Using joint multivariate analyses of leaf morphology and molecular-genetic markers for taxon identification in three hybridizing European white oak species ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2016-05-02

AUTHORS

Christian Rellstab, Andreas Bühler, René Graf, Catherine Folly, Felix Gugerli

ABSTRACT

• Key messageWe show that joint multivariate analyses of leaf morphological characters and molecular-genetic markers improve the taxonomic assignment in hybridizing European white oaks. However, model-based approaches using genetic data alone represent straightforward alternatives to laborious, detailed morphological assessments.• ContextIn European white oaks, species delimitation is debated because of large overlap of morphological characteristics likely due to hybridization.• AimsWe tested whether joint multivariate analyses of leaf morphology and molecular markers improve the identification of three oak species (Quercus petraea, Quercus pubescens, Quercus robur) compared to approaches using morphological or genetic variables only.• MethodsWe assessed 13 leaf morphological characters and applied eight nuclear microsatellite markers in almost 1400 trees of 71 oak populations across Switzerland. We performed two multivariate approaches with three variable sets (morphology, genetics, combined) and assessed their performance in separating the taxa. We also compared the taxon assignment to a model-based clustering approach (Structure) based on genetic data alone.• ResultsA joint use of morphological and genetic variables led to an improved taxon assignment. Whereas Q. robur could clearly be separated from the two other taxa, there was a certain overlap between Q. petraea and Q. pubescens. The Structure clustering led to the same taxon assignment in 85 % of the individuals.• ConclusionIt is important to consider both morphological and genetic properties in morphologically similar and hybridizing species. However, it might be more efficient to concentrate only on genetic markers than on time-consuming morphological assessments. More... »

PAGES

669-679

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13595-016-0552-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13595-016-0552-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033982327


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