On the Measurement of Cognitive Abilities in English Learners View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03

AUTHORS

Samuel O. Ortiz

ABSTRACT

Although there exist a range of professional standards and guidelines for evaluating individuals from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds, there is a conspicuous absence of approaches that meet or satisfy the recommendations related to fairness and equity, particularly with reference to English learners (ELs). ELs are defined simply as anyone who is not a native English speaker and did not learn English as their only langauge. As such, ELs are typically bilingual due to the presence of at least one language other than the one they learned from birth. But bilingual does not always imply English as the second language as does EL. Likewise, an EL may be limited English proficient (LEP) or they may have become fluent English speakers over time. In either case, their current level of proficiency does not eliminate the fact that they were and always will be English learners. For these reasons, the term “EL” is preferred as it clearly denotes the type of multilingual individual being referred to in the present discussion regarding test performance. The measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs is based largely on a wide and highly disparate set of studies that have been conducted for over a century without any guidance from established or proposed theory. Despite the lack of consistency in various aspects of the empirical process, there has, nonetheless, emerged some basic principles upon which there is agreement and evidence. These principles include the variability of developmental differences in language which affects cognitive test performance and its increasing, proportional, and attenuating impact on tests as a function of the degree to which a given test requires and expects age-based developmental language proficiency and acculturative knowledge acquisition. The purpose of this paper is to provide a general review and critical discussion of the various studies conducted to examine the cognitive test performance of ELs and the extent to which they provide support for the these basic principles. In addition, an attempt is made to provide greater clarity on the various concepts, their definitions, and relationships to other variables relevant to the assessment of ELs as a way of fostering a more consistent and consensus-based understanding regarding the multiple factors arising from measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs and their significance for future research and practice. In this manner, the findings are ultimately distilled and coalesced into a cohesive and related set of empirically derived conclusions that together provide a foundation for the development and refinement of theory, a consistent platform and guide for conducting useful empirical investigations, and a framework by which recommendations for applying research into practice can be made so as to create evidence-based assessment (EBA). In addition to the historical and contemporary research, current approaches used in the evaluation of ELs are discussed relative to their advantages and limitations. Finally, guidelines for best practice are delineated as well as new developments and potential directions for future research and practice frameworks that may enhance our understanding and measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs that approaches the aspirational standards of fairness and equity in evaluation. More... »

PAGES

1-19

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111762284


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "St. John's University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264091.8", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Psychology, MARSB36A, St. John\u2019s University, 8000 Utopia Parkway, 11439, Jamaica, NY, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ortiz", 
        "givenName": "Samuel O.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/h0072798", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000243568"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.61.4.271", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001759376"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.2.1.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012201177"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8341.1941.tb00316.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013489729"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.51.2.77", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014065569"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21706", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023795461"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40688-014-0021-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027145539", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40688-014-0021-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(198307)39:4<598::aid-jclp2270390423>3.0.co;2-l", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029819588"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/07399863960183002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036491810"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/07399863960183002", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036491810"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118660584.ese1218", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037797285"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0093-934x(89)90048-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040365299"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/14668-007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041537647"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21724", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041917921"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2007.00412.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046813827"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/10115-001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047181405"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/00222194060390030201", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053756310"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/00222194060390030201", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053756310"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0016986208321808", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063591058"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0016986208321808", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063591058"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/002246698301700405", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063646089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/002246698301700405", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063646089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290001800404", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063842909"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290001800404", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063842909"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290502300202", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843062"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290502300202", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843062"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282906293214", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843127"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282906293214", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843127"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914536012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843522"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914536012", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843522"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914550811", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843553"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914550811", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843553"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299201000302", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063844199"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299201000302", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063844199"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1510209", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069510335"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1510209", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069510335"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1979.49.2.480", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070791429"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1979.49.2.480", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070791429"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1990.67.3f.1375", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070817134"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1990.67.3f.1375", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070817134"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/0471264385.wei1004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090059059"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/0471264385.wei1004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090059059"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/0471264385.wei1004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090059059"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511605963", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098664240"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/10014-000", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109721097"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-03-01", 
    "description": "Although there exist a range of professional standards and guidelines for evaluating individuals from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds, there is a conspicuous absence of approaches that meet or satisfy the recommendations related to fairness and equity, particularly with reference to English learners (ELs). ELs are defined simply as anyone who is not a native English speaker and did not learn English as their only langauge. As such, ELs are typically bilingual due to the presence of at least one language other than the one they learned from birth. But bilingual does not always imply English as the second language as does EL. Likewise, an EL may be limited English proficient (LEP) or they may have become fluent English speakers over time. In either case, their current level of proficiency does not eliminate the fact that they were and always will be English learners. For these reasons, the term \u201cEL\u201d is preferred as it clearly denotes the type of multilingual individual being referred to in the present discussion regarding test performance. The measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs is based largely on a wide and highly disparate set of studies that have been conducted for over a century without any guidance from established or proposed theory. Despite the lack of consistency in various aspects of the empirical process, there has, nonetheless, emerged some basic principles upon which there is agreement and evidence. These principles include the variability of developmental differences in language which affects cognitive test performance and its increasing, proportional, and attenuating impact on tests as a function of the degree to which a given test requires and expects age-based developmental language proficiency and acculturative knowledge acquisition. The purpose of this paper is to provide a general review and critical discussion of the various studies conducted to examine the cognitive test performance of ELs and the extent to which they provide support for the these basic principles. In addition, an attempt is made to provide greater clarity on the various concepts, their definitions, and relationships to other variables relevant to the assessment of ELs as a way of fostering a more consistent and consensus-based understanding regarding the multiple factors arising from measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs and their significance for future research and practice. In this manner, the findings are ultimately distilled and coalesced into a cohesive and related set of empirically derived conclusions that together provide a foundation for the development and refinement of theory, a consistent platform and guide for conducting useful empirical investigations, and a framework by which recommendations for applying research into practice can be made so as to create evidence-based assessment (EBA). In addition to the historical and contemporary research, current approaches used in the evaluation of ELs are discussed relative to their advantages and limitations. Finally, guidelines for best practice are delineated as well as new developments and potential directions for future research and practice frameworks that may enhance our understanding and measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs that approaches the aspirational standards of fairness and equity in evaluation.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1038503", 
        "issn": [
          "2159-2020", 
          "2161-1505"
        ], 
        "name": "Contemporary School Psychology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "On the Measurement of Cognitive Abilities in English Learners", 
    "pagination": "1-19", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "45ce0df92be75c5b23d4d1834ebad34f871474c349e0d885250c02922aac40d7"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111762284"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111762284"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T08:58", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000326_0000000326/records_68439_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs40688-018-0208-8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

