Injury Reduction Programs for Reducing the Incidence of Sport-Related Head and Neck Injuries Including Concussion: A Systematic Review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-06-18

AUTHORS

Jonathan Elliott, Neil Heron, Theo Versteegh, Ian A. Gilchrist, Michael Webb, Pooler Archbold, Nigel D. Hart, Kerry Peek

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSport-related head and neck injuries, including concussion, are a growing global public health concern with a need to explore injury risk reduction strategies such as neck exercises.ObjectivesTo systematically review the literature to investigate: (1) the relationship between neck strength and sport-related head and neck injuries (including sport-related concussion (SRC); and (2) whether neck exercise programs can reduce the incidence of (a) sport-related head and neck injuries; and (b) SRC.MethodsFive databases (Ovid MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science) and research lists of included studies were searched using a combination of medical subject headings and keywords to locate original studies which reported the association between incidence of head and/or neck injury and neck strength data, or included a neck exercise intervention either in isolation or as part of a more comprehensive exercise program.ResultsFrom an initial search of 593 studies, six were included in this review. A narrative synthesis was performed due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. The results of two observational studies reported that higher neck strength, but not deep neck flexor endurance, is associated with a lower risk of sustaining a SRC. Four intervention studies demonstrated that injury reduction programs that included neck exercises can reduce the incidence of sport-related head and neck injuries including SRC.ConclusionConsideration should be given towards incorporating neck exercises into injury reduction exercise programs to reduce the incidence of sport-related head and neck injuries, including SRC.Systematic Review RegistrationPROSPERO (registration number: 194217). More... »

PAGES

2373-2388

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40279-021-01501-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-021-01501-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1138983228

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34143411


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