Mechanical properties and microstructural study of homogeneous and heterogeneous laser welds in α, β, and α + β titanium alloys View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-01

AUTHORS

Laurent Weiss, J. Zollinger, P. Sallamand, E. Cicala, A. Mathieu, E. Fleury

ABSTRACT

Heterogeneous welding has been investigated for three different couples of titanium alloys: α/α + β, α/β, and α + β/β. Plates of 100 × 60 mm and 1.6 or 1.8 mm thick were welded with a Yb:YAG laser. Tensile tests show that the resistance of the heterogeneous welded specimens was generally controlled by those of the weakest material except for the α + β/β where the ultimate tensile strength was approximately equal to the average value of both materials. In every case, the elongation of the welded sample was found to be smaller than that of the base metals. The rupture generally took place outside the weld metal and was found to be most of the time located in the alloy having the lowest mechanical properties. Nevertheless, a few large-size porosities detected by tomography in the α + β/β couple could explain why rupture for these samples occurred in the weld bead. For each couple, the porosities were situated at the board between the heat-affected zone and the molten zone. EBSD maps and EDX enabled the observation of different microstructures, which could be correlated to the heterogeneous composition and diffusion into the melted bath. When the stable microstructure of one of the couple alloys is the β phase, the molten zone of the bead consists of an alternative disposition of thin layers made of large equiaxed β grains and nano-martensite α′. That is explained by the weak diffusion of the alloying elements. More... »

PAGES

1-10

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105809849


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Lorraine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29172.3f", 
          "name": [
            "LEM3, Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, Ile du Saulcy, 57000, Metz, France", 
            "Laboratory of Excellence for Design of Alloy Metals for Low-mass Structures (\u2018DAMAS\u2019 Labex), Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, Metz, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Weiss", 
        "givenName": "Laurent", 
        "id": "sg:person.016645747145.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016645747145.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institut Jean Lamour", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.461892.0", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratory of Excellence for Design of Alloy Metals for Low-mass Structures (\u2018DAMAS\u2019 Labex), Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, Metz, France", 
            "Department of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Engineering, Institut Jean Lamour, Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, Parc de Saurupt, F-54011, Nancy, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zollinger", 
        "givenName": "J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.015306162627.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015306162627.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Universit\u00e9 de Bourgogne, 12 rue de la fonderie, 71200, Le Creusot, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sallamand", 
        "givenName": "P.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010734252111.80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010734252111.80"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Universit\u00e9 de Bourgogne, 12 rue de la fonderie, 71200, Le Creusot, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Cicala", 
        "givenName": "E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010514371621.53", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010514371621.53"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Universit\u00e9 de Bourgogne, 12 rue de la fonderie, 71200, Le Creusot, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mathieu", 
        "givenName": "A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010131575573.34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010131575573.34"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Lorraine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29172.3f", 
          "name": [
            "LEM3, Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, Ile du Saulcy, 57000, Metz, France", 
            "Laboratory of Excellence for Design of Alloy Metals for Low-mass Structures (\u2018DAMAS\u2019 Labex), Universit\u00e9 de Lorraine, Metz, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fleury", 
        "givenName": "E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011305411241.70", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011305411241.70"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-011-0825-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000238415", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-011-0825-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436108235901", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003127352"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2004.11.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008043309"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2013.07.009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013775665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119296126.ch48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015709946"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-999-1011-y", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017667090", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-999-1011-y"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2008.06.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022566754"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0364-5916(02)00037-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023994660"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3115(03)00194-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032785774"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3115(03)00194-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032785774"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2009.07.006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039807767"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.1992.1564", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043643805"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-014-2231-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045843425", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-014-2231-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.045", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047813594"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2012.02.035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051094131"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-01-01", 
    "description": "Heterogeneous welding has been investigated for three different couples of titanium alloys: \u03b1/\u03b1 + \u03b2, \u03b1/\u03b2, and \u03b1 + \u03b2/\u03b2. Plates of 100 \u00d7 60 mm and 1.6 or 1.8 mm thick were welded with a Yb:YAG laser. Tensile tests show that the resistance of the heterogeneous welded specimens was generally controlled by those of the weakest material except for the \u03b1 + \u03b2/\u03b2 where the ultimate tensile strength was approximately equal to the average value of both materials. In every case, the elongation of the welded sample was found to be smaller than that of the base metals. The rupture generally took place outside the weld metal and was found to be most of the time located in the alloy having the lowest mechanical properties. Nevertheless, a few large-size porosities detected by tomography in the \u03b1 + \u03b2/\u03b2 couple could explain why rupture for these samples occurred in the weld bead. For each couple, the porosities were situated at the board between the heat-affected zone and the molten zone. EBSD maps and EDX enabled the observation of different microstructures, which could be correlated to the heterogeneous composition and diffusion into the melted bath. When the stable microstructure of one of the couple alloys is the \u03b2 phase, the molten zone of the bead consists of an alternative disposition of thin layers made of large equiaxed \u03b2 grains and nano-martensite \u03b1\u2032. That is explained by the weak diffusion of the alloying elements.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136492", 
        "issn": [
          "0043-2288", 
          "1878-6669"
        ], 
        "name": "Welding in the World", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Mechanical properties and microstructural study of homogeneous and heterogeneous laser welds in \u03b1, \u03b2, and \u03b1 + \u03b2 titanium alloys", 
    "pagination": "1-10", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "af0109b3b5249a6ac02ec6df32f2d7b1a9a46ec96851b9a188e72374d6eb6806"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1105809849"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105809849"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T15:47", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8664_00000494.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