145 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      55 URIs      17 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:17
2 anzsrc-for:1701
3 schema:author Nea58f21339ff4ee9b3f28b3348ce4fae
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s40688-014-0021-y
5 https://doi.org/10.1002/0471264385.wei1004
6 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(198307)39:4<598::aid-jclp2270390423>3.0.co;2-l
7 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118660584.ese1218
8 https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21706
9 https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21724
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/0093-934x(89)90048-5
11 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511605963
12 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.51.2.77
13 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.61.4.271
14 https://doi.org/10.1037/10014-000
15 https://doi.org/10.1037/10115-001
16 https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.2.1.86
17 https://doi.org/10.1037/14668-007
18 https://doi.org/10.1037/h0072798
19 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2007.00412.x
20 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8341.1941.tb00316.x
21 https://doi.org/10.1177/0016986208321808
22 https://doi.org/10.1177/00222194060390030201
23 https://doi.org/10.1177/002246698301700405
24 https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290001800404
25 https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290502300202
26 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282906293214
27 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914536012
28 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914550811
29 https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299201000302
30 https://doi.org/10.1177/07399863960183002
31 https://doi.org/10.2307/1510209
32 https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1979.49.2.480
33 https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1990.67.3f.1375
34 schema:datePublished 2019-03
35 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-03-01
36 schema:description Although there exist a range of professional standards and guidelines for evaluating individuals from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds, there is a conspicuous absence of approaches that meet or satisfy the recommendations related to fairness and equity, particularly with reference to English learners (ELs). ELs are defined simply as anyone who is not a native English speaker and did not learn English as their only langauge. As such, ELs are typically bilingual due to the presence of at least one language other than the one they learned from birth. But bilingual does not always imply English as the second language as does EL. Likewise, an EL may be limited English proficient (LEP) or they may have become fluent English speakers over time. In either case, their current level of proficiency does not eliminate the fact that they were and always will be English learners. For these reasons, the term “EL” is preferred as it clearly denotes the type of multilingual individual being referred to in the present discussion regarding test performance. The measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs is based largely on a wide and highly disparate set of studies that have been conducted for over a century without any guidance from established or proposed theory. Despite the lack of consistency in various aspects of the empirical process, there has, nonetheless, emerged some basic principles upon which there is agreement and evidence. These principles include the variability of developmental differences in language which affects cognitive test performance and its increasing, proportional, and attenuating impact on tests as a function of the degree to which a given test requires and expects age-based developmental language proficiency and acculturative knowledge acquisition. The purpose of this paper is to provide a general review and critical discussion of the various studies conducted to examine the cognitive test performance of ELs and the extent to which they provide support for the these basic principles. In addition, an attempt is made to provide greater clarity on the various concepts, their definitions, and relationships to other variables relevant to the assessment of ELs as a way of fostering a more consistent and consensus-based understanding regarding the multiple factors arising from measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs and their significance for future research and practice. In this manner, the findings are ultimately distilled and coalesced into a cohesive and related set of empirically derived conclusions that together provide a foundation for the development and refinement of theory, a consistent platform and guide for conducting useful empirical investigations, and a framework by which recommendations for applying research into practice can be made so as to create evidence-based assessment (EBA). In addition to the historical and contemporary research, current approaches used in the evaluation of ELs are discussed relative to their advantages and limitations. Finally, guidelines for best practice are delineated as well as new developments and potential directions for future research and practice frameworks that may enhance our understanding and measurement of cognitive abilities in ELs that approaches the aspirational standards of fairness and equity in evaluation.
37 schema:genre research_article
38 schema:inLanguage en
39 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
40 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1038503
41 schema:name On the Measurement of Cognitive Abilities in English Learners
42 schema:pagination 1-19
43 schema:productId N82ef4a740b3844e8a430f3c605886f3a
44 Naec800f4476f47899f163936cb858050
45 Nf9d5b7d844294e7fba34dc9744acf95a
46 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111762284
47 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8
48 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T08:58
49 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
50 schema:sdPublisher N3dc47d80b6664c348002d287034943d0
51 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs40688-018-0208-8
