A new combination of microfiltration, powdered activated carbon and coagulation for treatment of oily wastewater View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-07-31

AUTHORS

Y. Rasouli, M. Abbasi, S. A. Hashemifard

ABSTRACT

In this paper, home-made mullite and mullite–alumina microfiltration membranes fabricated by extrusion and sintering procedures employed in novel microfiltration-powdered activated carbon–coagulation hybrid process for oily wastewater (or oil-in-water emulsion) treatment. Powdered activated carbon and four types of coagulants: aluminum chloride, aluminum sulfate, ferrous chloride and ferrous sulfate plus equal concentration of calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 was added to the oily wastewater in the hybrid process. Powdered activated carbon was used as adsorbent agent in all tests. All experiments were performed under the best operating condition of cross-flow velocity = 1.5 m s−1, transmembrane pressure = 3 bar and temperature = 35 °C. Total organic hydrocarbon rejection and permeate flux of membranes for each test were reported and discussed. Hermia’s models for cross-flow microfiltration were used for prediction of permeate flux reduction with time for both membranes in hybrid process. Average errors between experimental and modeling permeate flux were calculated for each model and compared with the other models. Results showed that by using iron salts, total organic hydrocarbon rejection and permeate flux are higher than aluminum salts for both mullite and mullite–alumina membranes. Cake layer formation is dominant fouling mechanism under all coagulant agents and is in good agreement with experimental permeate flux for mullite and mullite–alumina membranes. More... »

PAGES

1-16

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-04. Bioadsorption by sugarcane bagasse for the reduction in oil and grease content in aqueous effluent in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-10. A system coupling hybrid biological method with UV/O3 oxidation and membrane separation for treatment and reuse of industrial laundry wastewater in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2016-11. Technical feasibility study of a low-cost hybrid PAC-UF system for wastewater reclamation and reuse: a focus on feedwater production for low-pressure boilers in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2017-04. Manufacture and optimization of low-cost tubular ceramic supports for membrane filtration: application to algal solution concentration in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2016-05. Selecting model for treatment of oily wastewater by MF-PAC hybrid process using mullite-alumina ceramic membranes in JOURNAL OF WATER CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-01. Efficiency and kinetics in treatment of wastewater from garages and residential oil spills using membrane bioreactor technology in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-09. Photocatalytic treatment of oil and grease spills in wastewater using coated N-doped TiO2 polyscales under sunlight as an alternative driving energy in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-01. Electrocoagulation for COD and diesel removal from oily wastewater in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2014-03. Modeling of coagulation-microfiltration hybrid process for treatment of oily wastewater using ceramic membranes in JOURNAL OF WATER CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY
  • 2013-10. Electrocoagulation-integrated hybrid membrane processes for the treatment of tannery wastewater in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
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