Synthesis and application of sulfonated adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins under different molar ratios as effective leather re-tanning agents View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-10-24

AUTHORS

Rashid Saleem, Ahmad Adnan, Muhammad Hanif, Muhammad Saleem, Ki-Hwan Lee, Fahim Ashraf Qureshi

ABSTRACT

Sulfonated adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates were synthesized under different mole ratios of adipic dihydrazide, sodium metabisulfite and formaldehyde in three processing steps. Mole ratio of sodium metabisulfite to adipic dihydrazide (S/ADH) varied from 0.1 to 0.5 and formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio (F/ADH) varied from 1 to 3. Fluidity and gelling behavior of resin solutions were studied with varying degree of sulfonation and varying mole ratios of formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide. Viscosity of resins increases with increasing formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio and decreases with increasing sodium metabisulfite to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio. Stable resins were comparatively applied as re-tanning agent on chrome tanned goat skins against commercial sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin. Tensile strength, tear strength, elongation-at-break percentage, grain cracking tests of the re-tanned leathers were comparatively performed. Morphological analysis of grain surface, cross section of leather fibers re-tanned by control and synthesized resins were analyzed by scanning electron microscope which showed more compactness of the grain and fiber structures of experimental re-tanned leather. Organoleptic properties of optimally re-tanned leather show better performance in comparison to control re-tanned leather treated with sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin. Free formaldehyde contents in the resin solutions were found less than 0.05 % and 10 ppm of free formaldehyde contents in re-tanned leather with synthesized resins. Dried resin with optimum re-tanning performance showed good thermal stability evaluated by thermal gravimetric analysis. Proton NMR and FTIR techniques were used for characterization of resin functionalities. More... »

