The Functional Independence of Mands and Tacts: Has It Been Demonstrated Empirically? View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-06

AUTHORS

Jonas Gamba, Celso Goyos, Anna Ingeborg Petursdottir

ABSTRACT

Recently, there has been a proliferation of research on the functional independence of two of Skinner's (1957) verbal operants, the mand, and the tact. This research has produced highly variable results. In this article, we provide a critical review of the literature on mand-tact independence, a literature that has implications for both theory and practice. Included in the review are 17 studies with a total of 66 participants who were tested for mand emergence following tact training, tact emergence following mand training, or both, and 11 additional studies that systematically manipulated variables expected to affect the outcomes of such tests. A primary finding is that most studies to date suffer from problems with construct validity. However, it may be justifiable to conclude that the literature provides at least weak support for the functional independence of mands and tacts. Future investigators should avoid the major construct validity pitfalls described in this article, describe participant characteristics more thoroughly, and consider alternative approaches to studying mand-tact independence. More... »

PAGES

10-38

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-04. Manipulating Motivating Operations to Facilitate the Emergence of Mands for a Child With Autism in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1993-10. The Application of Establishing Operations in THE BEHAVIOR ANALYST
  • 1990-04. The acquisition of tacts, mands, and intraverbals by individuals with traumatic brain injury in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2010-04. The Effects of Listener Training on the Emergence of Tact and Mand Signs by Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1991-04. The effects of specific versus nonspecific reinforcement on verbal behavior in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1993-10. Establishing Operations in THE BEHAVIOR ANALYST
  • 2009-04. Extending the Assessment of Functions of Vocalizations in Children with Limited Verbal Repertoires in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2004-04. Emergence of Untaught Mands or Tacts of Novel Adjective-Object Pairs as a Function of Instructional History in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2000-04. Relational frame theory and Skinner’s Verbal Behavior: A possible synthesis in THE BEHAVIOR ANALYST
  • 2008-04. A Functional Analysis of Non-Vocal Verbal Behavior of a Young Child With Autism in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1996-04. The functional independence of impure mands and tacts of abstract stimulus properties in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2008-04. Investigating the Acquisition, Generalization, and Emergence of Untrained Verbal Operants for Mands Acquired Using the Picture Exchange Communication System in Adults With Severe Developmental Disabilities in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2012-12. Increasing the Mand Repertoire of Children With Autism Through the Use of an Interrupted Chain Procedure in BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS IN PRACTICE
  • 1988-04. A preliminary investigation of the consequences that define the mand and the tact in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2005-04. Emergence of Mands and Tacts of Novel Objects among Preschool Children in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2011-01. Examining Antecedent Control over Emergent Mands and Tacts in Young Children in THE PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD
  • 1987-04. Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1988-04. Establishing operations and the mand in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2005-04. Expanding Vocal Requesting Repertoires via Relational Responding in Adults with Severe Developmental Disabilities in THE ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 2010-07. Establishing Mand Emergence: The Effects of Three Training Procedures and Modified Antecedent Conditions in THE PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40616-014-0026-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40616-014-0026-7

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27606198


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