Lucrative future of microalgal biofuels in Pakistan: a review View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-10-23

AUTHORS

Maleeha Manzoor, Fouzia Tabssum, Hira Javaid, Javed Iqbal Qazi

ABSTRACT

Pond-grown microalgae have been considered as feedstocks for production of biodiesel. Various natural habitats and man-made environments can be exploited to cultivate microalgae without utilizing arable land which is already decreasing due to urbanization and industrial development. Suitable temperature, solar illumination and availability of phosphorus and nitrogen-rich organic wastes result in algal blooms in stagnant water and river bank’s associated pools in many regions including Pakistan. However, for practical application different land areas and effluents of varying natural and man-influenced environments are to be screened for promoting growth and fat-rich body composition of microalgal biomass. Lessons from well-established science of continuous culturing of bacteria can be applied for the open systems with provisions of semi-controlled physico-chemical conditions. In situ microalgal cultivation ponds may be declared mandatory for suitable industries and they can also be cultivated along the banks of rivers. Such efforts will lead to the production of biodiesel, environmental management of effluents and usage of the oil extracted/defatted algal biomass as animal feed supplement. The triad of biofuel production, bioremediation of suitable effluents and provision of animal feed/its supplement would obviously achieve economical feasibility. Different prospects of microalgal cultivation in different localities of Pakistan are discussed with reference to profitable investments. More... »

PAGES

393-403

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1996-03. Manipulation of microalgal lipid production using genetic engineering in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2009-11-01. Chlorella minutissima—A Promising Fuel Alga for Cultivation in Municipal Wastewaters in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2008-03-04. Second Generation Biofuels: High-Efficiency Microalgae for Biodiesel Production in BIOENERGY RESEARCH
  • 2012-12-05. Biodiesel production from microalgal isolates of southern Pakistan and quantification of FAMEs by GC-MS/MS analysis in BMC CHEMISTRY
  • 2001-08. Growth of benthic freshwater algae on dairy manures in JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY
  • 2011-05-13. Lipid Production by Culturing Oleaginous Yeast and Algae with Food Waste and Municipal Wastewater in an Integrated Process in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2011-03-09. Integration of microalgae cultivation with industrial waste remediation for biofuel and bioenergy production: opportunities and limitations in PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESEARCH
  • 2005-03. Continuous hydrogen photoproduction by Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2008-11-04. Microalgae as a raw material for biofuels production in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2008-07-03. Biomass Productivities in Wild Type and Pigment Mutant of Cyclotella sp. (Diatom) in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2006-05-20. CO2 Mitigation and Renewable Oil from Photosynthetic Microbes: A New Appraisal in MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE
  • 2008-09-16. Effects of nitrogen sources on cell growth and lipid accumulation of green alga Neochloris oleoabundans in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2009-03-31. Design and analysis of biodiesel production from algae grown through carbon sequestration in CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
  • 2009-06-09. Culture of Microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in Wastewater for Biomass Feedstock Production in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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