HIV Infection among Low-Risk First Lifetime Testers in Rome, 1990–2000 View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-04

AUTHORS

V. Galati, D. Serraino, V. Puro, N. Orchi, G. De Carli, P. Scognamiglio, E. Nicastri, P. Piselli, G. Nurra, C. Angeletti, E. Girardi, G. Ippolito

ABSTRACT

Background:HIV spread among low-risk populations through heterosexual intercourse is a major public health concern. This study was aimed at describing prevalence and determinants of HIV infection among Italian low-risk subjects seeking their first lifetime HIV test.Patients and Methods:Information collected between January 1990 and December 2000 at a major counseling and testing site in Rome, Italy, was analyzed. Multiple logistic regression odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed.Results:Among the 14,313 study subjects, 64 (0.4%) were seropositive for HIV infection. HIV seropositivity increased with age (OR = 4.0, 95% CI: 2.1–7.6 for ≥ 40 years vs 18–24), and it seemed to be more common among men (OR = 1.6, lower 95% CI:0.9). There was no evidence of temporal variations, whereas motivations for HIV testing were strongly associated with HIV prevalence. Testing for alarming symptoms (OR = 13.8) or for heterosexual intercourse (OR = 11.0) were associated with a more than 10-fold increased HIV risk.Conclusion:Our findings are consistent with data from other industrialized countries and they show a strong association between HIV seropositivity and reason for first-time testing. Moreover, they indicate a stable trend of HIV prevalence among low-risk persons in the last decade. Further studies on time trends in low-risk populations would be useful to evaluate current HIV prevention programs. More... »

PAGES

61-65

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s15010-005-4040-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s15010-005-4040-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008952000

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15827872


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