Reaction times of children having nitrous oxide inhalation sedation for dental procedures View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-03-16

AUTHORS

A. Lyne, J. Johnson, D. Baldwin

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Inhalation sedation (IHS), using nitrous oxide and oxygen, is a commonly used form of pharmacological behaviour management in paediatric dentistry. Previous studies suggest that IHS causes a delay in reaction time, which recovers to baseline within 10 min. AIM: To observe the reaction times (RT) of children before and after undergoing IHS for dental treatment. DESIGN: Sixty children from clinics at St Thomas' Hospital (London, UK) participated in this observational study. RT was measured using an eight-point choice reaction time system (MOART computer panel, Lafayette Instruments). RT was measured twice: before (prior to patient entering clinic for treatment) and after (immediately after discharge from the clinic). A paired-samples t test was used to analyse data. RESULTS: Fifty-two patients completed the study. There was a statistically significant delay in RT after treatment (p = 0.022). There was no significant correlation between RT and concentration of nitrous oxide, or length of the recovery period. CONCLUSION: Children may have a small impairment in reaction times following recovery from IHS in the clinical setting, regardless of the strength of nitrous oxide given, or the length of the recovery period. The child's escort should be aware of the need to supervise the child following discharge. More... »

PAGES

1-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40368-019-00433-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40368-019-00433-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112830037

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30879260


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