Ultrasonography of the pediatric spleen: a pictorial essay View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-11-16

AUTHORS

Marco Di Serafino, Francesco Verde, Federica Ferro, Norberto Vezzali, Eugenio Rossi, Ciro Acampora, Iacopo Valente, Piernicola Pelliccia, Stefania Speca, Gianfranco Vallone

ABSTRACT

In infants and children, the spleen is involved in many pathological processes, whether those processes are isolated or related to systemic diseases. Pathology of the pediatric spleen includes congenital anomalies, splenomegaly, trauma, focal lesions, infarction, and tumors. Ultrasonography (US) is a widely available, fast, noninvasive imaging technique to assess the size, shape, and position of the spleen, as well as to define splenic echotexture. US is capable of screening for splenic disorders without the risk of ionizing radiation; it is the initial imaging examination performed to evaluate suspected splenic pathology, providing clinicians with helpful decisional support. US plays an important role in the detection of even very small amounts of hemoperitoneum, a herald of significant abdominal organ injury, in pediatric blunt abdominal trauma. Moreover, contrast-enhanced US may allow early detection of splenic injuries, ideally minimizing children's risk from radiation exposure. This pictorial essay illustrates the normal ultrasound appearance of the pediatric spleen and the sonographic findings which may guide clinicians to a correct diagnosis of pathologic conditions. More... »

PAGES

1-10

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40477-018-0341-2

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-018-0341-2

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109930508

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30446947


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    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40477-018-0341-2'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40477-018-0341-2'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

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