Early life factors in relation to albuminuria and estimated glomerular filtration rate based on cystatin C and creatinine in adults ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-10-08

AUTHORS

Agne Laucyte-Cibulskiene, Shantanu Sharma, Anders Christensson, Peter M. Nilsson

ABSTRACT

BackgroundEarly life factors influence the number of nephrons a person starts life with and a consequence of that is believed to be premature kidney ageing. Thus, we aimed to identify early life factors associated with cystatin C and creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) rate equations and urine -albumin-to-creatinine ratio after a follow-up of 46–67 years.MethodsThe study included 593 Swedish subjects without diabetes mellitus from the Malmo Diet Cancer Cohort. Perinatal data records including birth weight, gestational age, placenta weight and maternal related risk factors were analysed. eGFR was determined by Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI), the Lund-Malmö revised and Caucasian, Asian, Paediatric, and Adult (CAPA) equations. Postnatal growth phenotypes were defined as low (≤ 0) or high (> 0) birth weight z-score, or low (≤ median) or high (> median) body mass index at 20 years of age.ResultsIn women, lower birth weight was associated with lower eGFR (CAPA; CKD-EPI cystatin C). Birth weight z-score predicted adult albuminuria specifically in men (OR 0.75, 95% CI [0.58; 0.96]). Women with high birth weight z-score and low BMI at 20 years had lower eGFR (CAPA; CKD-EPI cystatin C; p = 0.04). Men with high birth weight z-score and high BMI at 20 years had lower risk for albuminuria (OR 0.35, 95% CI [0.12; 0.93]).ConclusionsLower birth weight, prematurity and postnatal growth curve have a potential sex- specific effect of early exposure to an adverse environment on lower cystatin C-based eGFR and albuminuria later in life. Cystatin C compared to creatinine -eGFR equations shows a higher ability to detect these findings.Graphic abstract More... »

PAGES

1-12

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40620-021-01159-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40620-021-01159-y

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1141724500

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34623630


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