Edaphic Stresses and Agricultural Sustainability: An Indian Perspective View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-03

AUTHORS

P. S. Minhas, G. P. Obi Reddy

ABSTRACT

Increase in agricultural productivity in India is likely to come primarily from sustained intensification, but the increases in the recent past have been accompanied by severe degradation of agroecosystems and the resultant edaphic constraints. The emerging nutrient deficiencies with mining (8–10 million tonnes of NPK annually) along with acidity (pH < 5.5 in 17.93 M ha), salinity (6.73 M ha) and soil contaminants are the most common chemical stresses. Among the physical stresses, severe soil erosivity (water 82.47 M ha and wind 12.40 M ha), shallow soils (26.4 M ha), soil hardening (21.4 M ha) and low water holding capacity (13.75 M ha) threaten the soil productivity. The soils are inherently low in low organic carbon, and climate change is further impacting the farming systems. Conservative estimates show that about two-third losses in agricultural production are caused by these edaphic factors. Therefore, to alleviate the adverse effects of multiple edaphic factors, a holistic approach to build up systems perspectives is urgently required. The new tools emerging especially in the areas of conservation agriculture, precision irrigation technologies, biotechnology and omic sciences etc., are opening up new opportunities for tackling these stresses. More... »

PAGES

8-21

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s40003-016-0236-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40003-016-0236-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001768234


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