The Pharmacogenetics of Tacrolimus in Corticosteroid-Sparse Pediatric and Adult Kidney Transplant Recipients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-06

AUTHORS

Mads Juul Madsen, Troels K. Bergmann, Kim Brøsen, Helle Charlotte Thiesson

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Tacrolimus is a calcineurin inhibitor used as an immunosuppressant drug in solid organ transplantation, and is mainly metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and CYP3A5. Studies have shown an association between the CYP3A5 genotype and tacrolimus dose-adjusted trough concentrations. Variants in the genes PPARA, POR and CYP3A4 have recently been shown to influence tacrolimus metabolism. Furthermore, pharmacokinetic interaction between corticosteroid treatment and tacrolimus has been shown. In the present study, we investigated a potential association between CYP3A5*3, PPARA c.209-1003G>A, POR*28 and CYP3A4*22 and dose-adjusted tacrolimus trough concentrations in a primarily corticosteroid-free (>85%) population of Danish pediatric and adult kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Seventy-two patients receiving treatment with oral tacrolimus were genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Primer-Probe Detection. Tacrolimus trough concentrations, corresponding doses and covariates were retrospectively collected from the patients' medical charts. RESULTS: It was confirmed that CYP3A5*1 wild-type carriers had lower median dose-adjusted tacrolimus trough concentrations compared with noncarriers. Adults had 56 and 77% lower trough concentrations at 6 weeks (p = 0.0003) and 1 year, respectively (p < 0.0017), and, similarly, children had 65 and 39% lower median concentrations, with p values of 0.006 and 0.011, respectively. No association was found for PPARA c.209-1003G>A, POR*28, or CYP3A4*22. An association between the PPARA c.209-1003G>A genotype and an increased number of infections with cytomegalovirus (CMV) within the first year was identified (p < 0.05). Only 29% of trough concentrations measured between 2 and 12 weeks post-transplantation were on target. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the known association of the CYP3A5 genotype with tacrolimus dose-adjusted trough concentrations has the same impact in a corticosteroid-sparse population. The association between PPARA variance and infections with CMV will need further investigation. More... »

PAGES

279-286

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40268-017-0177-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40268-017-0177-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083859497

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28229376


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45 schema:description INTRODUCTION: Tacrolimus is a calcineurin inhibitor used as an immunosuppressant drug in solid organ transplantation, and is mainly metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and CYP3A5. Studies have shown an association between the CYP3A5 genotype and tacrolimus dose-adjusted trough concentrations. Variants in the genes PPARA, POR and CYP3A4 have recently been shown to influence tacrolimus metabolism. Furthermore, pharmacokinetic interaction between corticosteroid treatment and tacrolimus has been shown. In the present study, we investigated a potential association between CYP3A5*3, PPARA c.209-1003G>A, POR*28 and CYP3A4*22 and dose-adjusted tacrolimus trough concentrations in a primarily corticosteroid-free (>85%) population of Danish pediatric and adult kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: Seventy-two patients receiving treatment with oral tacrolimus were genotyped using real-time polymerase chain reaction and Primer-Probe Detection. Tacrolimus trough concentrations, corresponding doses and covariates were retrospectively collected from the patients' medical charts. RESULTS: It was confirmed that CYP3A5*1 wild-type carriers had lower median dose-adjusted tacrolimus trough concentrations compared with noncarriers. Adults had 56 and 77% lower trough concentrations at 6 weeks (p = 0.0003) and 1 year, respectively (p < 0.0017), and, similarly, children had 65 and 39% lower median concentrations, with p values of 0.006 and 0.011, respectively. No association was found for PPARA c.209-1003G>A, POR*28, or CYP3A4*22. An association between the PPARA c.209-1003G>A genotype and an increased number of infections with cytomegalovirus (CMV) within the first year was identified (p < 0.05). Only 29% of trough concentrations measured between 2 and 12 weeks post-transplantation were on target. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the known association of the CYP3A5 genotype with tacrolimus dose-adjusted trough concentrations has the same impact in a corticosteroid-sparse population. The association between PPARA variance and infections with CMV will need further investigation.
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