Fabrication of Enzymatic Biofuel Cell with Electrodes on Both Sides of Microfluidic Channel View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-18

AUTHORS

Haroon Khan, Chul Min Kim, Sung Yeol Kim, Sanket Goel, Prabhat K. Dwivedi, Ashutosh Sharma, Young Ho Kim, Gyu Man Kim

ABSTRACT

Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) that utilize glucose as fuel in a human body to produce electricity are being explored as promising alternatives to power implantable devices. However, some limitations need to be overcome to render such micro-electronic devices practically applicable. Here, we propose a microfluidic EBFC architecture with electrodes on both sides of the microchannel and its fabrication via stencil method. Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) electrodes are fabricated on both sides of a Y-shaped microfluidic channel to reduce the effect of the depletion boundary layer and cross-diffusional mixing of the fuel and oxidant, which are functions of the distance from the microchannel inlet. Therefore, the microchannel length is reduced by half, while maintaining the same MWCNT electrode area. The microchannel is produced by polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) casting whereas the electrodes are fabricated by a PDMS stencil, using MWCNT patterned on etched indium tin oxide glass. The electrodes are modified with glucose oxidase and laccase via direct covalent bonding. The cell performance is studied at different microchannel heights and flow rates, obtaining a maximum power and current density of 153 µW cm−2 and 450 µA cm−2, respectively, at a microchannel height of 450 µm and flow rate of 25 mL h−1. The double-layer EBFC shows a 23% improvement in the performance compared to a single-layer EBFC. More... »

PAGES

1-10

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-04. Selective electro — thermal growth of zinc oxide nanowire on photolithographically patterned electrode for microsensor applications in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRECISION ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING-GREEN TECHNOLOGY
  • 2015-06. Transparent and flexible haptic actuator based on cellulose acetate stacked membranes in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRECISION ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING
  • 2015-06. Thermobattery based on CNT coated carbon textile and thermoelectric electrolyte in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRECISION ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING
  • 2016-12. Investigation of mechanical behavior of single- and multi-layer graphene by using molecular dynamics simulation in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRECISION ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING
  • 2015-03. Electrical and thermal conductivities of carbon fiber composites with high concentrations of carbon nanotubes in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRECISION ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112856967


