Ultrasonography of the pediatric spleen: a pictorial essay View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-11-16

AUTHORS

Marco Di Serafino, Francesco Verde, Federica Ferro, Norberto Vezzali, Eugenio Rossi, Ciro Acampora, Iacopo Valente, Piernicola Pelliccia, Stefania Speca, Gianfranco Vallone

ABSTRACT

In infants and children, the spleen is involved in many pathological processes, whether those processes are isolated or related to systemic diseases. Pathology of the pediatric spleen includes congenital anomalies, splenomegaly, trauma, focal lesions, infarction, and tumors. Ultrasonography (US) is a widely available, fast, noninvasive imaging technique to assess the size, shape, and position of the spleen, as well as to define splenic echotexture. US is capable of screening for splenic disorders without the risk of ionizing radiation; it is the initial imaging examination performed to evaluate suspected splenic pathology, providing clinicians with helpful decisional support. US plays an important role in the detection of even very small amounts of hemoperitoneum, a herald of significant abdominal organ injury, in pediatric blunt abdominal trauma. Moreover, contrast-enhanced US may allow early detection of splenic injuries, ideally minimizing children’s risk from radiation exposure. This pictorial essay illustrates the normal ultrasound appearance of the pediatric spleen and the sonographic findings which may guide clinicians to a correct diagnosis of pathologic conditions. More... »

PAGES

503-512

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2001-01. Radiology of the spleen in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 2014-06-06. Splenic hamartomas in two children in WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY
  • 2011-09-02. Ultrasound contrast media in paediatric patients: is it an off-label use? Regulatory requirements and radiologist’s liability in LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA
  • 2001-02. Accessory spleen torsion: US, CT and MR findings in EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY
  • 2014-01-10. Wandering spleen in children: a report of 3 cases and a brief literature review underlining the importance of diagnostic imaging in PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
  • 2014-10-17. Reference ranges of liver and spleen dimensions in term infants: sonographic measurements in JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ULTRASONICS
  • 2009-07-29. Pediatric blunt splenic trauma: a comprehensive review in PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
  • 2015-03-31. Accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the identification and characterization of traumatic solid organ lesions in children: a retrospective comparison with baseline US and CE-MDCT in LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA
  • 2017-08-04. Ultrasound of congenital and inherited disorders of the pediatric hepatobiliary system, pancreas and spleen in PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
  • 2013-05-04. Focal splenic lesions: US findings in JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND
  • 2017-06-19. Anatomic variations of the spleen: current state of terminology, classification, and embryological background in SURGICAL AND RADIOLOGIC ANATOMY
  • 2016-04-13. Diagnostic imaging of blunt abdominal trauma in pediatric patients in LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA
  • 2008-07-05. Splenic infarction in a patient hereditary spherocytosis, protein C deficiency and acute infectious mononucleosis in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
  • 2009-07-14. Pediatric littoral cell angioma of the spleen: multimodality imaging including diffusion-weighted imaging in PEDIATRIC RADIOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40477-018-0341-2

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40477-018-0341-2

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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