Inflammatory disease of the costotransverse joints: US evaluation in 15 symptomatic patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-06-12

AUTHORS

A. Del Chiaro, B. Ciampi, F. Franzoni, M. Miccoli, S. Galletti, S. M. Stella

ABSTRACT

The costotransverse joints (CTJs) are small arthrodial joints which articulate with the costal tuberosity on the transverse process of the thoracic vertebrae. CTJs are composed of oval-shaped facets with a major axis, vertical at the upper vertebrae and almost horizontal at the lower vertebrae. This position explains the different movements of the ribs: the cranial ribs move on the sagittal plane and the caudal ribs on the transverse plane. Movements in directions other than these usual CTJ spatial planes can cause inflammation resulting in a stinging pain in the space between the scapula and thoracic spine. We studied 15 subjects with paravertebral pain compatible with CTJ pathology. Mean age was 29 years, 11 females/4 males. In 12 patients, the non-dominant limb was affected. US imaging was carried out using linear 12 MHz and 9 MHz probes. Scanning was performed following the long axis of the rib (transverse plane) and the short axis (sagittal plane). Sagittal scanning is the method of choice for detection of possible joint effusion and comparison with undamaged joints above and below. US identified joint effusion correlating with the site of pain in all patients. Thickening of the posterior costotransverse capsular ligament was detected in six patients mainly affecting the first thoracic vertebrae. Power Doppler showed intraarticular hypervascularization in four patients. US imaging should be performed as a first-line examination in the evaluation of patients with stinging pain in the paravertebral region. US evidence of effusion within the joints is a sure sign of involvement of these structures. More... »

PAGES

1-9

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40477-021-00589-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-021-00589-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138794191

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34118056


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