52 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
53 sgo:sdDataset articles
54 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
55 N3dc47d80b6664c348002d287034943d0 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
56 rdf:type schema:Organization
57 N82ef4a740b3844e8a430f3c605886f3a schema:name dimensions_id
58 schema:value pub.1111762284
59 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
60 Naec800f4476f47899f163936cb858050 schema:name readcube_id
61 schema:value 45ce0df92be75c5b23d4d1834ebad34f871474c349e0d885250c02922aac40d7
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 Nea58f21339ff4ee9b3f28b3348ce4fae rdf:first Nfbddb1ad40234387a3a34765645dcd07
64 rdf:rest rdf:nil
65 Nf9d5b7d844294e7fba34dc9744acf95a schema:name doi
66 schema:value 10.1007/s40688-018-0208-8
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 Nfbddb1ad40234387a3a34765645dcd07 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264091.8
69 schema:familyName Ortiz
70 schema:givenName Samuel O.
71 rdf:type schema:Person
72 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
73 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
76 schema:name Psychology
77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
78 sg:journal.1038503 schema:issn 2159-2020
79 2161-1505
80 schema:name Contemporary School Psychology
81 rdf:type schema:Periodical
82 sg:pub.10.1007/s40688-014-0021-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027145539
83 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40688-014-0021-y
84 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
85 https://doi.org/10.1002/0471264385.wei1004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1090059059
86 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
87 https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4679(198307)39:4<598::aid-jclp2270390423>3.0.co;2-l schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029819588
88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
89 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118660584.ese1218 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037797285
90 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
91 https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21706 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023795461
92 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
93 https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.21724 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041917921
94 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
95 https://doi.org/10.1016/0093-934x(89)90048-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040365299
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511605963 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098664240
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.51.2.77 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014065569
100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
101 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.61.4.271 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001759376
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 https://doi.org/10.1037/10014-000 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109721097
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 https://doi.org/10.1037/10115-001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047181405
106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
107 https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.2.1.86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012201177
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 https://doi.org/10.1037/14668-007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041537647
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1037/h0072798 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000243568
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2007.00412.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046813827
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8341.1941.tb00316.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013489729
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1177/0016986208321808 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063591058
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1177/00222194060390030201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053756310
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1177/002246698301700405 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063646089
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290001800404 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063842909
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1177/073428290502300202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843062
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282906293214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843127
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914536012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843522
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734282914550811 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063843553
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://doi.org/10.1177/073428299201000302 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063844199
134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
135 https://doi.org/10.1177/07399863960183002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036491810
136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
137 https://doi.org/10.2307/1510209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069510335
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.1979.49.2.480 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070791429
140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
141 https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1990.67.3f.1375 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070817134
142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
143 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264091.8 schema:alternateName St. John's University
144 schema:name Department of Psychology, MARSB36A, St. John’s University, 8000 Utopia Parkway, 11439, Jamaica, NY, USA
145 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...