Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) for the Treatment of Spinal Cord Injury View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-11

AUTHORS

MirHojjat Khorasanizadeh, Mahsa Eskian, Alexander R. Vaccaro, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar

ABSTRACT

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a common medical condition with a poor prognosis for recovery and catastrophic effects on a patient's quality of life. Available treatments for SCI are limited, and the evidence suggesting their harmful side effects is more consistent than any suggestion of clinical benefit. Developing novel safe and effective therapeutic options for SCI is crucial. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a hematopoietic cytokine with known multifaceted effects on the central nervous system. Herein, we review the accumulating preclinical evidence for the beneficial effects of G-CSF on functional and structural outcomes after SCI. Meanwhile we present and discuss multiple mechanisms for G-CSF's neuroprotective and neuroregenerative actions through the results of these studies. In addition, we present the available clinical evidence indicating the efficacy and safety of G-CSF administration for the treatment of acute and chronic traumatic SCI, compression myelopathy, and SCI-associated neuropathic pain. Our review indicates that although the quality of clinical evidence regarding the use of G-CSF in SCI is inadequate, the encouraging available preclinical and clinical data warrant its further clinical development, and bring new hope to the longstanding challenge that is treatment of SCI. More... »

PAGES

911-937

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40263-017-0472-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40263-017-0472-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092332112

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29063471


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