An Approach to Processing of Lithium-Ion Batteries for the Zero-Waste Recovery of Materials View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-07-28

AUTHORS

D. Marinos, B. Mishra

ABSTRACT

A low-temperature, low-energy method for recovering all the valuable, economically viable, components from the spent lithium-ion batteries has been developed which has allowed the determination of pathways for complete recycling of the battery. Lithium present in the electrolyte has been selectively leached from lithium-ion batteries. Leaching conditions were optimized including time, temperature, solid/liquid ratio, and stirring velocity. All the samples were analyzed using ICP-MS for chemical composition. Leaching is conducted in a flotation machine that was able to separate plastics by flotation, creating bubbles without the use of any external chemical excess reagents. The pregnant solution was concentrated with lithium to a higher amount in order for it to be precipitated, and it was shown that the solution could be concentrated by recirculation of the leach solution. The next set of experiments were composed of battery shredding, steel separation by magnets, leaching with distilled water, and sizing using wet sieving to account for all the components of the battery. Every fraction is sent to rare-earth rolls separation and eddy current separation for full recovery. More... »

PAGES

263-274

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40831-015-0024-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40831-015-0024-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031870684


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