143 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      39 URIs      17 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N087ec95a2637485182229397a16b245b
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-011-0825-6
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-014-2231-3
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-999-1011-y
7 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119296126.ch48
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2012.02.035
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.045
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2008.06.008
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2009.07.006
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2013.07.009
13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2004.11.014
14 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3115(03)00194-6
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0364-5916(02)00037-8
16 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436108235901
17 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.1992.1564
18 schema:datePublished 2019-01
19 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-01-01
20 schema:description Heterogeneous welding has been investigated for three different couples of titanium alloys: α/α + β, α/β, and α + β/β. Plates of 100 × 60 mm and 1.6 or 1.8 mm thick were welded with a Yb:YAG laser. Tensile tests show that the resistance of the heterogeneous welded specimens was generally controlled by those of the weakest material except for the α + β/β where the ultimate tensile strength was approximately equal to the average value of both materials. In every case, the elongation of the welded sample was found to be smaller than that of the base metals. The rupture generally took place outside the weld metal and was found to be most of the time located in the alloy having the lowest mechanical properties. Nevertheless, a few large-size porosities detected by tomography in the α + β/β couple could explain why rupture for these samples occurred in the weld bead. For each couple, the porosities were situated at the board between the heat-affected zone and the molten zone. EBSD maps and EDX enabled the observation of different microstructures, which could be correlated to the heterogeneous composition and diffusion into the melted bath. When the stable microstructure of one of the couple alloys is the β phase, the molten zone of the bead consists of an alternative disposition of thin layers made of large equiaxed β grains and nano-martensite α′. That is explained by the weak diffusion of the alloying elements.
21 schema:genre research_article
22 schema:inLanguage en
23 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
24 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1136492
25 schema:name Mechanical properties and microstructural study of homogeneous and heterogeneous laser welds in α, β, and α + β titanium alloys
26 schema:pagination 1-10
27 schema:productId N1bfd5358e01c4fcd9a88302d98c09834
28 N25e06cf0794e4c768fcb1a4dcb561b97
29 N2dd2311fe64e438c9e29f10cc829e7e7
30 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105809849
31 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1
32 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T15:47
33 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
34 schema:sdPublisher N9904f4fc294f49f7aad06ec145477af1
35 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1
36 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
37 sgo:sdDataset articles
38 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
39 N087ec95a2637485182229397a16b245b rdf:first sg:person.016645747145.63
40 rdf:rest N36af69857a804b5bb584376da06628f2
41 N1bfd5358e01c4fcd9a88302d98c09834 schema:name dimensions_id
42 schema:value pub.1105809849
43 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
44 N25e06cf0794e4c768fcb1a4dcb561b97 schema:name readcube_id
45 schema:value af0109b3b5249a6ac02ec6df32f2d7b1a9a46ec96851b9a188e72374d6eb6806
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 N2dd2311fe64e438c9e29f10cc829e7e7 schema:name doi
48 schema:value 10.1007/s40194-018-0627-1
49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
50 N36af69857a804b5bb584376da06628f2 rdf:first sg:person.015306162627.53
51 rdf:rest N90cfae0297fa4bf3bc001eb16c96fb3f
52 N8757a26f6eb34f189501f6b18c7edf4b rdf:first sg:person.011305411241.70
53 rdf:rest rdf:nil
54 N90cfae0297fa4bf3bc001eb16c96fb3f rdf:first sg:person.010734252111.80
55 rdf:rest Nc836b8e5e0e64f81b5e1173914c38f65
56 N9904f4fc294f49f7aad06ec145477af1 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
57 rdf:type schema:Organization
58 Nc836b8e5e0e64f81b5e1173914c38f65 rdf:first sg:person.010514371621.53
59 rdf:rest Ne73f4771e33b48be98e5b17550ff7662
60 Ne73f4771e33b48be98e5b17550ff7662 rdf:first sg:person.010131575573.34
61 rdf:rest N8757a26f6eb34f189501f6b18c7edf4b
62 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
63 schema:name Engineering
64 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
65 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
66 schema:name Materials Engineering
67 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
