
184 grid-institutes:grid.64939.31 schema:alternateName Research Institute of Frontier Science, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China
185 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China
186 schema:name Research Institute of Frontier Science, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China
187 School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beihang University, 100191, Beijing, China
188 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...