High-Dose Verapamil in Episodic and Chronic Cluster Headaches and Cardiac Adverse Events: Is It as Safe as We Think? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Joachim Alexandre, Xavier Humbert, Marion Sassier, Paul Milliez, Antoine Coquerel, Sophie Fedrizzi

ABSTRACT

Cluster headache (CH) is a primary headache disorder with relatively effective treatments. Although few sufficiently controlled trials are available, verapamil is recommended as the first-line prophylactic drug for CH by the French Headache Society (with a low level of evidence, level B) and by the EFNS (European Federation of Neurological Societies, level A). Daily doses of more than 480 mg (and up to 1200 mg daily) are frequently used off-label, while 360 mg daily is the only dosage to have demonstrated its effectiveness in a double-blind trial against placebo, and the usual label posology used by cardiologists is 240 mg daily in hypertension. We report the case of a 19-year-old man who was self-reported to our cardiology consultation for dyspnea and asthenia for 18 months. His medical history consisted of CH crisis for 4 years treated by verapamil 720 mg/day for 18 months with relatively good efficiency. His electrocardiogram (ECG) showed a sinus bradycardia at 40 bpm with a first-degree atrio-ventricular block. Evolution was favorable after progressive verapamil discontinuation. Analysis performed on the French Pharmacovigilance Database between July 1, 2000 and December 1, 2014 found four other cases of cardiac adverse events related to high-dose verapamil used in CH prevention (two cases of syncope with complete atrio-ventricular block with verapamil 1200 and 240 mg daily, respectively, one syncope related to sick sinus syndrome with verapamil 360 mg daily, and one case of sinus bradycardia with verapamil 720 mg daily). Although available studies seem to demonstrate an apparent good tolerance, this off-label practice should not be considered as standard of care and requires strict cardiac monitoring, as suggested by the Agence Nationale de Sécurité du Médicament (ANSM) in a recent re-evaluation of the benefit/risk ratio of high-dose verapamil used in CH prevention. More... »

PAGES

13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40800-015-0015-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40800-015-0015-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029622828

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27747725


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40800-015-0015-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40800-015-0015-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40800-015-0015-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40800-015-0015-3'


 

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