PAGES

69-78

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051457060


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Chemistry, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saleem", 
        "givenName": "Rashid", 
        "id": "sg:person.011751665321.52", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011751665321.52"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Chemistry, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Adnan", 
        "givenName": "Ahmad", 
        "id": "sg:person.01271346214.38", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01271346214.38"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412621.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hanif", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad", 
        "id": "sg:person.015244306020.19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015244306020.19"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, 314-701, Gongju, Chungnam, Republic of Korea", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411118.c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, 314-701, Gongju, Chungnam, Republic of Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saleem", 
        "givenName": "Muhammad", 
        "id": "sg:person.0775517634.43", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0775517634.43"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, 314-701, Gongju, Chungnam, Republic of Korea", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411118.c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, 314-701, Gongju, Chungnam, Republic of Korea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Lee", 
        "givenName": "Ki-Hwan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01342423234.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01342423234.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization, Comsats Institute of Information Technology, Chak Shahzad Campus, Park Road, 45600, Islamabad, Pakistan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.418920.6", 
          "name": [
            "Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization, Comsats Institute of Information Technology, Chak Shahzad Campus, Park Road, 45600, Islamabad, Pakistan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Qureshi", 
        "givenName": "Fahim Ashraf", 
        "id": "sg:person.01344065165.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01344065165.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10973-009-0617-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018675482", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-009-0617-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-007-0113-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019622588", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-007-0113-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-005-0277-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037264168", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-005-0277-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-10-24", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-10-24", 
    "description": "Sulfonated adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates were synthesized under different mole ratios of adipic dihydrazide, sodium metabisulfite and formaldehyde in three processing steps. Mole ratio of sodium metabisulfite to adipic dihydrazide (S/ADH) varied from 0.1 to 0.5 and formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio (F/ADH) varied from 1 to 3. Fluidity and gelling behavior of resin solutions were studied with varying degree of sulfonation and varying mole ratios of formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide. Viscosity of resins increases with increasing formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio and decreases with increasing sodium metabisulfite to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio. Stable resins were comparatively applied as re-tanning agent on chrome tanned goat skins against commercial sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin. Tensile strength, tear strength, elongation-at-break percentage, grain cracking tests of the re-tanned leathers were comparatively performed. Morphological analysis of grain surface, cross section of leather fibers re-tanned by control and synthesized resins were analyzed by scanning electron microscope which showed more compactness of the grain and fiber structures of experimental re-tanned leather. Organoleptic properties of optimally re-tanned leather show better performance in comparison to control re-tanned leather treated with sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin. Free formaldehyde contents in the resin solutions were found less than 0.05\u00a0% and 10\u00a0ppm of free formaldehyde contents in re-tanned leather with synthesized resins. Dried resin with optimum re-tanning performance showed good thermal stability evaluated by thermal gravimetric analysis. Proton NMR and FTIR techniques were used for characterization of resin functionalities.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136545", 
        "issn": [
          "1026-1265", 
          "1735-5265"
        ], 
        "name": "Iranian Polymer Journal", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "23"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "urea formaldehyde resin", 
      "resin solution", 
      "viscosity of resin", 
      "formaldehyde resin", 
      "cracking tests", 
      "degree of sulfonation", 
      "tensile strength", 
      "good thermal stability", 
      "adipic dihydrazide", 
      "tear strength", 
      "thermal gravimetric analysis", 
      "formaldehyde condensate", 
      "leather fibers", 
      "thermal stability", 
      "processing steps", 
      "grain surfaces", 
      "electron microscope", 
      "more compactness", 
      "fiber structure", 
      "free formaldehyde content", 
      "gravimetric analysis", 
      "gelling behavior", 
      "resin", 
      "resin functionality", 
      "synthesized resins", 
      "formaldehyde content", 
      "strength", 
      "FTIR techniques", 
      "formaldehyde-based resins", 
      "stable resins", 
      "leather", 
      "better performance", 
      "different molar ratios", 
      "Mole Ratio", 
      "performance", 
      "dihydrazide", 
      "ratio of formaldehyde", 
      "organoleptic properties", 
      "ratio", 
      "solution", 
      "viscosity", 
      "chrome", 
      "break percentage", 
      "surface", 
      "microscope", 
      "grains", 
      "molar ratio", 
      "sulfonation", 
      "elongation", 
      "morphological analysis", 
      "fibers", 
      "properties", 
      "sodium metabisulfite", 
      "formaldehyde", 
      "cross sections", 
      "compactness", 
      "content", 
      "stability", 
      "applications", 
      "behavior", 
      "structure", 
      "functionality", 
      "test", 
      "ppm", 
      "technique", 
      "characterization", 
      "step", 
      "adipic", 
      "fluidity", 
      "goat skin", 
      "analysis", 
      "sections", 
      "comparison", 
      "condensate", 
      "metabisulfite", 
      "control", 
      "degree", 
      "synthesis", 
      "percentage", 
      "agents", 
      "skin", 
      "proton NMR", 
      "NMR", 
      "adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates", 
      "dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates", 
      "re-tanning agent", 
      "commercial sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin", 
      "sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin", 
      "grain cracking tests", 
      "re-tanned leather", 
      "experimental re-tanned leather", 
      "optimum re-tanning performance", 
      "re-tanning performance", 
      "adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins", 
      "dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins", 
      "effective leather re-tanning agents", 
      "leather re-tanning agents"
    ], 
    "name": "Synthesis and application of sulfonated adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins under different molar ratios as effective leather re-tanning agents", 
    "pagination": "69-78", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1051457060"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051457060"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:28", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_600.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

