Epidemiological Profile of Drug Overdose Reported in South-East Morocco from 2004 to 2016 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-02-28

AUTHORS

Karima Azekour, Souad Belamalem, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Brahim El Houate, Bachir El Bouhali

ABSTRACT

BackgroundDrug overdose, either accidental or intentional, is the most common cause of acute poisoning worldwide.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile of drug poisoning recorded in the south east of Morocco and to identify the proportion of intentional versus accidental drug overdose.MethodsThis was an epidemiological study of 180 cases of medicinal poisoning registered with the Provincial Delegation of Health in Errachidia between January 2004 and December 2016. Information on demographic and drug overdose characteristics was obtained from the regional poison center. Drugs were categorized according to the anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification system.ResultsAdults were the most affected group, with a median age of 21 years and a sex ratio of three females to every male. Drug poisoning mainly occurred in urban areas (83% of cases). Regarding clinical signs, 55.2% of patients presented with digestive signs and 27.6% with neurological signs. Other signs were also present: respiratory (5.1%), combined neurological and digestive (4.5%), cardiovascular (3.8%), and general (3.8%). Women represented 88.9% of those who had intentionally overdosed and 64.3% of those who had unintentionally overdosed. Benzodiazepine derivatives and other related drugs were involved in 21.5% of cases of drug poisoning, with other drugs found in patients with drug overdose as follows: paracetamol 3.3%, ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel 5%, and cyproheptadine 1.6%.ConclusionOur results indicate that the number of reported cases of drug poisoning in south-east Morocco increased between 2004 and 2016. The intentional use of drugs in overdose was mostly among adults, especially women. The drugs involved were predominantly psycholeptic drugs, followed by analgesics. Mortality was low, but investigation in a representative sample will show the real severity and outcomes of drug overdoses. More... »

PAGES

11-17

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112461195

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30820765


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1115", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Techniques, University Moulay Ismail, BP509, 52000, Errachidia, Morocco", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Techniques, University Moulay Ismail, BP509, 52000, Errachidia, Morocco"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Azekour", 
        "givenName": "Karima", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Belamalem", 
        "givenName": "Souad", 
        "id": "sg:person.013364220037.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013364220037.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Soulaymani", 
        "givenName": "Abdelmajid", 
        "id": "sg:person.01060136473.42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060136473.42"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques Professions, Ouarzazate, Morocco", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques Professions, Ouarzazate, Morocco"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "El Houate", 
        "givenName": "Brahim", 
        "id": "sg:person.0604555741.35", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0604555741.35"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Techniques, University Moulay Ismail, BP509, 52000, Errachidia, Morocco", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Techniques, University Moulay Ismail, BP509, 52000, Errachidia, Morocco"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "El Bouhali", 
        "givenName": "Bachir", 
        "id": "sg:person.013665323066.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013665323066.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13149-012-0210-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007218426", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13149-012-0210-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40264-014-0167-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038119973", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40264-014-0167-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-02-28", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-28", 
    "description": "BackgroundDrug overdose, either accidental or intentional, is the most common cause of acute poisoning worldwide.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile of drug poisoning recorded in the south east of Morocco and to identify the proportion of intentional versus accidental drug overdose.MethodsThis was an epidemiological study of 180 cases of medicinal poisoning registered with the Provincial Delegation of Health in Errachidia between January 2004 and December 2016. Information on demographic and drug overdose characteristics was obtained from the regional poison center. Drugs were categorized according to the anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification system.ResultsAdults were the most affected group, with a median age of 21\u00a0years and a sex ratio of three females to every male. Drug poisoning mainly occurred in urban areas (83% of cases). Regarding clinical signs, 55.2% of patients presented with digestive signs and 27.6% with neurological signs. Other signs were also present: respiratory (5.1%), combined neurological and digestive (4.5%), cardiovascular (3.8%), and general (3.8%). Women represented 88.9% of those who had intentionally overdosed and 64.3% of those who had unintentionally overdosed. Benzodiazepine derivatives and other related drugs were involved in 21.5% of cases of drug poisoning, with other drugs found in patients with drug overdose as follows: paracetamol 3.3%, ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel 5%, and cyproheptadine 1.6%.ConclusionOur results indicate that the number of reported cases of drug poisoning in south-east Morocco increased between 2004 and 2016. The intentional\u00a0use of drugs in overdose was mostly\u00a0 among adults, especially women. The drugs involved were predominantly psycholeptic drugs, followed by analgesics. Mortality was low, but investigation in a representative sample will\u00a0show\u00a0 the real severity and outcomes of drug overdoses.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1051855", 
        "issn": [
          "2199-1154", 
          "2198-9788"
        ], 
        "name": "Drugs - Real World Outcomes", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "6"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "drug poisoning", 
      "epidemiological profile", 
      "drug overdose", 
      "Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system", 
      "regional poison center", 
      "accidental drug overdose", 
      "use of drugs", 
      "Chemical (ATC) classification system", 
      "medicinal poisonings", 
      "overdose characteristics", 
      "psycholeptic drugs", 
      "median age", 
      "digestive signs", 
      "neurological signs", 
      "clinical signs", 
      "drug overdoses", 
      "common cause", 
      "acute poisoning", 
      "poison centers", 
      "epidemiological studies", 
      "overdose", 
      "ConclusionOur results", 
      "related drugs", 
      "affected group", 
      "drugs", 
      "benzodiazepine derivatives", 
      "patients", 
      "signs", 
      "poisoning", 
      "women", 
      "real severity", 
      "representative sample", 
      "classification system", 
      "analgesics", 
      "MethodsThis", 
      "overdoses", 
      "mortality", 
      "respiratory", 
      "cases", 
      "severity", 
      "South-East Morocco", 
      "Provincial Delegation", 
      "age", 
      "outcomes", 
      "adults", 
      "study", 
      "cause", 
      "sex ratio", 
      "males", 
      "health", 
      "females", 
      "group", 
      "aim", 
      "years", 
      "profile", 
      "proportion", 
      "South East", 
      "center", 
      "urban areas", 
      "use", 
      "samples", 
      "number", 
      "ratio", 
      "investigation", 
      "area", 
      "results", 
      "Errachidia", 
      "characteristics", 
      "information", 
      "Morocco", 
      "derivatives", 
      "system", 
      "East", 
      "delegation", 
      "BackgroundDrug overdose", 
      "drug overdose characteristics", 
      "therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification system", 
      "ResultsAdults", 
      "paracetamol 3.3", 
      "ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel 5", 
      "estradiol/levonorgestrel 5", 
      "levonorgestrel 5"
    ], 
    "name": "Epidemiological Profile of Drug Overdose Reported in South-East Morocco from 2004 to 2016", 
    "pagination": "11-17", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1112461195"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "30820765"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112461195"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:35", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_802.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

