Frequency of CYP2C9 and VKORC1 Gene Polymorphisms and Their Influence on Warfarin Dose in Egyptian Pediatric Patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-08

AUTHORS

Mennat-Allah Kamal El-Din, Marwa Salah Farhan, Randa Ibrahim El Shiha, Rania Mohammed Helmy El-Kaffas, Somaia Mohammed Mousa

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Warfarin is a widely used anticoagulant that shows a high inter-individual variability in the dose needed to achieve target anticoagulation. In adults, common genetic variants in the cytochrome P450-2C9 (CYP2C9) and vitamin K epoxide reductase complex (VKORC1) enzymes, in addition to non-genetic factors, explain this dose variability. In children, data about warfarin pharmacogenetics are limited and inconsistent. METHODS: CYP2C9 (*2 and *3) alleles and the VKORC1 (C1173T and G-1639A) polymorphisms were studied by multiplex real time polymerase chain reaction in 41 pediatric patients who received stable warfarin maintenance dose. RESULTS: The allele frequency of the studied genes was CYP2C9*2 (0.085), CYP2C9*3 (0.12), VKORC1 1173T (0.52), and VKORC1 -1639A (0.54). In univariate analysis, patients' age, weight, and height were significantly (p < 0.0001) associated with warfarin maintenance dose. However, CYP2C9 and VKORC1 gene polymorphisms did not affect warfarin dose. In multivariate analysis, age was found to be the only significant determinant of daily warfarin maintenance dose (p = 0.045). CONCLUSION: Age was the most significant determinant of warfarin dosage in this preliminary study including Egyptian pediatric patients. Further studies involving larger numbers of children are warranted to determine the true impact of genetic factors on warfarin doses in pediatric patients. More... »

PAGES

337-341

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40272-014-0073-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40272-014-0073-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040570279

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24797541


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