211 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      125 URIs      114 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N2d856c6f00a3491ba4299fcae582fa16
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-005-0277-z
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-007-0113-8
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s10973-009-0617-z
7 schema:datePublished 2013-10-24
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-10-24
9 schema:description Sulfonated adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates were synthesized under different mole ratios of adipic dihydrazide, sodium metabisulfite and formaldehyde in three processing steps. Mole ratio of sodium metabisulfite to adipic dihydrazide (S/ADH) varied from 0.1 to 0.5 and formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio (F/ADH) varied from 1 to 3. Fluidity and gelling behavior of resin solutions were studied with varying degree of sulfonation and varying mole ratios of formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide. Viscosity of resins increases with increasing formaldehyde to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio and decreases with increasing sodium metabisulfite to adipic dihydrazide mole ratio. Stable resins were comparatively applied as re-tanning agent on chrome tanned goat skins against commercial sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin. Tensile strength, tear strength, elongation-at-break percentage, grain cracking tests of the re-tanned leathers were comparatively performed. Morphological analysis of grain surface, cross section of leather fibers re-tanned by control and synthesized resins were analyzed by scanning electron microscope which showed more compactness of the grain and fiber structures of experimental re-tanned leather. Organoleptic properties of optimally re-tanned leather show better performance in comparison to control re-tanned leather treated with sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin. Free formaldehyde contents in the resin solutions were found less than 0.05 % and 10 ppm of free formaldehyde contents in re-tanned leather with synthesized resins. Dried resin with optimum re-tanning performance showed good thermal stability evaluated by thermal gravimetric analysis. Proton NMR and FTIR techniques were used for characterization of resin functionalities.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:inLanguage en
12 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
13 schema:isPartOf N3c9e3075e66c42aca426f9fead37563d
14 Nb23cee8ec4d04e2489c208d7c31aa77b
15 sg:journal.1136545
16 schema:keywords FTIR techniques
17 Mole Ratio
18 NMR
19 adipic
20 adipic dihydrazide
21 adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates
22 adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins
23 agents
24 analysis
25 applications
26 behavior
27 better performance
28 break percentage
29 characterization
30 chrome
31 commercial sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin
32 compactness
33 comparison
34 condensate
35 content
36 control
37 cracking tests
38 cross sections
39 degree
40 degree of sulfonation
41 different molar ratios
42 dihydrazide
43 dihydrazide formaldehyde condensates
44 dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins
45 effective leather re-tanning agents
46 electron microscope
47 elongation
48 experimental re-tanned leather
49 fiber structure
50 fibers
51 fluidity
52 formaldehyde
53 formaldehyde condensate
54 formaldehyde content
55 formaldehyde resin
56 formaldehyde-based resins
57 free formaldehyde content
58 functionality
59 gelling behavior
60 goat skin
61 good thermal stability
62 grain cracking tests
63 grain surfaces
64 grains
65 gravimetric analysis
66 leather
67 leather fibers
68 leather re-tanning agents
69 metabisulfite
70 microscope
71 molar ratio
72 more compactness
73 morphological analysis
74 optimum re-tanning performance
75 organoleptic properties
76 percentage
77 performance
78 ppm
79 processing steps
80 properties
81 proton NMR
82 ratio
83 ratio of formaldehyde
84 re-tanned leather
85 re-tanning agent
86 re-tanning performance
87 resin
88 resin functionality
89 resin solution
90 sections
91 skin
92 sodium metabisulfite
93 solution
94 stability
95 stable resins
96 step
97 strength
98 structure
99 sulfonated urea formaldehyde resin
100 sulfonation
101 surface
102 synthesis
103 synthesized resins
104 tear strength
105 technique
106 tensile strength
107 test
108 thermal gravimetric analysis
109 thermal stability
110 urea formaldehyde resin
111 viscosity
112 viscosity of resin
113 schema:name Synthesis and application of sulfonated adipic dihydrazide formaldehyde-based resins under different molar ratios as effective leather re-tanning agents
114 schema:pagination 69-78
115 schema:productId N9f878d7ac69247dc9d480ab5942c8796
116 Na431409579b540b6aeca37bfde2b7989
117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051457060
118 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z
119 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:28
120 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
121 schema:sdPublisher N77f3db18386b415d8ea559e1012e428b
122 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z
123 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
