Self-efficacy beliefs of medical students: a critical review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-04

AUTHORS

Robert M. Klassen, Joel R. L. Klassen

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Self-efficacy is a theoretically and empirically robust motivation belief that has been shown to play an important role in the learning and development of new skills and knowledge. In this article, we critically review research on the self-efficacy beliefs of medical students, with a goal to evaluate the existing research and to strengthen future work. In particular, we sought to describe the state of research on medical student self-efficacy and to critically examine the conceptualization and measurement of the construct. Finally, we aimed to provide directions for future self-efficacy research. METHODS: We critically reviewed 74 published articles that included measures of self-efficacy beliefs of medical students. RESULTS: Our review showed that (a) research on the self-efficacy beliefs of medical students is growing and is becoming increasingly international, and (b) that nearly half (46%) of self-efficacy measures showed conceptual and operational flaws. DISCUSSION: Our critical review of 74 research studies on self-efficacy of medical students found that although research in the field is increasing, nearly half of measures labelled as self-efficacy were incongruent with the conceptual guidelines set by self-efficacy experts. We provide five suggestions for future research on the self-efficacy of medical students. More... »

PAGES

76-82

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101223990

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29484552


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1303", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Specialist Studies In Education", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/13", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Education", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of York", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5685.e", 
          "name": [
            "University of York, York, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Klassen", 
        "givenName": "Robert M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01006302736.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01006302736.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Hull York Medical School", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413631.2", 
          "name": [
            "Hull York Medical School, York, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Klassen", 
        "givenName": "Joel R. L.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1283", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001802421"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328015tlm1204_7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008226621"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.12406", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011566954"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.96.1.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013921274"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2004.01960.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018405123"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.44.9.1175", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024709746"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206311410606", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025449465"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206311410606", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025449465"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206311410606", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025449465"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028865861"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.02.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034851606"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039301676"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.05.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042170789"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511614446.015", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043640485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/10401339409539688", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045391156"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0b013e318253dcdb", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047726156"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0b013e318253dcdb", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047726156"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12909-015-0427-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048131937", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-015-0427-x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2012.04284.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048903723"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/jom.0b013e3182a50016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049386914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/jom.0b013e3182a50016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049386914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/jom.0b013e3182a50016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049386914"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40037-012-0012-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051156610", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-012-0012-5"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.11607/ebh.001516", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063329590"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543066004543", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070970282"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543066004543", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070970282"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.001.0001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098761631"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-04", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-04-01", 
    "description": "INTRODUCTION: Self-efficacy is a\u00a0theoretically and empirically robust motivation belief that has been shown to play an important role in the learning and development of new skills and knowledge. In this article, we critically review research on the self-efficacy beliefs of medical students, with a\u00a0goal to evaluate the existing research and to strengthen future work. In particular, we sought to describe the state of research on medical student self-efficacy and to critically examine the conceptualization and measurement of the construct. Finally, we aimed to provide directions for future self-efficacy research.\nMETHODS: We critically reviewed 74\u00a0published articles that included measures of self-efficacy beliefs of medical students.\nRESULTS: Our review showed that (a)\u00a0research on the self-efficacy beliefs of medical students is growing and is becoming increasingly international, and (b)\u00a0that nearly half (46%) of self-efficacy measures showed conceptual and operational flaws.\nDISCUSSION: Our critical review of 74\u00a0research studies on self-efficacy of medical students found that although research in the field is increasing, nearly half of measures labelled as self-efficacy were incongruent with the conceptual guidelines set by self-efficacy experts. We provide five suggestions for future research on the self-efficacy of medical students.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1035596", 
        "issn": [
          "2212-2761", 
          "2212-277X"
        ], 
        "name": "Perspectives on Medical Education", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "7"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Self-efficacy beliefs of medical students: a critical review", 
    "pagination": "76-82", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f5b52427b2175d7b7c65e6e77f9fcedcb23fede0d6417cdfe71564b09cc26835"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "29484552"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101590643"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1101223990"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101223990"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000348_0000000348/records_54298_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs40037-018-0411-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

