Total thyroid ablation in Graves’ orbitopathy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-08

AUTHORS

F. Menconi, M. Leo, P. Vitti, C. Marcocci, M. Marinò

ABSTRACT

Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is an autoimmune condition almost always associated with autoimmune thyroid disease, especially Graves' disease (GD). According to the most widely accepted model, the autoantigens responsible for GO would include molecules expressed by thyroid epithelial cells that are present also in orbital tissues. The high likelihood that the etiologies of GO and of the underlying autoimmune thyroid diseases are somehow linked is confirmed by the very close relationship between GO, the onset and the course of Graves' diseases, the size of the thyroid gland, and most importantly, thyroid function and thyroid treatment. Based on these considerations, it has been proposed that complete removal of thyroid antigens and of thyroid infiltrating lymphocytes, the so-called total thyroid ablation (TTA), may be followed by an attenuation of the immune reaction against orbital antigens, and ultimately by an amelioration of GO. The possibility that TTA, achieved by near total thyroidectomy followed by radioiodine, may be beneficial for GO was initially suggested by two retrospective studies and more recently by two prospective, randomized clinical trials conducted in patients with moderate GO treated with intravenous glucocorticoids. Although there seemed to be no difference in the long term, compared with near total thyroidectomy alone TTA was associated with a shorter time required for GO to improve, or anyway to reach its best possible outcome, and with a lesser requirement for additional treatments for GO to improve. Whether this is sufficient to offer ablation to patients remains a matter of discussion. At present, this procedure could be offered only to patients scheduled to thyroidectomy and glucocorticoid treatment. More... »

PAGES

809-815

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40618-015-0255-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40618-015-0255-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051816053

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25740065


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