Clinical Outcomes at 2 Years Between Beta-Blockade with ACE Inhibitors or ARBs in Patients with AMI Who Underwent Successful PCI ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02-20

AUTHORS

Yong Hoon Kim, Ae-Young Her, Myung Ho Jeong, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Sung-Jin Hong, Dong-Ho Shin, Jung-Sun Kim, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Myeong-Ki Hong, Yangsoo Jang

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Data concerning the clinical impact of combination therapy with β-blockers (BBs) + angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) compared with BBs + angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) are limited. OBJECTIVE: We compared the clinical outcomes at 2 years between these two combination therapies. METHODS: We enrolled 23,978 patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI with DES between January 2005 and June 2015 from the Korea AMI Registry (KAMIR) and divided them into the two groups: BB + ACEI (n = 17,310) and BB + ARB (n = 6668). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-TVR. The secondary endpoints were the cumulative incidences of individual components of MACE and target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of death related to the target vessel, re-MI, or clinically driven TVR. RESULTS: The relative risk of MACE was higher in the BB + ARB group than in the BB + ACEI group after propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis (hazard ratio [HR] 1.204; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.057-1.370; p = 0.005). The relative risks of all-cause death (HR 1.435 [95% CI 1.117-1.845]; p = 0.005), cardiac death (HR 1.733 [95% CI 1.253-2.396]; p = 0.001), TVR (HR 1.437 [95% CI 1.157-1.784]; p = 0.001), and TVF (HR 1.231 [95% CI 1.065-1.424]; p = 0.005) were also higher in the BB + ARB group after PSM. CONCLUSIONS: The BB + ACEI group demonstrated reduced cumulative incidences of MACE, all-cause death, cardiac death, TVR, and TVF compared with the BB + ARB group in patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI with DES during a 2-year follow-up period. More... »

PAGES

1-12

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40256-019-00326-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40256-019-00326-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112260165

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30788675


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35 schema:description INTRODUCTION: Data concerning the clinical impact of combination therapy with β-blockers (BBs) + angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) compared with BBs + angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) are limited. OBJECTIVE: We compared the clinical outcomes at 2 years between these two combination therapies. METHODS: We enrolled 23,978 patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI with DES between January 2005 and June 2015 from the Korea AMI Registry (KAMIR) and divided them into the two groups: BB + ACEI (n = 17,310) and BB + ARB (n = 6668). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), and non-TVR. The secondary endpoints were the cumulative incidences of individual components of MACE and target vessel failure (TVF), a composite of death related to the target vessel, re-MI, or clinically driven TVR. RESULTS: The relative risk of MACE was higher in the BB + ARB group than in the BB + ACEI group after propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis (hazard ratio [HR] 1.204; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.057-1.370; p = 0.005). The relative risks of all-cause death (HR 1.435 [95% CI 1.117-1.845]; p = 0.005), cardiac death (HR 1.733 [95% CI 1.253-2.396]; p = 0.001), TVR (HR 1.437 [95% CI 1.157-1.784]; p = 0.001), and TVF (HR 1.231 [95% CI 1.065-1.424]; p = 0.005) were also higher in the BB + ARB group after PSM. CONCLUSIONS: The BB + ACEI group demonstrated reduced cumulative incidences of MACE, all-cause death, cardiac death, TVR, and TVF compared with the BB + ARB group in patients with AMI who underwent successful PCI with DES during a 2-year follow-up period.
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