Cadmium tolerance in rice cultivars associated with antioxidant enzymes activities and Fe/Zn concentrations View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-09-26

AUTHORS

J. Afzal, C. Hu, M. Imtiaz, A. M. Elyamine, M. S. Rana, M. Imran, M. A. Farag

ABSTRACT

Cadmium stress is the most opposing environmental factor that affects plant growth and subsequently the food chain supply. This particular study is related to effects of Cd on rice cultivars. In order to prove the above argument, the response of ten elite cultivars of rice was exposed to different levels of CdCl2 (0, 50 and 100 µM). The Cd toxicity reduced the root and shoot lengths, and in fresh and dry biomass in all the genotypes. The maximum reduction was found at 100 µM of Cd in Guang 1298 and in Shan 63. The antioxidant enzymes activities, superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase increased up to a certain level in aerial part under Cd toxicity; the maximum activity was found in Qi 908 and Lu 9083. It was also observed that the Cd toxicity reduced the translocation from roots to shoots (of/in) Fe and Zn; however, the accumulation of these elements was higher in roots as compared to shoots. The accumulation of Cd in the shoots and roots was found maximum at 100 µM of Cd. The bio-concentration factor (BCF) from root to shoot showed variation among all the cultivars; the BCF was recorded more at 50 than 100 µM of Cd. The translocation factor (TF) of Cd from root to shoot ranged from 0.11 to 0.17 and 0.09 to 0.30 against 50 and 100 µM of Cd, respectively. Resultantly, the genotypes: Qi 908 and Lu 9803, proved to be resistant, while Shan 63 and Guang 1298 showed sensitivity when exposed to different levels of Cd. More... »

PAGES

1-12

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13762-018-2018-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-2018-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107258205


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