124 sgo:sdDataset articles
125 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
126 N1b77d5d11b984b0988056ddc257c16c2 rdf:first sg:person.01342423234.01
127 rdf:rest N5acb7f78e162401fb3e9ba3f7cae9766
128 N2d856c6f00a3491ba4299fcae582fa16 rdf:first sg:person.011751665321.52
129 rdf:rest N63f7506ee86643c6a5be3e50dbe6ceee
130 N3c9e3075e66c42aca426f9fead37563d schema:issueNumber 1
131 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
132 N5acb7f78e162401fb3e9ba3f7cae9766 rdf:first sg:person.01344065165.55
133 rdf:rest rdf:nil
134 N63f7506ee86643c6a5be3e50dbe6ceee rdf:first sg:person.01271346214.38
135 rdf:rest Nd05d8cdd96044914aa01a9ec5ec7b79e
136 N77f3db18386b415d8ea559e1012e428b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
137 rdf:type schema:Organization
138 N9f878d7ac69247dc9d480ab5942c8796 schema:name doi
139 schema:value 10.1007/s13726-013-0201-z
140 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
141 Na431409579b540b6aeca37bfde2b7989 schema:name dimensions_id
142 schema:value pub.1051457060
143 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
144 Nb23cee8ec4d04e2489c208d7c31aa77b schema:volumeNumber 23
145 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
146 Nd05d8cdd96044914aa01a9ec5ec7b79e rdf:first sg:person.015244306020.19
147 rdf:rest Ne914e05135a74f53b5a90dd7f76dd046
148 Ne914e05135a74f53b5a90dd7f76dd046 rdf:first sg:person.0775517634.43
149 rdf:rest N1b77d5d11b984b0988056ddc257c16c2
150 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
151 schema:name Engineering
152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
153 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
154 schema:name Materials Engineering
155 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
156 sg:journal.1136545 schema:issn 1026-1265
157 1735-5265
158 schema:name Iranian Polymer Journal
159 schema:publisher Springer Nature
160 rdf:type schema:Periodical
161 sg:person.011751665321.52 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
162 schema:familyName Saleem
163 schema:givenName Rashid
164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011751665321.52
165 rdf:type schema:Person
166 sg:person.01271346214.38 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
167 schema:familyName Adnan
168 schema:givenName Ahmad
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01271346214.38
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.01342423234.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411118.c
172 schema:familyName Lee
173 schema:givenName Ki-Hwan
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01342423234.01
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.01344065165.55 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.418920.6
177 schema:familyName Qureshi
178 schema:givenName Fahim Ashraf
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01344065165.55
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 sg:person.015244306020.19 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412621.2
182 schema:familyName Hanif
183 schema:givenName Muhammad
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015244306020.19
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 sg:person.0775517634.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.411118.c
187 schema:familyName Saleem
188 schema:givenName Muhammad
189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0775517634.43
190 rdf:type schema:Person
191 sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-005-0277-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037264168
192 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-005-0277-z
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 sg:pub.10.1007/s10098-007-0113-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019622588
195 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10098-007-0113-8
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 sg:pub.10.1007/s10973-009-0617-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018675482
198 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10973-009-0617-z
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Department of Chemistry, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
201 schema:name Department of Chemistry, GC University, Katchery Road, 54000, Lahore, Pakistan
202 rdf:type schema:Organization
203 grid-institutes:grid.411118.c schema:alternateName Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, 314-701, Gongju, Chungnam, Republic of Korea
204 schema:name Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, 314-701, Gongju, Chungnam, Republic of Korea
205 rdf:type schema:Organization
206 grid-institutes:grid.412621.2 schema:alternateName Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan
207 schema:name Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, 45320, Islamabad, Pakistan
208 rdf:type schema:Organization
209 grid-institutes:grid.418920.6 schema:alternateName Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization, Comsats Institute of Information Technology, Chak Shahzad Campus, Park Road, 45600, Islamabad, Pakistan
210 schema:name Office of Research, Innovation and Commercialization, Comsats Institute of Information Technology, Chak Shahzad Campus, Park Road, 45600, Islamabad, Pakistan
211 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...