187 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      111 URIs      100 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2 schema:about anzsrc-for:11
2 anzsrc-for:1115
3 anzsrc-for:1117
4 schema:author N40208cdcce654c468bee672e5c22d24a
5 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s13149-012-0210-8
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s40264-014-0167-6
7 schema:datePublished 2019-02-28
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-28
9 schema:description BackgroundDrug overdose, either accidental or intentional, is the most common cause of acute poisoning worldwide.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile of drug poisoning recorded in the south east of Morocco and to identify the proportion of intentional versus accidental drug overdose.MethodsThis was an epidemiological study of 180 cases of medicinal poisoning registered with the Provincial Delegation of Health in Errachidia between January 2004 and December 2016. Information on demographic and drug overdose characteristics was obtained from the regional poison center. Drugs were categorized according to the anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification system.ResultsAdults were the most affected group, with a median age of 21 years and a sex ratio of three females to every male. Drug poisoning mainly occurred in urban areas (83% of cases). Regarding clinical signs, 55.2% of patients presented with digestive signs and 27.6% with neurological signs. Other signs were also present: respiratory (5.1%), combined neurological and digestive (4.5%), cardiovascular (3.8%), and general (3.8%). Women represented 88.9% of those who had intentionally overdosed and 64.3% of those who had unintentionally overdosed. Benzodiazepine derivatives and other related drugs were involved in 21.5% of cases of drug poisoning, with other drugs found in patients with drug overdose as follows: paracetamol 3.3%, ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel 5%, and cyproheptadine 1.6%.ConclusionOur results indicate that the number of reported cases of drug poisoning in south-east Morocco increased between 2004 and 2016. The intentional use of drugs in overdose was mostly  among adults, especially women. The drugs involved were predominantly psycholeptic drugs, followed by analgesics. Mortality was low, but investigation in a representative sample will show  the real severity and outcomes of drug overdoses.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:inLanguage en
12 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
13 schema:isPartOf N1dad94099a2f420b82be89c59843f3fb
14 N7ee6f105ea4c4d58a4897160835f2975
15 sg:journal.1051855
16 schema:keywords Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system
17 BackgroundDrug overdose
18 Chemical (ATC) classification system
19 ConclusionOur results
20 East
21 Errachidia
22 MethodsThis
23 Morocco
24 Provincial Delegation
25 ResultsAdults
26 South East
27 South-East Morocco
28 accidental drug overdose
29 acute poisoning
30 adults
31 affected group
32 age
33 aim
34 analgesics
35 area
36 benzodiazepine derivatives
37 cases
38 cause
39 center
40 characteristics
41 classification system
42 clinical signs
43 common cause
44 delegation
45 derivatives
46 digestive signs
47 drug overdose
48 drug overdose characteristics
49 drug overdoses
50 drug poisoning
51 drugs
52 epidemiological profile
53 epidemiological studies
54 estradiol/levonorgestrel 5
55 ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel 5
56 females
57 group
58 health
59 information
60 investigation
61 levonorgestrel 5
62 males
63 median age
64 medicinal poisonings
65 mortality
66 neurological signs
67 number
68 outcomes
69 overdose
70 overdose characteristics
71 overdoses
72 paracetamol 3.3
73 patients
74 poison centers
75 poisoning
76 profile
77 proportion
78 psycholeptic drugs
79 ratio
80 real severity
81 regional poison center
82 related drugs
83 representative sample
84 respiratory
85 results
86 samples
87 severity
88 sex ratio
89 signs
90 study
91 system
92 therapeutic chemical (ATC) classification system
93 urban areas
94 use
95 use of drugs
96 women
97 years
98 schema:name Epidemiological Profile of Drug Overdose Reported in South-East Morocco from 2004 to 2016
99 schema:pagination 11-17
100 schema:productId N2b126773aa90421e998215ea81479e91
101 N3921ebf4e98246129abb5eb5add63b0e
102 N44c44f36881d440e86c210984fec83ca
103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112461195
