Safety, tolerability, and feasibility of antifungal prophylaxis with micafungin at 2 mg/kg daily in pediatric patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-08

AUTHORS

K. Yoshikawa, Y. Nakazawa, Y. Katsuyama, K. Hirabayashi, S. Saito, T. Shigemura, M. Tanaka, R. Yanagisawa, K. Sakashita, K. Koike

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Micafungin (MCFG) is used for the prophylaxis of invasive fungal disease (IFD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the safety, efficacy, or optimal dosage/blood levels as prophylaxis is uncertain in pediatric HSCT-patients. METHODS: We prophylactically administered MCFG at 2 mg/kg once daily to 38 children and adolescents undergoing allogeneic HSCT. RESULTS: During MCFG prophylaxis, infusion reactions or adverse events (grades 2-5) related to MCFG use were not found in all the patients. Thus, MCFG prophylaxis was not discontinued and other antifungal agents were not added except for 2 patients in whom probable or possible IFDs developed (completion rate, 94.7 %). To elucidate the influence of HSCT-related complications/drugs on blood concentration of MCFG, we determined the plasma trough and peak levels in 13 and 10 among 38 patients, respectively. The mean trough and peak levels were 3.04 ± 1.21 μg/mL (569 samples) and 9.63 ± 3.62 μg/mL (44 samples), respectively. The peak levels were moderately correlated to the trough levels (R (2) = 0.466). In a patient, the trough level of MCFG transiently increased up to 10.21 μg/mL during hepatic dysfunction due to acute graft-versus-host disease. The MCFG trough levels strongly correlated with T-Bil value (R (2) = 0.894). There was no relationship between the trough levels of MCFG and the circulating concentrations of tacrolimus (R (2) = 0.040). Additionally, MCFG levels were not influenced by treatment with cyclophosphamide or corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylaxis with MCFG at 2 mg/kg once daily may be safe, tolerable, and feasible in pediatric HSCT-patients. More... »

PAGES

639-647

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s15010-014-0601-9

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-014-0601-9

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053593342

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24567233


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45 schema:description INTRODUCTION: Micafungin (MCFG) is used for the prophylaxis of invasive fungal disease (IFD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the safety, efficacy, or optimal dosage/blood levels as prophylaxis is uncertain in pediatric HSCT-patients. METHODS: We prophylactically administered MCFG at 2 mg/kg once daily to 38 children and adolescents undergoing allogeneic HSCT. RESULTS: During MCFG prophylaxis, infusion reactions or adverse events (grades 2-5) related to MCFG use were not found in all the patients. Thus, MCFG prophylaxis was not discontinued and other antifungal agents were not added except for 2 patients in whom probable or possible IFDs developed (completion rate, 94.7 %). To elucidate the influence of HSCT-related complications/drugs on blood concentration of MCFG, we determined the plasma trough and peak levels in 13 and 10 among 38 patients, respectively. The mean trough and peak levels were 3.04 ± 1.21 μg/mL (569 samples) and 9.63 ± 3.62 μg/mL (44 samples), respectively. The peak levels were moderately correlated to the trough levels (R (2) = 0.466). In a patient, the trough level of MCFG transiently increased up to 10.21 μg/mL during hepatic dysfunction due to acute graft-versus-host disease. The MCFG trough levels strongly correlated with T-Bil value (R (2) = 0.894). There was no relationship between the trough levels of MCFG and the circulating concentrations of tacrolimus (R (2) = 0.040). Additionally, MCFG levels were not influenced by treatment with cyclophosphamide or corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS: Prophylaxis with MCFG at 2 mg/kg once daily may be safe, tolerable, and feasible in pediatric HSCT-patients.
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