Life as Adaptive Capacity: Bringing New Life to an Old Debate View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-06

AUTHORS

Kelly C. Smith

ABSTRACT

Whatever we take “life” to mean, it must involve an attempt to describe the objective reality beyond scientists’ biases. Traditionally, this is thought to involve comparing our scientific categories to “natural kinds.” But this approach has been tainted with an implicit metaphysics, inherited from Aristotle, that does not fit biological reality. In particular, we must accept that biological categories will never be specifiable in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions or shared underlying physical structures that produce clean boundaries. Biology blurs all lines and failure to embrace this unique feature has blocked attempts to reach consensus on the meaning of “life.” Thus, while the three classical accounts (thermodynamic, metabolic, and evolutionary) all fall short of offering a complete definition, their advocates fail to realize that they share the same view of life’s ultimate, functional hallmark: its uniquely rich adaptive capacity. I develop an account of life as adaptive capacity that sidesteps debates about the relative importance of specific mechanisms and the precise location of boundaries to bring the three classical accounts together under a shared conceptual framework. More... »

PAGES

76-92

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013. What Is Life? in THE PHILOSOPHY OF BIOLOGY
  • 2012-03. Life without definitions in SYNTHESE
  • 2012-03. Why I stopped worrying about the definition of life... and why you should as well in SYNTHESE
  • 2005-04. Confrontation of the Cybernetic Definition of a Living Individual with the Real World in ACTA BIOTHEORETICA
  • 1990-03. Origins of life: An operational definition in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 2002-08. Defining ‘Life’ in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 2006-12. Definitely Life but not Definitively in ORIGINS OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION OF BIOSPHERES
  • 1991-02. Realism, anti-foundationalism and the enthusiasm for natural kinds in PHILOSOPHICAL STUDIES
  • 1987-10. Individuality, pluralism, and the phylogenetic species concept in BIOLOGY & PHILOSOPHY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Biological Theory

    ISSUE

    2

    VOLUME

    13

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13752-017-0292-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13752-017-0292-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100470686


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