Effects of doping zinc oxide nanoparticles with transition metals (Ag, Cu, Mn) on photocatalytic degradation of Direct Blue 15 dye ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-04-01

AUTHORS

Roya Ebrahimi, Khosro Hossienzadeh, Afshin Maleki, Reza Ghanbari, Reza Rezaee, Mahdi Safari, Behzad Shahmoradi, Hiua Daraei, Ali Jafari, Kaan Yetilmezsoy, Shivaraju Harikaranahalli Puttaiah

ABSTRACT

Azo dyes represent the most commonly used group of dyes in the textile industry. These organic dyes are mainly resistant to biodegradation and may exhibit toxic and carcinogenic properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of doping zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) with transition metals (silver, manganese, and copper) on the photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO NPs in the removal of Direct Blue 15 dye from aqueous environments under ultraviolet (UV) radiation and visible light irradiation. One or two metals were used for doping the NPs. In total, seven types of undoped and transition metal-doped NPs were synthesized using the thermal solvent method with ZnO precursors and transition metal salts. The characteristics of the synthesized NPs were determined based on the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and zeta potential measurements. The produced ZnO NPs did not exhibit any particular photocatalytic activities under UV radiation and visible light irradiation. The highest removal efficiency under UV radiation was about 74% in the presence of silver-doped ZnO NPs, while the maximum efficiency under visible light was 70% in the presence of copper-doped ZnO NPs. The lowest removal efficiency was related to pure ZnO, which was 18.4% and 14.6% under UV and visible light irradiation, respectively. Although the efficiency of dye removal under visible light was not high compared to UV radiation, this efficiency was noteworthy in terms of both practical and economic aspects since it was achieved without the presence of ultraviolet radiation. The synthesis of transition metal-doped ZnO nanophotocatalysts (with one or two metals) under UV radiation or visible light irradiation could be used as an efficient and promising technology for the photocatalytic removal of Direct Blue 15 dye from aqueous environments. More... »

PAGES

1-14

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2014-07. Reactive Red 120 dye removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on nano-alumina in JOURNAL OF WATER CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2014-12. Humic acid degradation by the synthesized flower-like Ag/ZnO nanostructure as an efficient photocatalyst in JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40201-019-00366-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40201-019-00366-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113171881


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