68 sg:journal.1136492 schema:issn 0043-2288
69 1878-6669
70 schema:name Welding in the World
71 rdf:type schema:Periodical
72 sg:person.010131575573.34 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9
73 schema:familyName Mathieu
74 schema:givenName A.
75 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010131575573.34
76 rdf:type schema:Person
77 sg:person.010514371621.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9
78 schema:familyName Cicala
79 schema:givenName E.
80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010514371621.53
81 rdf:type schema:Person
82 sg:person.010734252111.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9
83 schema:familyName Sallamand
84 schema:givenName P.
85 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010734252111.80
86 rdf:type schema:Person
87 sg:person.011305411241.70 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29172.3f
88 schema:familyName Fleury
89 schema:givenName E.
90 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011305411241.70
91 rdf:type schema:Person
92 sg:person.015306162627.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.461892.0
93 schema:familyName Zollinger
94 schema:givenName J.
95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015306162627.53
96 rdf:type schema:Person
97 sg:person.016645747145.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29172.3f
98 schema:familyName Weiss
99 schema:givenName Laurent
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016645747145.63
101 rdf:type schema:Person
102 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-011-0825-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000238415
103 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-011-0825-6
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-014-2231-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045843425
106 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-014-2231-3
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-999-1011-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017667090
109 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-999-1011-y
110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
111 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119296126.ch48 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015709946
112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
113 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2012.02.035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051094131
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047813594
116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
117 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2008.06.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022566754
118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
119 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2009.07.006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039807767
120 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
121 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2013.07.009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013775665
122 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
123 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2004.11.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008043309
124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
125 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-3115(03)00194-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032785774
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0364-5916(02)00037-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023994660
128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
129 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436108235901 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003127352
130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
131 https://doi.org/10.1557/jmr.1992.1564 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043643805
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.29172.3f schema:alternateName University of Lorraine
134 schema:name LEM3, Université de Lorraine, Ile du Saulcy, 57000, Metz, France
135 Laboratory of Excellence for Design of Alloy Metals for Low-mass Structures (‘DAMAS’ Labex), Université de Lorraine, Metz, France
136 rdf:type schema:Organization
137 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.461892.0 schema:alternateName Institut Jean Lamour
138 schema:name Department of Metallurgy and Materials Science and Engineering, Institut Jean Lamour, Université de Lorraine, Parc de Saurupt, F-54011, Nancy, France
139 Laboratory of Excellence for Design of Alloy Metals for Low-mass Structures (‘DAMAS’ Labex), Université de Lorraine, Metz, France
140 rdf:type schema:Organization
141 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463796.9 schema:alternateName Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne
142 schema:name Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire Carnot de Bourgogne, Université de Bourgogne, 12 rue de la fonderie, 71200, Le Creusot, France
143 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...