Characterization of Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) Resistance to Emamectin Benzoate: Cross-Resistance Patterns and Fitness Cost Analysis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-02-11

AUTHORS

M B S Afzal, S A Shad

ABSTRACT

Cotton mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis (Tinsley) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) is a sucking pest of worldwide importance causing huge losses by feeding upon cotton in various parts of the world. Because of the importance of this pest, this research was carried out to select emamectin resistance in P. solenopsis in the laboratory to study cross-resistance, stability, realized heritability, and fitness cost of emamectin resistance. After selection from third generation (G3) to G6, P. solenopsis developed very high emamectin resistance (159.24-fold) when compared to a susceptible unselected population (Unsel pop). Population selected to emamectin benzoate conferred moderate (45.81-fold), low (14.06-fold), and no cross-resistance with abamectin, cypermethrin, and profenofos, respectively compared to the Unsel pop. A significant decline in emamectin resistance was observed in the resistant population when not exposed to emamectin from G7 to G13. The estimated realized heritability (h2) for emamectin resistance was 0.84. A high fitness cost was associated with emamectin resistance in P. solenopsis. Results of this study may be helpful in devising insecticide resistance management strategies for P. solenopsis. More... »

PAGES

310-319

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13744-016-0370-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13744-016-0370-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039720477

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26868652


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