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0915", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Interdisciplinary Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kyungpook National University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 41566, Daegu, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Khan", 
            "givenName": "Haroon", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kyungpook National University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 41566, Daegu, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Chul Min", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kyungpook National University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 41566, Daegu, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Sung Yeol", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Birla Institute of Technology and Science", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418391.6", 
              "name": [
                "Birla Institute of Technology and Science, 333031, Pilani, Rajasthan, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Goel", 
            "givenName": "Sanket", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417965.8", 
              "name": [
                "Centre for Nanosciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 208016, Kanpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Dwivedi", 
            "givenName": "Prabhat K.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417965.8", 
              "name": [
                "Centre for Nanosciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 208016, Kanpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sharma", 
            "givenName": "Ashutosh", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.496160.c", 
              "name": [
                "Medical Device Development Centre, Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation, 41061, Daegu, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Young Ho", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kyungpook National University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4", 
              "name": [
                "School of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 41566, Daegu, South Korea"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kim", 
            "givenName": "Gyu Man", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.09.021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000145386"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2006.01.030", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002205667"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1149/1.1921131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002216327"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1149/1.1921131", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002216327"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5772/17190", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005459706"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40684-016-0022-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006255431", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40684-016-0022-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2011.06.029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010277135"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/b708013c", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014114824"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.11.052", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016514012"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.032", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018769664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019264923", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019264923", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00986440701569036", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024240282"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0063-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029450107", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0063-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0162-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029827411", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0162-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c2lc40764g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032767860"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/22/1/015017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033584898"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2005.11.006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034704764"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0196-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034915120", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0196-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cc37906f", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035186938"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.04.066", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036261551"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2006.09.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042103311"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1039/c3lc50319d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043073944"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0926-6577(64)90192-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045739482"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0926-6577(64)90192-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045739482"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2005.03.018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048366068"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac070971y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054999556"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ac070971y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054999556"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ie051142a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055599479"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ie051142a", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055599479"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja020812q", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055825985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja020812q", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055825985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ja211714w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055851732"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1994-0566.ch014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089359877"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2019-03-18", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2019-03-18", 
        "description": "Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) that utilize glucose as fuel in a human body to produce electricity are being explored as promising alternatives to power implantable devices. However, some limitations need to be overcome to render such micro-electronic devices practically applicable. Here, we propose a microfluidic EBFC architecture with electrodes on both sides of the microchannel and its fabrication via stencil method. Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) electrodes are fabricated on both sides of a Y-shaped microfluidic channel to reduce the effect of the depletion boundary layer and cross-diffusional mixing of the fuel and oxidant, which are functions of the distance from the microchannel inlet. Therefore, the microchannel length is reduced by half, while maintaining the same MWCNT electrode area. The microchannel is produced by polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) casting whereas the electrodes are fabricated by a PDMS stencil, using MWCNT patterned on etched indium tin oxide glass. The electrodes are modified with glucose oxidase and laccase via direct covalent bonding. The cell performance is studied at different microchannel heights and flow rates, obtaining a maximum power and current density of 153 \u00b5W cm\u22122 and 450 \u00b5A cm\u22122, respectively, at a microchannel height of 450 \u00b5m and flow rate of 25 mL h\u22121. The double-layer EBFC shows a 23% improvement in the performance compared to a single-layer EBFC.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136729", 
            "issn": [
              "2288-6206", 
              "2198-0810"
            ], 
            "name": "International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Fabrication of Enzymatic Biofuel Cell with Electrodes on Both Sides of Microfluidic Channel", 
        "pagination": "1-10", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "c55b749d3a954ee2cf161faa3d5e5e971ab5ff400e4e3a0a37729ee63dfd582c"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1112856967"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112856967"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:13", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000361_0000000361/records_53999_00000002.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs40684-019-00056-x"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    194 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      52 URIs      16 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0915
    3 schema:author N7ed3f8a3e9dc467bb77da49e7f32b2a0
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0063-8
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0162-6
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0196-9
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s40684-016-0022-6
    9 https://doi.org/10.1016/0926-6577(64)90192-5
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2006.01.030
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2011.06.029
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2005.11.006
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.09.021
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2006.09.011
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2005.03.018
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.11.052
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.04.066
    18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.032
    19 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac070971y
    20 https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1994-0566.ch014
    21 https://doi.org/10.1021/ie051142a
    22 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja020812q
    23 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja211714w
    24 https://doi.org/10.1039/b708013c
    25 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cc37906f
    26 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2lc40764g
    27 https://doi.org/10.1039/c3lc50319d
    28 https://doi.org/10.1080/00986440701569036
    29 https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/22/1/015017
    30 https://doi.org/10.1149/1.1921131
    31 https://doi.org/10.5772/17190
    32 schema:datePublished 2019-03-18
    33 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-03-18
