Decline of genetic diversity of sessile oak at the retracting (xeric) limits View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-09-25

AUTHORS

Attila Borovics, Csaba Mátyás

ABSTRACT

ContextGenetic diversity of sessile oak (Quercus petraea) populations in Hungary was assessed close to the retracting, low-elevation, low-latitude (xeric) distribution limits.ObjectiveWe aimed at tracing an assumed effect of climatic factors on genetic diversity, particularly at the southern, low elevation limits of distribution.MethodsGenetic diversity at isozyme-coding loci was analysed in populations, and related to the climate of the sites where the populations grow. A locus-wise analysis proved to be essential to follow responses.ResultsA climate-related cline was found at seven isoenzyme-coding gene loci. Declining allelic numbers and heterozygosity indicated lower diversity at warmer and drier sites. The majority of loci were responsive to precipitation factors, others to temperature. Genetic clustering was neither related to geographic distance nor to random or historic effects.ConclusionsThe results suggest that climatic stress may elicit a genetic diversity loss in populations, which may reduce their plasticity and adaptive potential. The selective pressure may override historic effects and gene flow. With respect to expected climate change, the correlation of diversity with some climatic factors gains specific importance. If supported by further investigations, the results might be utilised for reconsidering conservation strategies and rules for use of forest reproductive material. More... »

PAGES

835-844

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s13595-013-0324-6

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13595-013-0324-6

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045120556


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