Establishing Cranio-Dental Keys for Human and Non-Human Primates: Implication in Forensic Investigations View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2021-10-31

AUTHORS

Jyotirmoy Roy, Abhishek Singh, M. M. Rohith, Lalit K. Sharma, Abraham Johnson, Hemant Joshi, Venkatraman Chinnadurai, Kailash Chandra, Mukesh Thakur

ABSTRACT

Establishing species identity in wildlife forensics and anthropology is pre-requisite fo prosecution of the legal cases and successful implementation of the regional laws and acts. However, identifying osteological collection, e.g., bones, skulls and skeleton of phylogenetically closely related species is a daunting task due to the taxonomic similarities and shared attributes among the species. In this context, fragmented samples like bones, tooth, and skulls are crucial source of evidences for undertaking any forensic assignments particularly in cases of mass fatality scenario. The present study established various metric and non-metric parameters among the skulls of human and non-human primates indigenous to India. The metric parameters and the linear measurements of teeth were dimorphic and found to be used as potential keys for species identification. The inter-canine distance of both the arches varied significantly among the species. In the non-metric parameters, the postorbital constriction and the supra-orbital ridge anatomy was found to be the best distinguishing factor. This study has introduced a baseline reference dataset of paired cranio-dental parameters to distinguish between the skulls of human and non-human primates. More... »

PAGES

27-35

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-05-08. Craniodental variation among Macaques (Macaca), nonhuman primates in BMC ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION
  • 2013-06-21. Children and the Human-Animal Bond: Minimizing Pet Loss During Disasters in TEACHING COMPASSION: HUMANE EDUCATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD
  • 2004. The Evolution of High Visual Acuity in the Anthropoidea in ANTHROPOID ORIGINS
  • 1967-03. Ecology and Taxonomy of the Gorilla in NATURE
  • 2011-08-30. Integrating forensic anthropology into disaster victim identification in FORENSIC SCIENCE, MEDICINE AND PATHOLOGY
  • 1975. Strepsirhine Basicranial Structures and the Affinities of the Cheirogaleidae in PHYLOGENY OF THE PRIMATES
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40011-021-01306-2

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40011-021-01306-2

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