    34 schema:description Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) that utilize glucose as fuel in a human body to produce electricity are being explored as promising alternatives to power implantable devices. However, some limitations need to be overcome to render such micro-electronic devices practically applicable. Here, we propose a microfluidic EBFC architecture with electrodes on both sides of the microchannel and its fabrication via stencil method. Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) electrodes are fabricated on both sides of a Y-shaped microfluidic channel to reduce the effect of the depletion boundary layer and cross-diffusional mixing of the fuel and oxidant, which are functions of the distance from the microchannel inlet. Therefore, the microchannel length is reduced by half, while maintaining the same MWCNT electrode area. The microchannel is produced by polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) casting whereas the electrodes are fabricated by a PDMS stencil, using MWCNT patterned on etched indium tin oxide glass. The electrodes are modified with glucose oxidase and laccase via direct covalent bonding. The cell performance is studied at different microchannel heights and flow rates, obtaining a maximum power and current density of 153 µW cm−2 and 450 µA cm−2, respectively, at a microchannel height of 450 µm and flow rate of 25 mL h−1. The double-layer EBFC shows a 23% improvement in the performance compared to a single-layer EBFC.
    35 schema:genre research_article
    36 schema:inLanguage en
    37 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    38 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1136729
    39 schema:name Fabrication of Enzymatic Biofuel Cell with Electrodes on Both Sides of Microfluidic Channel
    40 schema:pagination 1-10
    41 schema:productId N25337d99b94b46d1b06f686327736bc0
    42 N47e9fdd573914a4488ac81c7259ac547
    43 Nf635df4949e64cc3b0fffdd755b431b3
    44 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112856967
    45 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x
    46 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:13
    47 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    48 schema:sdPublisher N4e20375e624845f380bb6a7ca72063be
    49 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs40684-019-00056-x
    50 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    51 sgo:sdDataset articles
    52 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    53 N0e4505d3aabe4613aa66035109111518 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417965.8
    54 schema:familyName Dwivedi
    55 schema:givenName Prabhat K.
    56 rdf:type schema:Person
    57 N1eb6c2835ff444c2853420b7c27d814a rdf:first N0e4505d3aabe4613aa66035109111518
    58 rdf:rest N48ccdb4a4cbb447a93b82bee61fce5fa
    59 N25337d99b94b46d1b06f686327736bc0 schema:name dimensions_id
    60 schema:value pub.1112856967
    61 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    62 N2ad679cd7661435c86ea1079f131f999 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4
    63 schema:familyName Khan
    64 schema:givenName Haroon
    65 rdf:type schema:Person
    66 N47e9fdd573914a4488ac81c7259ac547 schema:name doi
    67 schema:value 10.1007/s40684-019-00056-x
    68 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    69 N48ccdb4a4cbb447a93b82bee61fce5fa rdf:first Nd58c9f4255034a5384d80491b12c8a57
    70 rdf:rest Nb75910a7ba4a446c9d24df9f46d1b64d
    71 N4e20375e624845f380bb6a7ca72063be schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    72 rdf:type schema:Organization
    73 N57ea764baefe42f8baf156b4197a4035 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4
    74 schema:familyName Kim
    75 schema:givenName Chul Min
    76 rdf:type schema:Person
    77 N79fd8a13667b47558dad44fc97c56936 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418391.6
    78 schema:familyName Goel
    79 schema:givenName Sanket
    80 rdf:type schema:Person
    81 N7ed3f8a3e9dc467bb77da49e7f32b2a0 rdf:first N2ad679cd7661435c86ea1079f131f999
    82 rdf:rest N97f50e4b94a6493fb620080f2b163578
    83 N9096b0880a9a48b4a8e0fe459bfa4d49 rdf:first Ncd01da6496854946b0181b89f03fd7a9
    84 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    85 N97f50e4b94a6493fb620080f2b163578 rdf:first N57ea764baefe42f8baf156b4197a4035
    86 rdf:rest Nbc38015eec3940b3a28fc492325f188a
    87 Nb75910a7ba4a446c9d24df9f46d1b64d rdf:first Ne39dd0762e6c4023bb1ec491c4290cf3
    88 rdf:rest N9096b0880a9a48b4a8e0fe459bfa4d49
    89 Nbc38015eec3940b3a28fc492325f188a rdf:first Ncff779121b264b298a3dc00c2da4e71a
    90 rdf:rest Nff6b1fc1e9d94b2197b0be08ed6d9955
    91 Ncd01da6496854946b0181b89f03fd7a9 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4
    92 schema:familyName Kim
    93 schema:givenName Gyu Man
    94 rdf:type schema:Person
    95 Ncff779121b264b298a3dc00c2da4e71a schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4
    96 schema:familyName Kim
    97 schema:givenName Sung Yeol
    98 rdf:type schema:Person
    99 Nd58c9f4255034a5384d80491b12c8a57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417965.8
    100 schema:familyName Sharma
    101 schema:givenName Ashutosh
    102 rdf:type schema:Person
    103 Ne39dd0762e6c4023bb1ec491c4290cf3 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.496160.c
    104 schema:familyName Kim
    105 schema:givenName Young Ho
    106 rdf:type schema:Person
    107 Nf635df4949e64cc3b0fffdd755b431b3 schema:name readcube_id
    108 schema:value c55b749d3a954ee2cf161faa3d5e5e971ab5ff400e4e3a0a37729ee63dfd582c
    109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    110 Nff6b1fc1e9d94b2197b0be08ed6d9955 rdf:first N79fd8a13667b47558dad44fc97c56936
    111 rdf:rest N1eb6c2835ff444c2853420b7c27d814a
    112 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    113 schema:name Engineering
    114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    115 anzsrc-for:0915 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    116 schema:name Interdisciplinary Engineering
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 sg:journal.1136729 schema:issn 2198-0810
    119 2288-6206
    120 schema:name International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology
    121 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    122 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0063-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029450107
    123 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0063-8
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0162-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029827411
    126 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0162-6
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-015-0196-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034915120
    129 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-015-0196-9
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019264923
    132 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-016-0196-4
    133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    134 sg:pub.10.1007/s40684-016-0022-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006255431
    135 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40684-016-0022-6
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 https://doi.org/10.1016/0926-6577(64)90192-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045739482
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2006.01.030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002205667
    140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    141 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2011.06.029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010277135
    142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    143 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2005.11.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034704764
    144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.09.021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000145386
    146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    147 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2006.09.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042103311
    148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    149 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2005.03.018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048366068
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2003.11.052 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016514012
    152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    153 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.04.066 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036261551
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2010.06.032 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018769664
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 https://doi.org/10.1021/ac070971y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054999556
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1994-0566.ch014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089359877
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 https://doi.org/10.1021/ie051142a schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055599479
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja020812q schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055825985
    164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    165 https://doi.org/10.1021/ja211714w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055851732
    166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    167 https://doi.org/10.1039/b708013c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014114824
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cc37906f schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035186938
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 https://doi.org/10.1039/c2lc40764g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032767860
    172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    173 https://doi.org/10.1039/c3lc50319d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043073944
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 https://doi.org/10.1080/00986440701569036 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024240282
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 https://doi.org/10.1088/0960-1317/22/1/015017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033584898
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 https://doi.org/10.1149/1.1921131 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002216327
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 https://doi.org/10.5772/17190 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005459706
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.258803.4 schema:alternateName Kyungpook National University
    184 schema:name School of Mechanical Engineering, Kyungpook National University, 41566, Daegu, South Korea
    185 rdf:type schema:Organization
    186 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.417965.8 schema:alternateName Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
    187 schema:name Centre for Nanosciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 208016, Kanpur, India
    188 rdf:type schema:Organization
    189 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418391.6 schema:alternateName Birla Institute of Technology and Science
    190 schema:name Birla Institute of Technology and Science, 333031, Pilani, Rajasthan, India
    191 rdf:type schema:Organization
    192 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.496160.c schema:alternateName Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation
    193 schema:name Medical Device Development Centre, Daegu-Gyeongbuk Medical Innovation Foundation, 41061, Daegu, South Korea
    194 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...