104 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2
105 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:35
106 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
107 schema:sdPublisher Nddd0772b616b428d9f594adb32282178
108 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2
109 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
110 sgo:sdDataset articles
111 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
112 N1dad94099a2f420b82be89c59843f3fb schema:volumeNumber 6
113 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
114 N2b126773aa90421e998215ea81479e91 schema:name dimensions_id
115 schema:value pub.1112461195
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 N3921ebf4e98246129abb5eb5add63b0e schema:name pubmed_id
118 schema:value 30820765
119 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
120 N3db1480bdf78498b9a824a38b8e8d193 rdf:first sg:person.013665323066.38
121 rdf:rest rdf:nil
122 N40208cdcce654c468bee672e5c22d24a rdf:first N8aad979d002f4a10a3d080bd3f257bf8
123 rdf:rest N40a02ab8428f48649a527e40ae1711ea
124 N40a02ab8428f48649a527e40ae1711ea rdf:first sg:person.013364220037.56
125 rdf:rest N751d476330624804868efa1fdd69427e
126 N44c44f36881d440e86c210984fec83ca schema:name doi
127 schema:value 10.1007/s40801-019-0148-2
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 N751d476330624804868efa1fdd69427e rdf:first sg:person.01060136473.42
130 rdf:rest N8b27ecd05e7443ae907065f7bb07bd61
131 N7ee6f105ea4c4d58a4897160835f2975 schema:issueNumber 1
132 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
133 N8aad979d002f4a10a3d080bd3f257bf8 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
134 schema:familyName Azekour
135 schema:givenName Karima
136 rdf:type schema:Person
137 N8b27ecd05e7443ae907065f7bb07bd61 rdf:first sg:person.0604555741.35
138 rdf:rest N3db1480bdf78498b9a824a38b8e8d193
139 Nddd0772b616b428d9f594adb32282178 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
140 rdf:type schema:Organization
141 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
142 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 anzsrc-for:1115 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
145 schema:name Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
147 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
148 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 sg:journal.1051855 schema:issn 2198-9788
151 2199-1154
152 schema:name Drugs - Real World Outcomes
153 schema:publisher Springer Nature
154 rdf:type schema:Periodical
155 sg:person.01060136473.42 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
156 schema:familyName Soulaymani
157 schema:givenName Abdelmajid
158 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060136473.42
159 rdf:type schema:Person
160 sg:person.013364220037.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
161 schema:familyName Belamalem
162 schema:givenName Souad
163 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013364220037.56
164 rdf:type schema:Person
165 sg:person.013665323066.38 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
166 schema:familyName El Bouhali
167 schema:givenName Bachir
168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013665323066.38
169 rdf:type schema:Person
170 sg:person.0604555741.35 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
171 schema:familyName El Houate
172 schema:givenName Brahim
173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0604555741.35
174 rdf:type schema:Person
175 sg:pub.10.1007/s13149-012-0210-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007218426
176 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13149-012-0210-8
177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
178 sg:pub.10.1007/s40264-014-0167-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038119973
179 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40264-014-0167-6
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Techniques, University Moulay Ismail, BP509, 52000, Errachidia, Morocco
182 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco
183 Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques Professions, Ouarzazate, Morocco
184 schema:name Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Techniques, University Moulay Ismail, BP509, 52000, Errachidia, Morocco
185 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kenitra, Morocco
186 Higher Institute of Nursing and Health Techniques Professions, Ouarzazate, Morocco
187 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...