Kinetics and thermodynamic studies for removal of methylene blue dye by biosynthesize copper oxide nanoparticles and its antibacterial activity View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-02-28

AUTHORS

Saruchi ., Priyanka Thakur, Vaneet Kumar

ABSTRACT

The present study deals with the green approach for the biosynthesis of copper oxide-Aloe vera (CuO-A) based nanoparticles using leaf extract of Aloe barbadensis miller. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized through different techniques like TEM and FTIR. As the size decreases and surface area increases, these are prominently used as a very good adsorbent. The effects of different parameters like adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time, initial dye concentration and temperature are optimised to get the maximum removal of methylene blue dye from the solution. The maximum dye removal was found to be 98.89% with initial concentration of 100 mg/L at alkaline pH in 210 min., with shaking speed of 150 rpm. The Langmuir result reveals a better consistency than the Freundlich model with 95.5 mg/g. Lagergren’s model was used to study the kinetics of the system. Mechanistic behaviour was study through intra-particle diffusion study and Boyd plot. Thermodynamic study showed spontaneous and endothermic nature of the adsorption. Furthermore, synthesized CuO-A nanoparticles showed good antibacterial activity against different strains of bacteria. The zone of inhibition was found to be 11 mm, 12 mm, 8 mm and 9 mm in Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus and E.coli, respectively. More... »

PAGES

1-10

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003-10. Investing in nanotechnology in NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2003-10. Commercializing nanotechnology in NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY
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