Utility of a gel stand-off pad in the detection of Doppler signal on focal nodular lesions of the skin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-29

AUTHORS

Antonio Corvino, Fabio Sandomenico, Fabio Corvino, Maria Raffaela Campanino, Francesco Verde, Francesco Giurazza, Domenico Tafuri, Orlando Catalano

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Gel pad is an aqueous, flexible, easy available, disposable spacer used for the ultrasound (US) scan of superficial or difficult-to-visualize areas. In clinical practice, it is widely used in B-mode US approach of superficial lesions but, to date, no data have been provided as to its efficacy in the Doppler detection of superficial flows. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the role of stand-off gel pad in the detection of the otherwise-missed peri- or intra-lesional flow signals on Doppler imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 superficial lesions undergone to an US evaluation using a 7.5-12-MHz linear probe were evaluated prospectively with and without interposition of a gel stand-off pad to detect the presence or absence of vascularization and to classify the vascular pattern. RESULTS: Peri- or intra-lesional flow was demonstrated in 56% of cases without and in 84% of cases with interposition of a gel stand-off pad; moreover, a statistically significant difference (p value < 0.001) was observed at Chi-square test in the identification of the flow pattern between the use and no use of the pad. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a gel stand-off pad allows the detection of otherwise-missed peri- or intra-lesional flow signals on Doppler imaging, increasing the diagnostic role of this technique in differential diagnosis of superficial lesions. More... »

PAGES

1-9

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40477-019-00376-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-019-00376-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113090665

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30927249


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48 schema:description PURPOSE: Gel pad is an aqueous, flexible, easy available, disposable spacer used for the ultrasound (US) scan of superficial or difficult-to-visualize areas. In clinical practice, it is widely used in B-mode US approach of superficial lesions but, to date, no data have been provided as to its efficacy in the Doppler detection of superficial flows. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the role of stand-off gel pad in the detection of the otherwise-missed peri- or intra-lesional flow signals on Doppler imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 superficial lesions undergone to an US evaluation using a 7.5-12-MHz linear probe were evaluated prospectively with and without interposition of a gel stand-off pad to detect the presence or absence of vascularization and to classify the vascular pattern. RESULTS: Peri- or intra-lesional flow was demonstrated in 56% of cases without and in 84% of cases with interposition of a gel stand-off pad; moreover, a statistically significant difference (p value < 0.001) was observed at Chi-square test in the identification of the flow pattern between the use and no use of the pad. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a gel stand-off pad allows the detection of otherwise-missed peri- or intra-lesional flow signals on Doppler imaging, increasing the diagnostic role of this technique in differential diagnosis of superficial lesions.
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