143 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      50 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:13
2 anzsrc-for:1303
3 schema:author Nd59e00781d9947fd84d7a422549bd6cb
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s40037-012-0012-5
5 sg:pub.10.1186/s12909-015-0427-x
6 https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1283
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.02.001
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.05.007
9 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511614446.015
10 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.44.9.1175
11 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.96.1.56
12 https://doi.org/10.1080/10401339409539688
13 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.001.0001
14 https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0b013e318253dcdb
15 https://doi.org/10.1097/jom.0b013e3182a50016
16 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2012.04284.x
17 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2004.01960.x
18 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x
19 https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.12406
20 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1
21 https://doi.org/10.11607/ebh.001516
22 https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206311410606
23 https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328015tlm1204_7
24 https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543066004543
25 schema:datePublished 2018-04
26 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-04-01
27 schema:description INTRODUCTION: Self-efficacy is a theoretically and empirically robust motivation belief that has been shown to play an important role in the learning and development of new skills and knowledge. In this article, we critically review research on the self-efficacy beliefs of medical students, with a goal to evaluate the existing research and to strengthen future work. In particular, we sought to describe the state of research on medical student self-efficacy and to critically examine the conceptualization and measurement of the construct. Finally, we aimed to provide directions for future self-efficacy research. METHODS: We critically reviewed 74 published articles that included measures of self-efficacy beliefs of medical students. RESULTS: Our review showed that (a) research on the self-efficacy beliefs of medical students is growing and is becoming increasingly international, and (b) that nearly half (46%) of self-efficacy measures showed conceptual and operational flaws. DISCUSSION: Our critical review of 74 research studies on self-efficacy of medical students found that although research in the field is increasing, nearly half of measures labelled as self-efficacy were incongruent with the conceptual guidelines set by self-efficacy experts. We provide five suggestions for future research on the self-efficacy of medical students.
28 schema:genre research_article
29 schema:inLanguage en
30 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
31 schema:isPartOf N056001bad1aa420fa369e5d0b0609e5c
32 N9a00c13f20154bcfb24b84ddac7042b0
33 sg:journal.1035596
34 schema:name Self-efficacy beliefs of medical students: a critical review
35 schema:pagination 76-82
36 schema:productId N2aa4c5edf02e44b88bf22a5826ff728c
37 N3969c3f0d5804ccc8f6d66d325c0610b
38 N64d0f2c516034870874206dc2f604d9c
39 Nb311167f58894dc591a85effd600e1fd
40 Nb65faf44ae4c484088504b61fabf34ae
41 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101223990
42 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3
43 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:15
44 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
45 schema:sdPublisher Ne2d41b3e9e0443e8aecb81610ce0476a
46 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs40037-018-0411-3
47 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
48 sgo:sdDataset articles
49 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
50 N056001bad1aa420fa369e5d0b0609e5c schema:issueNumber 2
51 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
52 N2aa4c5edf02e44b88bf22a5826ff728c schema:name readcube_id
53 schema:value f5b52427b2175d7b7c65e6e77f9fcedcb23fede0d6417cdfe71564b09cc26835
54 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
55 N3969c3f0d5804ccc8f6d66d325c0610b schema:name dimensions_id
56 schema:value pub.1101223990
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N49f05288af684671b6d0b35a371d66b4 rdf:first Nbdd32ebeeeb24df2b23967a22775c050
59 rdf:rest rdf:nil
60 N64d0f2c516034870874206dc2f604d9c schema:name nlm_unique_id
61 schema:value 101590643
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 N9a00c13f20154bcfb24b84ddac7042b0 schema:volumeNumber 7
64 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
65 Nb311167f58894dc591a85effd600e1fd schema:name pubmed_id
66 schema:value 29484552
67 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
68 Nb65faf44ae4c484088504b61fabf34ae schema:name doi
69 schema:value 10.1007/s40037-018-0411-3
70 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
71 Nbdd32ebeeeb24df2b23967a22775c050 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413631.2
72 schema:familyName Klassen
73 schema:givenName Joel R. L.
74 rdf:type schema:Person
75 Nd59e00781d9947fd84d7a422549bd6cb rdf:first sg:person.01006302736.33
76 rdf:rest N49f05288af684671b6d0b35a371d66b4
77 Ne2d41b3e9e0443e8aecb81610ce0476a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
78 rdf:type schema:Organization
79 anzsrc-for:13 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
80 schema:name Education
81 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
82 anzsrc-for:1303 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
83 schema:name Specialist Studies In Education
84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
85 sg:journal.1035596 schema:issn 2212-2761
86 2212-277X
87 schema:name Perspectives on Medical Education
88 rdf:type schema:Periodical
89 sg:person.01006302736.33 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5685.e
90 schema:familyName Klassen
91 schema:givenName Robert M.
92 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01006302736.33
93 rdf:type schema:Person
94 sg:pub.10.1007/s40037-012-0012-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051156610
95 https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-012-0012-5
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 sg:pub.10.1186/s12909-015-0427-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048131937
98 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-015-0427-x
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1283 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001802421
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2004.02.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034851606
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2011.05.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042170789
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511614446.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043640485
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.44.9.1175 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024709746
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.96.1.56 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013921274
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1080/10401339409539688 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045391156
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.001.0001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098761631
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0b013e318253dcdb schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047726156
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1097/jom.0b013e3182a50016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049386914
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2923.2012.04284.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048903723
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2929.2004.01960.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018405123
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039301676
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.12406 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011566954
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028865861
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.11607/ebh.001516 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063329590
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206311410606 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025449465
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://doi.org/10.1207/s15328015tlm1204_7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008226621
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543066004543 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070970282
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413631.2 schema:alternateName Hull York Medical School
139 schema:name Hull York Medical School, York, UK
140 rdf:type schema:Organization
141 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5685.e schema:alternateName University of York
142 schema:name University of York, York, UK
143 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...