Analysis of the main risk factors for gestational diabetes diagnosed with International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2017-09

AUTHORS

M. Cozzolino, C. Serena, L. Maggio, M. P. Rambaldi, S. Simeone, G. Mello, L. Pasquini, M. Di Tommaso, F. Mecacci

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The aim is to investigate the proportion of multiple pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and to identify the impact of age, body mass index (BMI), and mode of conception on incidence of GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective cohort study on 656 multiple pregnancies screened for GDM with 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation, between January 2010 and January 2016. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was reached through the IADPSG. RESULTS: The incidence of GDM in our population was 15.1%. When patients who conceived through heterologous assisted reproduction technology were compared with those who conceived spontaneously, there was a significant difference for GDM (31.1 vs 13.6%, p < 0.001, OR 2.86). A similar finding was also observed comparing egg donation IVF/ICSI patients with homologous IVF/ICSI patients (31.1 vs 14.8%, p = 0.006, OR 2.59). Incidence of GDM was significantly higher in obese than in non-obese patients (42.5 vs 14.8%, p < 0.001, OR 4.88) and in women over 35 compared to younger patients (18.4 vs 11.1%, p = 0.01, OR 1.81). Logistic regression comparing the diabetes onset with conception mode gave a p = 0.07. The calculation of the Chi-square and odds ratio for single mode of conception showed that homologous vs conceived spontaneously p = 0.90, OR 0.97, heterologous vs homologous p = 0.01 with OR 2.46, and heterologous vs conceived spontaneously p = 0.01 with OR 2.39. Logistic regression showed that age and BMI are risk factors for developing GDM, respectively, p = 0.03 with OR 1.4 and p < 0.01 and OR 1.09. DISCUSSION: The contribution our study can make is improved counseling about GDM risks for couples with multiple pregnancies. Our data support the role of age, BMI, and mode of conception as risk factors for GDM in multiple pregnancies. More... »

PAGES

937-943

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40618-017-0646-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-017-0646-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084040546

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28324453


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    "description": "INTRODUCTION: The aim is to investigate the proportion of multiple pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and to identify the impact of age, body mass index (BMI), and mode of conception on incidence of GDM.\nMATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective cohort study on 656 multiple pregnancies screened for GDM with 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28\u00a0weeks of gestation, between January 2010 and January 2016. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was reached through the IADPSG.\nRESULTS: The incidence of GDM in our population was 15.1%. When patients who conceived through heterologous assisted reproduction technology were compared with those who conceived spontaneously, there was a significant difference for GDM (31.1 vs 13.6%, p\u2009<\u20090.001, OR 2.86). A similar finding was also observed comparing egg donation IVF/ICSI patients with homologous IVF/ICSI patients (31.1 vs 14.8%, p\u2009=\u20090.006, OR 2.59). Incidence of GDM was significantly higher in obese than in non-obese patients (42.5 vs 14.8%, p\u2009<\u20090.001, OR 4.88) and in women over 35 compared to younger patients (18.4 vs 11.1%, p\u2009=\u20090.01, OR 1.81). Logistic regression comparing the diabetes onset with conception mode gave a p\u2009=\u20090.07. The calculation of the Chi-square and odds ratio for single mode of conception showed that homologous vs conceived spontaneously p\u2009=\u20090.90, OR 0.97, heterologous vs homologous p\u2009=\u20090.01 with OR 2.46, and heterologous vs conceived spontaneously p\u2009=\u20090.01 with OR 2.39. Logistic regression showed that age and BMI are risk factors for developing GDM, respectively, p\u2009=\u20090.03 with OR 1.4 and p\u2009<\u20090.01 and OR 1.09.\nDISCUSSION: The contribution our study can make is improved counseling about GDM risks for couples with multiple pregnancies. Our data support the role of age, BMI, and mode of conception as risk factors for GDM in multiple pregnancies.", 
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51 schema:description INTRODUCTION: The aim is to investigate the proportion of multiple pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and to identify the impact of age, body mass index (BMI), and mode of conception on incidence of GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective cohort study on 656 multiple pregnancies screened for GDM with 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation, between January 2010 and January 2016. The diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was reached through the IADPSG. RESULTS: The incidence of GDM in our population was 15.1%. When patients who conceived through heterologous assisted reproduction technology were compared with those who conceived spontaneously, there was a significant difference for GDM (31.1 vs 13.6%, p < 0.001, OR 2.86). A similar finding was also observed comparing egg donation IVF/ICSI patients with homologous IVF/ICSI patients (31.1 vs 14.8%, p = 0.006, OR 2.59). Incidence of GDM was significantly higher in obese than in non-obese patients (42.5 vs 14.8%, p < 0.001, OR 4.88) and in women over 35 compared to younger patients (18.4 vs 11.1%, p = 0.01, OR 1.81). Logistic regression comparing the diabetes onset with conception mode gave a p = 0.07. The calculation of the Chi-square and odds ratio for single mode of conception showed that homologous vs conceived spontaneously p = 0.90, OR 0.97, heterologous vs homologous p = 0.01 with OR 2.46, and heterologous vs conceived spontaneously p = 0.01 with OR 2.39. Logistic regression showed that age and BMI are risk factors for developing GDM, respectively, p = 0.03 with OR 1.4 and p < 0.01 and OR 1.09. DISCUSSION: The contribution our study can make is improved counseling about GDM risks for couples with multiple pregnancies. Our data support the role of age, BMI, and mode of conception as risk factors for GDM in multiple pregnancies.
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